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WRITTEN STATEMENT OF CELERINO CASTILLO III, (D.E.A., RETIRED) FOR THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE

2020.11.07 16:36 shylock92008 WRITTEN STATEMENT OF CELERINO CASTILLO III, (D.E.A., RETIRED) FOR THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE

April 27, 1998 For several years, I fought in the trenches of the front lines of Reagan's "Drug War", trying to stamp out what I considered American's greatest foreign threat. But, when I was posted, in Central and South America from 1984 through 1990, I knew we were playing the "Drug War Follies." While our government shouted "Just Say No !", entire Central and South American nations fell into what are now known as, "Cocaine democracies."
While with the DEA, I was able to keep journals of my assignments in Central and South America. These journals include names, case file numbers and DEA NADDIS (DEA Master Computer) information to back up my allegations. I have pictures and original passports of the victims that were murdered by CIA assets. These atrocities were done with the approval of the agencies.
We, ordinary Americans, cannot trust the C.I.A. Inspector General to conduct a full investigation into the CIA or the DEA. Let me tell you why. When President Clinton (June, 1996) ordered The Intelligence Oversight Board to conduct an investigation into allegations that US Agents were involved in atrocities in Guatemala, it failed to investigate several DEA and CIA operations in which U.S. agents knew before hand that individuals (some Americans) were going to be murdered.
I became so frustrated that I forced myself to respond to the I.O.B report citing case file numbers, dates, and names of people who were murdered. In one case (DEA file # TG-86-0005) several Colombians and Mexicans were raped, tortured and murdered by CIA and DEA assets, with the approval of the CIA. Among those victims identified was Jose Ramon Parra-Iniguez, Mexican passport A-GUC-043 and his two daughters Maria Leticia Olivier-Dominguez, Mexican passport A-GM-8381. Also included among the dead were several Colombian nationals: Adolfo Leon Morales-Arcilia "a.k.a." Adolfo Morales-Orestes, Carlos Alberto Ramirez, and Jiro Gilardo-Ocampo. Both a DEA and a CIA agent were present, when these individuals were being interrogated (tortured). The main target of that case was a Guatemalan Congressman, (Carlos Ramiro Garcia de Paz) who took delivery of 2,404 kilos of cocaine in Guatemala just before the interrogation. This case directly implicated the Guatemalan Government in drug trafficking (The Guatemalan Congressman still has his US visa and continues to travel at his pleasure into the US). To add salt to the wound, in 1989 these murders were investigated by the U.S Department of Justice, Office of Professional Responsibility. DEA S/I Tony Recevuto determined that the Guatemalan Military Intelligence, G-2 (the worst human rights violators in the Western Hemisphere) was responsible for these murders. Yet, the U.S. government continued to order U.S. agents to work hand-in-hand with the Guatemalan Military. This information was never turned over to the I.O.B. investigation. (See attached response)
I have obtained a letter, dated May 28, 1996, from the DEA administrator, to U.S. Congressman Lloyd Doggett (D), Texas. In this letter, the administrator flatly lies, stating that DEA agents "have never engaged in any joint narcotics programs with the Guatemalan Military".
I was there. I was the leading Agent in Guatemala. 99.9% of DEA operations were conducted with the Guatemalan military. In 1990, the DEA invited a Guatemalan military G-2 officer, Cpt. Fuentez, to attend a DEA narcotic school, which is against DEA policy. I know this for a fact because I worked with this officer for several years and was in Guatemala when he was getting ready to travel to the States.
Facts of my investigation on CIA-Contras drug trafficking in El Salvador:
The key to understanding the "crack cocaine" epidemic, which exploded on our streets in 1984, lies in understanding the effect of congressional oversight on covert operations. In this case the Boland amendment(s) of the era, while intending to restrict covert operations as intended by the will of the People, only served to encourage C.I.A., the military and elements of the national intelligence community to completely bypass the Congress and the Constitution in an eager and often used covert policy of funding prohibited operations with drug money.
As my friend and colleague Michael Ruppert has pointed out through his own experience in the 1970s, CIA has often bypassed congressional intent by resorting to the drug trade (Vietnam, Laos, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc).
When the Boland Amendment(s) cut the Contras off from a continued U.S. government subsidy, George Bush, his national security adviser Don Gregg, and Ollie North, turned to certain foreign governments, and to private contributions, to replace government dollars. Criminal sources of contributions were not excluded. By the end of 1981, through a series of Executive Orders and National Security Decision Directives, many of which have been declassified, Vice President Bush was placed in charge of all Reagan administration intelligence operations. All of the covert operations carried out by officers of the CIA, the Pentagon, and every other federal agency, along with a rogue army of former intelligence operatives and foreign agents, were commanded by George Bush. Gary Webb (San Jose Mercury News) acknowledged, that he simply had not traced the command structure over the Contras up into the White House, although he had gotten some indications that the operation was not just CIA. On Dec. 01, 1981, President Ronald Reagan signed a secret order authorizing the CIA to spend $19.9 million for covert military aid to the recently formed Contras--- hardly enough money to launch a serious military operation against the Cuban and Soviet-backed Sandinista regime.
