Tyskland dating service

Artikel 11 og 13: Hvad de reelt siger

2018.06.20 16:49 qchisq Artikel 11 og 13: Hvad de reelt siger

Hvis du ikke har opdaget det, så er internettet blevet spammet af folk der råber vagt i gevær over en traktat der bliver debatteret i EU lige nu. Ikke bare det, men det relevante udvalg har lige accepteret lovteksten, der nu bliver sendt til EU Parliamentet. I den traktat er det specifikt 2 artikler, nummer 11 og 13, som folk er sure på. De er sure over artikler 11 fordi den skulle indeholde en såkaldt "link skat" og artikler 13 fordi den skulle tvinge alle websteder til at tage indhold ned der potentielt overtræder folks copyright. Jeg besluttede mig for rent faktisk at læse de 2 artikler for at se hvad folk er så sure over. Jeg indrømmer gerne at jeg ikke er jurist, så det kan sagtens være at jeg misforstår noget i processen. Anyways, her er lovteksten hvis du selv vil danne en mening

Artikel 11

Første delparagraf af første paragraf definerer hvad artikel 11 dækker
Member States shall provide publishers of press publications established in a Member State with the rights provided for in Article 2 and Article 3(2) of Directive 2001/29/EC for the online use of their press publications by information society service providers
Jeg er ikke helt sikker på hvad "press publications" med de rettigheder der er defineret i "Article 2 and Article 3(2) of Directive 2001/29/EC" dækker over. Det kan være det bare er nyhedssider eller bogproducenter og jeg gider ikke til at læse Directive 2001/29/EC. Det her er tørt nok i forvejen. Det korte af det lange er at artikel kun dækker over "press publications". Menr den anden subparagraf af paragraf indeholder to meget vigtige pointer:
The rights referred to in the first subparagraph shall not apply in respect of uses of insubstantial parts of a press publication. Member States shall be free to determine the insubstantial nature of parts of press publications taking into account whether these parts are the expression of the intellectual creation of their authors, or whether these parts are individual words or very short excerpts, or both criteria.
Pointe 1: Det her bliver virkelig tørt. Pointe 2: De rettigheder som artikel 11 omfatter ikke brug af ting kun er en uvæsentlig del af værket og det er de individuelle medlemsstater der bestemmer hvad "uvæsentlig" betyder. Det betyder, eksempelvis, at hvis Polen beslutter at "uvæsentlig" betyder "hvad man kan forvente i dag på reddit", så gør reddit ikke noget strafbart hvis de har base i Polen, selv hvis Holland beslutter at "uvæsentlig" betyder "alt hvad der er lavet nogensinde".
Den næste interessante del af artikel 11 er paragraf 4
The rights referred to in paragraph 1 shall expire 1 year after the publication of the press publication. This term shall be calculated from the first day of January of the year following the date of publication.
Kort sagt, hvis du har copyright på noget, så er det kun omfattet af artikel 11 1 år plus løbende år. Fair nok, det er relativt lang tid hvis vi snakker nyhedsartikler. Men, igen, det er op til de enkelte stater at bestemme hvad "væsentlig" dækker over. Og jeg ville blive stærkt overrasket hvis medlemstaterne besluttede at de dækkede over links.
Det var sådan set hele artikel 11. Som jeg læser den, så er den eneste måde du kan tolke den som en link skat er hvis du antager at alle medlemsstater beslutter sig for at selv et link er en "væsentlig del" af at indlæg. Ville jeg foretrække at Parliamentet selv definerede det? Ja, uden tvivl. Men der er sikkert en eller anden polak eller ungarer der har råbt op om "SELVSTÆNDIGHED!!!", hvilket har medført den usikkerhed.

Artikel 13

Igen, lad os få defineret hvad artikel 13 taler om helt til at starte med:
An online content sharing service provider shall obtain an authorisation from the rightholders referred to in Article 3(1) and (2) of Directive 2001/29/EC in order to communicate or make available to the public works or other subject matter. Where no such authorisation has been obtained, the service provider shall prevent the availability on its service of those works and other subject matter, including through the application of measures referred to in paragraph 4. This subparagraph shall apply without prejudice to exceptions and limitations provided for in Union law
Basically, hvis du er en side som Reddit eller Youtube og du vil give adgang til noget der er beskyttet af artikel 3(1) og (2) i Direktiv 2001/29/EC, så skal du have lov til det først. Hvis webstedet ikke har fået lov til at give adgang til det værk, så skal man forhindre brugerne i at tilgå de værker. Og her er der ikke mulighed for at Sverige har lempligere regler end Tyskland.
Hvis vi kombinerer den her paragraf med artikel 11, så kommer jeg frem til at det er ok at linke til andre værker. Det er også ok at citere andre værker, så længe det bliver vurderet til at være en "uvæstenlig del" af indlægget. Webstederne kan holdes straffrie hvis de følger processen der bliver lagt frem i paragraf 4. I paragraf 4 står der nemlig at
In the absence of the authorisation referred to in the second subparagraph of paragraph 1, Member States shall provide that an online content sharing service provider shall not be liable for acts of communication to the public or making available to the public within the meaning of this Article when:
it demonstrates that it has made best efforts to prevent the availability of specific works or other subject matter by implementing effective and proportionate measures, in accordance with paragraph 5, to prevent the availability on its services of the specific works or other subject matter identified by rightholders and for which the rightholders have provided the service with relevant and necessary information for the application of these measures; and
upon notification by rightholders of works or other subject matter, it has acted expeditiously to remove or disable access to these works or other subject matter and it demonstrates that it has made its best efforts to prevent their future availability through the measures referred to in point (a).
Basically, webstederne holdes straffrie hvis de prøver "effektivt og proportionelt" at forhindre brugere i at tilgå "specific works or other subject matter" på deres platform OG de fjerner ting de har fået at vide bryder copyrighten.
Som jeg læser det her, så er det "bare" DMCA i Europa. Youtube og Google fjerner allerede automatisk ting som der indeholder ting der er copyrightet. Det her betyder bare at alle websteder der gerne vil have adgang til Europa skal implementere noget der minder om det som Youtube har kørende.
I paragraf 5 bliver "effektivt og proportionalt defineret"
The measures referred to in point (a) of paragraph 4 shall be effective and proportionate, taking into account, among other factors:
(a) the nature and size of the services, in particular whether they are provided by a microenterprise or a small-sized enterprise within the meaning of Title I of the Annex to Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC, and their audience;
Dermed bliver små sider bliver ikke tvunget til at implementere copyright beskyttelse.
(b) the amount and the type of works or other subject matter uploaded by the users of the services;
Medmindre, selvfølgelig, at webstedet kun fungerer på grund af brud på den copyright
(c) the availability and costs of the measures as well as their effectiveness in light of technological developments in line with the industry best practice referred to in paragraph 8.
Dermed behver man ikke have anti-copyright "measures" hvis det bliver vurderet at de er for dyre i brug eller ikke er tilgængelige. Alt i alt synes jeg sådan set at det er ok defineret. Små websites bliver ikke omfattet af artikel 13 og hvis man ikke kan implementere anti-copyright measures på en måde der giver mening, så behøver man heller ikke gøre det.
Alt i alt, så mener jeg ikke at der er det store at hidse sig op over når man reelt har læst teksten igennem. Hvis du automatisk antager at medlemsstater vurderer at "væsentlig" betyder "alt der bare lugter af copy paste", så fair nok, der er noget at bekymre sig over. Men hvis du er en EU stat der gerne vil lokke websteder til landet, så laver du automatisk meget løse vilkår for webstederne. Artikel 13 er en smule vag, især i paragraf 5. Hvis du antager at embedsmændene automatisk antager at alle kan have Youtubes anti-copyright filter, så er der måske lidt problemer. Men det tvivler jeg stærkt på kommer til at ske, især efter de første par store sager
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2018.02.12 21:16 TankHunter44 Post Season Pass: Balkan Front