In August 1982, George Bush hired Donald P. Gregg as his principal adviser for national security affairs. In late 1984, Gregg introduced Oliver North to Felix Rodriguez, (a retired CIA agent) who had already been working in Central America for over a year under Bush's direction. Gregg personally introduced Rodriguez to Bush on Jan. 22, 1985. Two days after his January 1985 meeting, Rodriguez went to El Salvador and made arrangements to set up his base of operations at Ilopango air base. On Nov. 01, 1984, the FBI arrested Rodriguez's partner, Gerard Latchinian and convicted him of smuggling $10.3 million in cocaine into the U.S.
On Jan. 18, 1985, Rodriguez allegedly met with money-launderer Ramon Milan-Rodriguez, who had moved $1.5 billion for the Medellin cartel. Milan testified before a Senate Investigation on the Contras' drug smuggling, that before this 1985 meeting, he had granted Felix Rodriguez's request and given $10 million from the cocaine for the Contras.
On September 10, 1985, North wrote in his Notebook:
"Introduced by Wally Grasheim/Litton, Calero/Bermudez visit to Ilopango to estab. log support./maint. (...)"
In October of 1985, Upon my arrival in Guatemala, I was forewarned by Guatemala DEA, County AttachпїЅ, Robert J. Stia, that the DEA had received intelligence that the Contras out of Salvador, were involved in drug trafficking. For the first time, I had come face to face with the contradictions of my assignment. The reason that I had been forewarned was because I would be the Lead Agent in El Salvador.
DEA Guatemalan informant, Ramiro Guerra (STG-81-0013) was in place in Guatemala and El Salvador on "Contra" intelligence. At the time (early 80's), he was a DEA fugitive on "Rico" (Racketeering Influence and Corrupt Organizations) and "CCE" (Continuing Criminal Enterprise) charges out of San Francisco. In 1986, he became an official advisor for the DEA trained El Salvador Narcotics Task Force. In 1989, all federal charges were dropped because of his cooperation with the DEA in Central America. Guerra is still a DEA informant in Guatemala.
December 1985, CNN reporter Brian Barger broke the story of the Contra's involved in drug trafficking.
Notes from my Journals & Intelligence Gathering
January 13, 1986, I wrote a report on El Salvador under DEA file (GFTG-86-9145).
January 16, 1986---HK-1217W--Carlos Siva and Tulio Pedras Contra pilots.
January 23, 1986, GFTG-86-9999, Air
Intelligence in "El Salvador" TG-86-0003, Samana and Raul.
In 1986, I placed an informant (Mario Murga) at the Ilopango airport in El Salvador. He was initiated and wrote the flight plans for most Contra pilots. After their names were submitted into NADDIS, it was revealed that most pilots had already been document in DEA files as traffickers. (See DEA memo by me date 2-14-89.)
Feb. 05, 1986, I had seized $800,000.00 in cash, 35 kilos of cocaine, and an airplane at Ilopango. DEA # TG-86-0001; Gaitan-Gaitan, Leonel
March 24, 1986, I wrote a DEA report on the Contra operation. (GFTG-86-4003, Frigorificos de Puntarenas, S.A), US registration aircraft N-68435 (Cessna 402).
April 17, 86, I wrote a Contra report on Arturo Renick; Johnny Ramirez (Costa Rica). Air craft TI-AQU & BE-60.. GFTG-86-9999; Air Intelligence.
April 25,26 1986--I met with CIA Felix Vargas in El Salvador (GFTG-86-9145).
April of 1986, The Consul General of the U.S Embassy in El Salvador (Robert J. Chavez), warned me that CIA agent George Witters was requesting a U.S visa for a Nicaraguan drug trafficker and Contra pilot by the name of Carlos Alberto Amador. (mentioned in 6 DEA files)
May 14, 1986, I spoke to Jack O'Conner DEA HQS Re: Matta-Ballesteros. (NOTE: Juan Ramon Matta-Ballesteros was perhaps the single largest drug trafficker in the region. Operating from Honduras he owned several companies which were openly sponsored and subsidized by C.I.A.)
May 26, 1986, Mario Rodolfo Martinez-Murga became an official DEA informant (STG-86-0006). Before that, he had been a sub-source for Ramiro Guerra and Robert Chavez. Under Chavez, Murga's intelligence resulted in the seizure of several hundred kilos of cocaine, (from Ilopango to Florida) making Murga a reliable source of information.
May 27, 1986, I Met U.S. Army Lt. Col. Alberto Adame in El Salvador. Has knowledge of the Contra Operation at Ilopango. He was in El Salvador from 1984 thru 1987.
On June 06, 1986, I send a DEA report/telex cable to Washington DEA in regards to Contra pilots, Carlos Amador and Carlos Armando Llamos (Honorary Ambassador from El Salvador to Panama) (N-308P). Llamos had delivered 4 1/2 million dollars to Panama from Ilopango for the Contras. Information was gathered by informant Mario Murga. Leon Portilla-TIANO = Navojo 31 & YS-265-American Pilot: Francisco Viaud. Roberto Gutierrez (N-82161) Mexican (X-AB)
June 10, 1998, I spoke to CIA agent Manny Brand Re: Sofi Amoury (Cuban Contra operator and Guatemalan Galvis-Pena in Guatemala.
June 16, 1986-GFTG-86-9999, Air Intel (DEA-6) El Salvador
Early part of 1986, I received a telex/cable from DEA Costa Rica. SA Sandy Gonzales requested for me to investigate hangers 4 and 5 at Ilopango. DEA Costa Rica had received reliable intelligence that the Contras were flying cocaine into the hangars. Both hangers were owned and operated by the CIA and the National Security Agency. Operators of those two hangars were, Lt. Col. Oliver North and CIA contract agent, Felix Rodriguez, "a.k.a." Max Gomez. (See attached letter by Bryan Blaney (O.I.C.), dated March 28, 1991).
June 18, 1986, Salvadoran Contra pilot, Francisco "Chico" Guirrola-Beeche (DEA NADDIS # 1585334 and 1744448) had been documented as a drug trafficker. On this date, at 7:30a.m, he departed Ilopango to the Bahamas to air drop monies. On his return trip (June 21) Guirrola arrived with his passengers Alejandro Urbizu & Patricia Bernal. In 1988 Urbizu was arrested in the US in a Cocaine conspiracy case. In 1985 Guirrola was arrested in South Texas (Kleberg County) with 5 and 1/2 million dollars cash, which he had picked up in Los Angeles, California. (U.S. Customs in Dallas/ Ft. Worth had case on him.)
June 18, 1986, DEA 6 on Air Intelligence, GFTG- 86-9999; El Salvador.
June 27 & 28, 1986, US Lt. Col. Albert Adame spoke with US Ambassador Edwin Corr re: Narcotics.
In a July 26, 1986 report to the Congress, on contra-related narcotics allegation, The State Department described the Frogman CASE as follows, "This case gets it's nickname from swimmers who brought cocaine ashore in San Francisco on a Colombian vessel." It focused on a major Colombian cocaine smuggler, ALVARO CARVAJAL-MINOTA, who supplied a number of west coast smugglers. It was further alleged that Nicaraguan Contra, Horacio Pererita, was subsequently convicted on drug charges in Costa Rica and sentenced to 12 years imprisonment. Two other members of the organization were identified as Nicaraguans Carlos Cabezas & Julio Zavala. They were among the jailed West Coast traffickers and convicted of receiving drugs from Carvajal. They claimed long after their convictions, that they had delivered sums of monies to Contra resistance groups in Costa Rica.
July 28, 1986, I Met with CIA agents Don Richardson, Janice Elmore and Lt. Col. Adame in El Salvador.
July 29, 1986, I Met with Don Richardson and Robert Chavez at the US Embassy in El Salvador.
August 03,1986, Ramiro Guerra, Lt. Col. A. Adame, Dr. Hector Regalado (Dr. Death, who claimed to have shot Archbishop Romero) and myself went out on patrol in El Salvador.
In Aug. 1986, The Kerry Committee requested information on the Contra pilots from the DEA. The Department Of Justice flatly refused to give up any information.
Aug. 15, 1986, I spoke to CIA (Chief of Station) Jack McCavett and Don Richardson; El Salvador; Re: Fernando Canelas Sanez from Florida.
Aug. 18, 1986, I received $45,000.00 in cash from CIA Chief of Station (CIA), Jack McKavett for the purchase of vehicles for the DEA El Salvador Narcotic Task Force.
Aug. 28, 1986, I had a meeting with El Salvador US Ambassador, Edwin Corr, in regards to Wally Grasheim, Pete's Place and Carlos Amador (3:00 p.m.)
Oscar Alvarado-Lara "a.k.a." El Negro Alvarado (CIA asset and Contra pilot) was mentioned in 3 DEA files. On June 11, 1986, Alvarado transported 27 illegal Cubans to El Salvador Ilopango, where they were then smuggled into Guatemala. On Sept. 28, 1987, Alvarado picked up CIA officer Randy Capister in Puerto Barrios Guatemala after a joint DEA, CIA and Guatemala Military (G-2) operation. Several Mexicans and Colombians were murdered and raped. This was supported by the CIA. DEA File TG-86-0005.
1986, DEA El Salvador, initiated a file on Walter L. Grasheim (TG-87-0003). He is mentioned in several DEA, FBI and U.S Customs files. This DEA file is at The National Archives in The Iran-Contra file in Washington D.C (bulky # 2316). Also see attached Top Secret/Declassified Record of Interview on Mr. Grasheim, by the Office of Independent Counsel, dated Jan. 03, 1991.
Sept. 01, 1986, at approximately 5:00pm, I received a phone call in Guatemala from (C.I) Ramiro Guerra, Re: Raid at Wally's house in El Salvador Wally's plane (N-246-J).
On September 01, 1986, Walter Grasheim (a civilian) residence in El Salvador was searched by the DEA Task Force. Found at the residence was an arsenal of US military munitions, (allegedly for a Contra military shipment). Found were cases of C-4 explosives, grenades, ammunition, sniper rifles, M-16's, helicopter helmets and knives. Also found were files of payment to Salvadoran Military Officials (trips to New York City). Found at his residence were radios and license plates belonging to the US Embassy. We also found an M16 weapon belonging to the US Mil-Group Commander, Col. Steel. Prior to the search, I went to every department of the U.S. Embassy and asked if this individual worked in any way shape or form with the embassy. Every head of the departments denied that he worked for them. A pound of marijuana and marijuana plants growing in the back yard, were also found.