http://imgur.com/ALMUQ58
As Apocalypse is about to bring Bf1 to a close all of our minds are still wide open with all the possibilities for Post-Season Pass content in the near future.
There were many nations that deserved a spot in this game, and shockingly the Balkan Front was missing from the game. That region was aptly named the "Powder Keg of Europe" because of the immense tensions rising from the various melting pot of nations there, such as the Ally Serbia and Central Power Bulgaria.
In fact, this entire war began in the Balkans when, after the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand by Serbian Gavrillo Princip, Austria Hungary declared war on Serbia. This event sparked the powder keg, and soon all of Europe was on the dawn of war.
Since the Balkan Front was absent from Bf1's DLC life cycle, I'd like to share my proposal how the Balkan Front could be added as a small content pack beyond the Season Pass:
4 Maps:
Battle of Florina- Serbia vs Bulgaria
Battle of Kosovo- Serbia vs Bulgaria
Battle of Cer Mountain- Serbia vs AH
Battle of Drina- Serbia vs AH
2 Operations:
Operation: Powder Keg
  1. Cer Mountain- August 15, 1914
  2. Drina- September 6, 1914
This Operation would show the first opening battles of the war as Austria Hungary unleashes it's vengeance on Serbia, as Serbia stands up for its independence against such a powerful empire.
Operation: Fall of Serbia
  1. Kosovo- November 10, 1915
  2. Florina- August 17, 1916
This Operation illustrates the hellish warfare against the picturesque towns of Serbia as Bulgaria leads the Central Powers on the Balkan Front in an effort to conquer all of Serbia once and for all.
Bulgarian Classes:
Assault
Medic
Support
Scout
Serbian Classes:
Assault
Medic
Support
Scout
5 Guns
Assault:Furrer MP1919
  • This gun was created by the inventor of the Luger P-08 pistol. It was still in development by 1918 and was finally complete shortly after the war ended. It had a 30-40 round magazine and was notably heavy for an smg with great accuracy. It was an early assault rifle.
Medic:Frommer Rifle
  • This gun was designed by the inventor of the Austrian Frommer Stop pistol. It was a prototype rifle and had full and semi-automatic firing modes.
Support:Skoda M1893
  • An Austro Hungarian water-cooled lmg that saw service in the Boxer Rebellion and WW1. Uniquely thus gun could select fire between 180 to 250 BPM with a 20-30 round magazine.
Scout:Gewehr 71
  • This gun was the first rifle in the famous Masuer Gewehr line of bolt action rifles from the late 1800s. Some models of this rifle had a unique tubular magazine that held 8 rounds, more than later Gewehrs. It was also used by Serbia, Bulgaria, and other Balkan nations.
All Class Sidearm:Mannlicher M1901
  • An early semi-auto pistol used by Austro-Hungarian officers. It fired from an 8 round stripper clip.
submitted by TankHunter44 to battlefield_one [link] [comments]


2018.02.12 21:14 TankHunter44 Post Season Pass: Balkan Front

http://imgur.com/ALMUQ58
As Apocalypse is about to bring Bf1 to a close all of our minds are still wide open with all the possibilities for Post-Season Pass content in the near future.
There were many nations that deserved a spot in this game, and shockingly the Balkan Front was missing from the game. That region was aptly named the "Powder Keg of Europe" because of the immense tensions rising from the various melting pot of nations there, such as the Ally Serbia and Central Power Bulgaria.
In fact, this entire war began in the Balkans when, after the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand by Serbian Gavrillo Princip, Austria Hungary declared war on Serbia. This event sparked the powder keg, and soon all of Europe was on the dawn of war.
Since the Balkan Front was absent from Bf1's DLC life cycle, I'd like to share my proposal how the Balkan Front could be added as a small content pack beyond the Season Pass:
4 Maps:
Battle of Florina- Serbia vs Bulgaria
Battle of Kosovo- Serbia vs Bulgaria
Battle of Cer Mountain- Serbia vs AH
Battle of Drina- Serbia vs AH
2 Operations:
Operation: Powder Keg
  1. Cer Mountain- August 15, 1914
  2. Drina- September 6, 1914
This Operation would show the first opening battles of the war as Austria Hungary unleashes it's vengeance on Serbia, as Serbia stands up for its independence against such a powerful empire.
Operation: Fall of Serbia
  1. Kosovo- November 10, 1915
  2. Florina- August 17, 1916
This Operation illustrates the hellish warfare against the picturesque towns of Serbia as Bulgaria leads the Central Powers on the Balkan Front in an effort to conquer all of Serbia once and for all.
Bulgarian Classes:
Assault
Medic
Support
Scout
Serbian Classes:
Assault
Medic
Support
Scout
5 Guns
Assault:Furrer MP1919
  • This gun was created by the inventor of the Luger P-08 pistol. It was still in development by 1918 and was finally complete shortly after the war ended. It had a 30-40 round magazine and was notably heavy for an smg with great accuracy. It was an early assault rifle.
Medic:Frommer Rifle
  • This gun was designed by the inventor of the Austrian Frommer Stop pistol. It was a prototype rifle and had full and semi-automatic firing modes.
Support:Skoda M1893
  • An Austro Hungarian water-cooled lmg that saw service in the Boxer Rebellion and WW1. Uniquely thus gun could select fire between 180 to 250 BPM with a 20-30 round magazine.
Scout:Gewehr 71
  • This gun was the first rifle in the famous Masuer Gewehr line of bolt action rifles from the late 1800s. Some models of this rifle had a unique tubular magazine that held 8 rounds, more than later Gewehrs. It was also used by Serbia, Bulgaria, and other Balkan nations.
All Class Sidearm:Mannlicher M1901
  • An early semi-auto pistol used by Austro-Hungarian officers. It fired from an 8 round stripper clip.
submitted by TankHunter44 to battlefield_live [link] [comments]