Sept. 02, 1986, I departed Guatemala on Taca Airlines @ 7:30a.m to El Salvador.
Sept. 26, 1986, Meeting with Col. Steel Re: Mr. Grasheim (Col. Steel admitted that he had given an M-16 to Grasheim) and CIA George W. Also talked to Don Richardson (CIA) re: Ramiro Guerra. Talked to Col. Adame Re: CIA George.
October 03, 1986, Spoke to DEA Panama re: Mr. Grasheim. Was advised to be careful.
October 15, 1986, Asst. Atty. Gen. Mark Richard testified before the Kerry Committee, that he had attended a meeting with 20 to 25 officials and that the DEA did not want to provide any of the information the committee had requested on the Contra involvement in drug trafficking.
October 21, 1986, I send a Telex/cable to Washington D.C on the Contras.
October 22, 1986 talked to El Salvador Re: Grasheim.
October 23, 1986, HK-1960P Honduras. 1,000 kilos of cocaine. DEA- 6 was written on this case.
October 29, 1986 Talked to DEA HQS (John Martch) re Contras & Grasheim.
October 30, 1986, Talked to Salvadoran Gen. Blandon re: to Mr. Grasheim.
Nov. 07, 1986, Talked to John Martch 202-786-4356 and Azzam-633-1049; Home: 301-262-1007. (Contras).
Nov. 13, 1986, I Met with Ambassador Corr u/2:00pm re: Mr. Grasheim. (He stated, "let the chips fall where they may." Met w/ Lt. Col. Adame.
November 14, 1986, Met with Salvadoran Col. Villa Marona re: Mr. Grasheim. He advised that the U.S Embassy had approved for Grasheim to work at Ilopango.
On January 20, 1987, Joel Brinkley (special to the New York Times) reported. "Contra Arms Crew said To Smuggle Drugs" The 3rd secret had surfaced. Brinkley wrote: "Fed. Drug investigators uncovered evidence last fall that the American flight crews which covertly carried arms to the Nicaraguan rebels were smuggling cocaine and other drugs on their return trips back to the US. Administration Officials said today that when the crew members, based in El Salvador, learned that DEA agents were investigating their activities, one of them warned that they had White House protection. The Times then quoted an anonymous US official who said the crew member's warnings which came after DEA searched his San Salvador house for drugs, caused 'quite a stir' at Ilopango."
Feb. 09, 1987, I had meeting with Lt. Col. Adame and Elmore re: major argument with DEA HQS I.A. Lourdez Border. They had just arrived in Guatemala for a two-day fact finding tour of El Salvador.
Feb.10, 1987, I met with U.S. Ambassador Corr (Salvador) re DEA HQS Intel. Analyst Lourdez Border and Doug (last name unknown) - both were rookies. In two days in El Salvador, they determined that there was no contra involvement in drug trafficking.
February 27. 1987, I spoke to Mike Alston, DEA Miami, RE: Contra pilots John Hall; Bruce Jones' airstrip in Costa Rica, Colombian Luis Rodriguez; Mr. Shrimp-Ocean Hunter Costa Rica > to Miami. Contra Operation from Central American to U.S.
March 03, 1987, met with Janis Elmore (CIA) from 9:00pm till 12:00
March 30, 1987, I invited U.S. Customs Agent Richard Rivera to El Salvador in an attempt to trace ammunitions and weapons found in Mr.Grasheim's residence. It's alleged that The Pentagon put a stop on his trace. (They were never able to trace the items).
April 01, 1987, Bob Stia, Walter (pilot) Morales and myself flew to El Salvador. Met with two CIA agents who advised us that we could no longer utilize Murga because he was now working with them).
April 07,08,09, 1987, I met with John Martch in Guatemala Re: Contras and OPR.
Sept. 27, 1987, Central American CIA agent, Randy Capister, the Guatemala military (G-2) and myself, seized over 2,404 kilos of cocaine from a Guatemalan Congressman, Carlos Ramiro Garcia de Paz and the Medellin cartel (biggest cocaine seizure in Central America and top five ever). However, several individuals were murdered and raped on said operation. CIA agent and myself saw the individuals being interrogated. The Congressman was never arrested or charged.
October 22, 1987, I received a call from DEA HQS Everett Johnson, not to close Contra files because some committee was requesting file. If you have an open file, you do not have access to the files under Freedom of Information Act.
Aug. 30, 1988, Received intelligence from (Guido Del Prado) at the U.S. Embassy, El Salvador re: Carlos Armando Llemus-Herrera (Contra pilot).
Oct. 27, 1988, Received letter from "Bill," Regional Security Officer at the Embassy in El Salvador re: Corruption on US ambassador Corr and del Prado.
Dec. 03, 1988, DEA seized 356 kilos of cocaine in Tiquisate, Guatemala (DEA # TG-89-0002; Hector Sanchez). Several Colombians were murdered on said operation and condoned by the DEA and CIA. I have pictures of individuals that were murdered in said case. The target was on Gregorio Valdez (CIA asset) of The Guatemala Piper Co. At that time, all air operations for the CIA and DEA flew out of Piper.
Aug. 24, 1989, Because of my information, the U.S. Embassy canceled Guatemalan Military, Lt. Col. Hugo Francisco Moran-Carranza, (Head of Interpol and Corruption) U.S. visa. He was documented as a drug trafficker and as a corrupt Guatemalan Official. He was on his way to a U.S. War College for one year, invited by the CIA.
Feb. 21, 1990, I send a telex-cable to DEA HQS Re: Moran's plan to assassinate me.
Between Aug. 1989 and March 06, 1990, Col. Moran had initiated the plan to assassinate me in El Salvador and blame it on the guerrillas. On March 06, 1990, I traveled to Houston to deliver an undercover audio tape on my assassination. The Houston DEA S.A Mark Murtha (DEA File M3-90-0053) had an informant into Lt. Col. Moran.
Feb. 24, 1990, I moved my family back home because DEA could not make a decision.
March 15, 1990, After 6 months knowing about the assassination plan, DEA transferred me out to San Diego, California for 6months.
April 05, 1990, an illegal search was conducted at my residence in Guatemala by Guatemala DEA agents Tuffy Von Briensen, Larry Hollifield and Guatemalan Foreign Service National, Marco Gonzales in Guatemala (No search warrant). DEA HQS agreed that it had been an illegal search requested by OPR S/I Tony Recevuto. (OPR file PR-TG-90-0068) On Sept. 16, 1991, a questionnaire was faxed to me in regards to the illegal search. (see attached)
April 11, 1991, in an undercover capacity, Carlos Cabezas's wife sold me 5 kilos of cocaine in San Francisco. (DEA # R3-91-0036; Milagro Rodriguez)
On April 16, 1991, I met with Carlos Cabezas at the DEA Office in San Francisco. He stated to me that Zavala and himself were informants for the FBI in San Francisco at the time his wife delivered the cocaine. Alvaro Carbajal had supplied the 5 kilos of cocaine. (There is an undercover audio tape available as evidence) Mr. Cabezas gave me his undercover business card. It was identified as "The California Company" at 3519-Mission St., San Francisco, CA 94110 REAL ESTATE & INVESTMENTS Carlos A. Cabezas, Sales Associate Pager: 371-7108 Fax: (415) 647-0918; Res: (415 991-3104; Bus: (415) 647-8014.
May 10, 1990, DEA HQS OPR S/I Tony Recevuto returned to Guatemala and requested the U.S. Ambassador, to please grant Lt. Col. Hugo Moran-Carranza a US Visa, so that he could testify before the BCCI investigation in Miami. The ambassador could not understand why anyone, for any reason would request a US Visa for an individual who had planned the assassination of a US drug agent.
May 27, 1990, I was ordered to return back to Guatemala to pack my household goods. The threat was still very real for me. On June 01, 1990, I departed Guatemala for the last time. On June 05, 1990, another American was killed by the Guatemalan Military. Before the Kerry Committee
The CIA acknowledged drugs in a statement by Central American Task Force Chief Alan Fiers who testified: "with respect to (drug trafficking) by the Resistance Forces...It is not a couple of people. It is a lot of people."
The DEA has always stated that my reports were unfounded, but they later recanted. DEA Assistant Administrator, David Westrate stated of the Nicaraguan War: "It is true that people on both sides of the equation (in the Nicaraguan War) were drug traffickers, and a couple of them were pretty significant."
In a Sept. 20-26, 1989, series of debriefings and in subsequent debriefing on Feb. 13, 1990, by DEA agents in Los Angeles, Lawrence Victor Harrison, an American-born electronics specialist who had worked in Mexico and had been involved with the leading figures in the Mexican drug cartel, was interviewed. He testified that he had been present when two of the partners of Matta-Ballesteros and Rafael Caro-Quintero, met with American pilots working out of Ilopango air base in El Salvador, providing arms to the Contras. The purpose of the meeting was to work out drug deals.
Several days earlier, on Feb. 09, 1990, Harrison had told DEA interrogators that Nicaraguan Contras were being trained at a ranch in Vera Cruz, owned by Rafael Caro Quintero. It was at Quintero's Guadalajara ranch that DEA Agent Kiki Camarena, and his pilot were interrogated, tortured and buried alive.
January 23, 1991, letter to Mr. William M. Baker, Asst. Director of Criminal Investigative Division, FBI; from Lawrence E. Walsh and Mike Foster, requesting several FBI files on Walter L. Grasheim. (see attached)
January 30, 1991, letter to DEA Ronald Caffrey, Deputy Asst. Administrator for Operations at DEA from Craig A. Guillen, Associate Counsel of the Office of Independent Counsel; requesting Walter L. Grasheim reports. (see attached)
In 1991, a DEA General File was opened on an Oliver North in Washington D.C. (GFGD-91-9139) "smuggling weapons into the Philippines with known drug traffickers."
In 1991, before I departed the DEA, I met with FBI agent Mike Foster, investigator for The Office of Independent Counsel on Iran-Contra, where I gave him detailed information of the Contras' involvement in drugs.
October, 1994, The Washington Post reported that former Government Officials, including the DEA, CIA, State Department, US Customs and White House officials were quoted as saying that Lt. Col. Oliver North did not advise them of his knowledge that the Contras were involved in drug trafficking.
In 1997, I joined DEA SA Richard Horn in a federal class action suit against the CIA. The suit is against the CIA and other federal agencies for spying on several DEA agents and other unnamed DEA employees and their families. United States District Court for The District of Columbia; Richard Horn vs. Warren Christopher, Civil Action No. 1:96CV02120 (HHG) January 30, 1994.
This is a list of DEA case file and names of individuals that may help support my allegations.
GFTG-86-9145, GFTG-87-9145 El Salvador
GFTG-86-9999, GFTG-87-9999, Air Intelligence
TG-87-0003, Walter L. Grasheim (Salvador case)
TG-86-0001, Leonel Guitan-Guitan
DEA Informants STG-86-0006 and STG-81-0013
US Ambassador Edwin Corr
Janis Elmore (CIA 1986 through 1989). I reported to her when in El Salvador.
Don Richardson ( CIA & Political Officer in El Salvador 1986,87). I reported to him in El Salvador.
Felix Vargas (CIA El Salvador 1986, 87)
Col. James Steel ( Mil-Group Commander El Salvador).
U.S. Lt. Col. Alberto Adame (Under Steel)
Lupita Vega (the only Salvadoran which was cleared for "Top Secret") worked in the Milgroup in El Salvador.
Felix Rodriguez (CIA at Ilopango hanger 4 & 5)
Jack McCavett (CIA Chief of Station in El Salvador).
CIA George Witter in El Salvador. He asked for US visa on drug trafficker Carlos Alberto Amador.
CIA Randy Capister (covert operation in Central America 1985 t090). Involved in several atrocities.
CIA Manuel Brand (retired Cuban-American) Guatemala
State Department (De Luoie) El Salvador
State Department RSO Bill Rouche El Salvador
State Dept. Official Del Prado (El Salvador)
DEA John Martsh (DEA HQS)
DEA Jack O'Conner (DEA HQS)
DEA HQS Agents AZZAM & Frank Torello (retired) involved in Contra ops in Europe
Salvadoran General Bustillo (retired in Florida)
US Custom Richard Rivera and Philip Newton
DEA Sandy Gonzales (Costa Rica)
Lincoln Benedicto-Honduras US Embassy-Consul General April 30, 1986. Re: Matta-Ballesteros
Some people have asked, "Why I am doing this? I reply, "That a long time ago I took an oath to protect The Constitution of the United States and its citizens". In reality, it has cost me so much to become a complete human being, that I've lost my family. In 1995, I made a pilgrimage to the Vietnam Wall, where I renounced my Bronze Star in protest of the atrocities my government had committed in Central America. I have now become a veteran of my third, and perhaps most dangerous war --- a war against the criminals within my own Government. Heads have to roll for those who are responsible and still employed by the government. They will be the first targets in an effective drug strategy. If not, we will continue to have groups of individuals who will be beyond any investigation, who will manipulate the press, judges and members of our Congress, and still be known in our government as those who are above the law.
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2020.10.21 00:20 AlexDaGreat999 Nothing makes me happier than traveling and spontaneous road trips

Yesterday, I went on a 100-mile spontaneous drive from my hometown of San Diego to Long Beach and surrounding areas. I wanted to take a break from zoom university and just get out and get some fresh air.
I'm so glad I did because it gave my mind a few hours to escape from my problems and just enjoy planet earth and urban exploration. The greater Los Angeles area never fails to amaze me with how beautiful it is, especially when it is sunny with no clouds in sight. Besides the traffic, driving through Orange and LA county is just breathtaking to me.
Long Beach is a beautiful city too. The downtown area is colorful and vibrant and full of things to do. Saw Queen Mary in the distance, too bad she's closed due to obvious reasons. I drove to Long Beach specifically because I want to transfer to the college there and I've never been to the city itself. So i drove up there because I wanted to explore the city I would potentially be going to college in.
For years, I've had the idea that I wanted to move to LA, but this trip pretty much solidified that. I'm inching closer to graduating from a community college so hopefully, soon it will be a reality!
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2020.10.20 18:28 Buck_Joffrey Wealth Formula Episode 234: What You MUST Know about Estate Planning!

Catch the full episode: https://www.wealthformula.com/podcast/234-what-you-must-know-about-estate-planning/
Buck: Welcome back to the show everyone. Today my guest on Wealth Formula Podcast is estate planning attorney Joseph Longo. Now for 25 years, Joe has focused on delivering unparalleled service in the area of estate planning asset protection, and sports actually. His clients have ranged from businesses to high net worth families and professional athletes he has taught law school Los Angeles City College, Mission College, and Pasadena City College. He is currently an adjunct professor at Loyola Law School. He's also sat as a judge pro temp in the Los Angeles Court System. Joe is an Ivy League guy. He received his BA from Brown University in rhode island where he was a starting defensive back on the Brown University football team in the mid-80s. Joe, welcome back to the show.
Joe: Thank you, thank you very much Buck for having me.
Buck: Hey Joey I gotta ask, did you play at Brown when this guy I think he was on the Vikings, I think, Steve Jordan?
Joe: No he, okay so it's funny, he was a little bit ahead of me and I think I was a senior in high school and I was like a mid-major recruit like you know Washington State, San Diego State, Utah and my father who never went to college and lived the American dream when Brown University came to visit us to talk about going to school there my dad was really into it and Brown did a smart move they had that the one NFL player called the house Steve Jordan so my dad at that point said look if you go play in the NFL you got it covered but more importantly you're going to get a good education and of course I went there and got a good education.
Buck: That's great, that's great. Yeah it's funny I was trying to think actually when I read about the Brown thing I was like you know and I'm such a rabid NFL fan I've been a Vikings fan since kindergarten and Steve Jordan played a while ago but I was like he was tied in on a Minnesota Vikings you know late 80s I think and he was a very good player. At any rate it's interesting, just a little side note there. Well listen Joe I contacted you because you know we've been on the show before, but you know we've got some timely things going on right now with regard to potential change in the state law tax, the potential Biden administration etc, however I do think it's always important you know for many new listeners all the time on this show and it always helps to review some of the basic concepts so if you're okay with that, what I'd like to do is just kind of you know brush over some of the basics here. And so why don't you want to you know at a high level just say for example what exactly is estate planning? I mean I know it seems like such a basic question, but you know I'll tell you what, when I finished surgical residency and started making money for the first time, I had no idea what estate planning meant. So why don't you just start with a basic definition.
Joe: Well I always tell clients I say look when you're just coming up and just out of school you might be able to get away with it, single you might be able to get away with it, you're married and you have a joint tenancy on a house that's I call that a poor man's trust you might be able to get away with it, but once you have kids you need in my area of law you need your dose of medicine and what that is is a living trust. And a living trust is the entity that will hold all of your assets and it protects your loved ones, your wife, your children, your husband if anything ever happens to you and that really is the key document. Wills are also very helpful but in today's day and age it's the living trust is what you want.
Buck: So you know and this is just to expand on that point, a living trust is not that big of a deal right I mean listen people think oh trust whatever but it's a document that's ultimately you know it's not like it even has its own tax ID, it's just you know taking things out of your estate and to and basically putting it in this trust. Tell us why that is important.
Joe: You know under the law a living trust is looked upon as a contract, a customized contract by you on where all your assets go when you pass. So the law recognizes what you want and therefore you avoid probate and all the costs and fees that are associated with it your family I should say avoids probate and things transfer much more smoothly under the law and then your loved ones are ultimately able to mourn your passing and the assets transfer smoothly and ultimately your state's resolved in a much quicker more efficient manner as opposed the complexities that are involved in probate court.
Buck: And that's exactly the point I was trying to emphasize here and I tell people all the time, the living trust is not burdensome at all but what it does do is in the event that you die, which you will eventually, it allows your assets not to go through probate. Now for people who don't know what probate is, what is probate and how painful can probate be? I mean it's a very leading question but I think this is something that a lot of people just have no clue about.
Joe: Well probate is the court overseeing your estate now and it doesn't matter that you were married to the decedent it doesn't matter that you're the child of a decedent the court is in charge and that becomes very cumbersome when you can't access any of your father's account because the court's overseeing it and if you do access the account you owe the court in accounting and the attorney's fees are great and then in California and most of the seven southern California counties where I practice, the wait time for a simple probate that has no objections whatsoever right now is running about a year and a half to two years. For me to run assets through a probate it takes me about a year and a half to two years to get those through into the heirs or the children or whoever I'm getting it through the attorney's fees are very expensive, it runs about you know around two percent and up of the gross value of what you run so just take a a regular million dollar home. Your attorney's fees for pushing around paper for a year and a half to here is going to be about 20,000 there's core costs there's an appraisal involved I mean a simple living trusts are running anywhere from three to six thousand dollars in most cases and that includes all the health care directives and everything else so you understand just the fees alone are burdensome on your loved ones and most people in my practice once you explain them what a living trust is, how it helps your loved ones, most people are willing to invest in getting their estate plans set up and not and being taken care of you know.
Buck: That's right and the thing here to emphasize is and it's not just California. Of course you know everybody thinks California is slow and clunky with everything they might be right but this is probate is an issue in every state to a certain degree so imagine this if you are you know you've got a wife or a husband or whatever and you've got a few kids and you've got a 5 million dollar net worth and you know you have a bunch of stuff that's in your name right it's in your name and all of a sudden you die. And in California your assets don't go you know they're I mean in any state they're not going to go directly to your kids just because that makes sense, it's not going to happen. So your assets are going to be hung up at minimum in California two years and in other states it's you know it's not going to be any shorter than six months to a year right. And then it's going to cost you a bunch of money. Imagine that your family is going through you know this pain of losing you and all of a sudden they don't have any money. It's crazy so this is exactly why Joe saying the living trust is basic and fundamental. Did I see anything wrong there?
Joe: o your analysis is exactly right and like I said it it helps your loved ones with the transition.
Buck: So now this is the next the next issue I want to bring up here is that now once you get your living trust, use it right. This is something that's again something that I see all the time I've got a will I've got a living trust but I'm investing in my personal name I own my assets my investments through my personal name I own my LLC's that you know I'm deploying capital through or have holding companies and they're owned by personal names so all of those things then should actually be owned by a living trust is that correct?
Joe: That is the number one problem I see in just over 30 years of practice is people do a trust and then they don't bother putting things in it and we call that funding the trust. So let's make this clear it's not what you list in the back of the trust in schedule a that's not in the trust just because it's attached, it's the title of the asset being in the name of the trust is what makes it in the trust and that's the biggest problem I see is people who do the do-it-yourself trust through those companies or maybe just a you know didn't get it done correctly or gathered a bunch of assets after they did the trust and didn't bother you know remembering that they were supposed to put in the name of the trust. I tell the clients the children usually of the clients look your father you know did a good job by making a trust the bad news is I gotta go probate these two homes or these two pieces of real estate because they're in his name not the name of the trust.
Buck: It's funny because again it's one of these things that it sounds like this is not sexy stuff but this is critically important stuff right I mean this is critically important. You know when I have an LLC and now it's a little different because most are owned by you know different types of trust which we'll get into in a minute but you got to go back and look at your LLC's to make sure again just because it's an LLC does not then preclude it from being part of probate. If you have an LLC with assets or investments etc it again has to flow into that living trust to avoid probate. So okay and by the way again just to emphasize it's so easy once you get the document you know I just bought a couple cars this year and you know I was like well where should I title these? Well I just put it in a living trust and you know big deal I use my social security number for anything that information it's not even like there's a different tax ID it's just you know it just avoids probate. So it's that simple okay. So now we wanted to make sure we hit that stuff to begin with because I always feel like you know get the basics get the basics if nothing else you didn't know that now you know that that was the price of entrance for this podcast. So there's another level though Joe as we so to speak as we start getting we start getting trusts involved right and other types of estate planning that's more sophisticated. So from my understanding that's when you start get concerned about you know as you're when your net worth is going up when you're when you're starting to accumulate assets so that's when these issues come up potentially where you start thinking about estate taxes. Now most people even in my group so my investor club etc really didn't need to worry too much about that kind of stuff because you know they really didn't kick in these you know state taxes until like if it was a couple maybe 20 million plus range in net worth and you know most of our people are still probably below below 10 million and so it didn't really affect them but something's happening now that that could really change all that and it and it could be the case that it affects most of the people in for example in our investor club or accredited investors and that is the change in when these estate taxes start kicking in. Can you talk about the what you know sort of the buzz is in the in this space right now?
Joe: So yeah it kind of reminds me of 2012 at the end of 2012 we were going through a similar situation but the change the potential change of administration and Biden is the issue and Biden has come out and said that he doesn't like Trump's tax laws but what we don't know is we don't know exactly what he's going to do and remember he'd have to carry the both the congress and the senate if he's gonna change Trump's tax laws but he has said that he wants to change his laws. In my circles I'm hearing a lot of that he wants to bring the death tax exemption per person down to three and a half million just to give you an idea it's currently 11.58 million.
Buck: Per person so that's where we get the 20 plus we were talking about before
Joe: You can double that for a married couple okay. There's a lot out there that says he wants to bring it down to three and a half million. In fact I believe that we will probably end up in a obama era type a tax exempt estate tax exemption of between five and six million but what does that mean anyway
Buck: What does that mean and then and then how much you know how onerous is this tax
Joe: Context here so you're married you pass your wife inherits tax for everything okay that's called the unlimited marital exemption okay so spouses don't get taxed. But when the second the spouse goes the heirs which are you know 90 times children are to pay a death tax within nine months of that death and what is that? Well right now it's 40 on every dollar above 11.58 million okay. If Biden were to bring that down to three and a half million then it's and I don't know if it's 40 or 50 I mean I remember Bernie Sanders campaigning at one million dollar death tax exemption at 55 on every okay but what that would mean is our debt tax exemption is going to come down much lower than it is now so a lot of particularly real estate heavy families are coming to me and saying hey is there anything I can do between now and December 31st because because if one gets it takes office I think it's January 20th or whatever if he gets anything passed in 2021 it will be may retroactive to January 1st of 2021. So we all have between now and December 31st to examine our estate plans and see if there's any opportunity to move some assets to our children now to avoid death tax when we pass and now how do we do that? There's some very sophisticated ways to do it but the simple way to do it is gift your children now some of your assets okay so that they are don't count against the either 11.5 million or the possible pinning three and a half million okay. So do you understand if you get it out of your state now it can grow estate tax-free during your lifetime and then when you pass you avoid the estate tax.
Buck: So and this this is where it gets interesting because when what you just said I think makes a lot of people think the same thing. Well I'm not that old I don't really want to start you know giving my money away and not having control of it or not being able to enjoy it and all that but in fact that's not really necessarily what you're doing right you're not completely giving away control and there is still some ways in which you can still benefit from you know that money is that is that reasonable?
Joe: Yeah exactly let me give you a simple example okay let's just assume you have five million or let's just use 10 million dollars in real estate let's just say it's all in one LLC for simplicity purposes. You currently own 100 of that 10 million real estate LLC. How about gifting 30 which is a minority share to your two children 15 each? Well you still retain control okay you still get all the benefits of being in control of that LLC but you've now moved three million dollars out of your estate to your two children who are minority owners now of of your LLC and let's say you are relatively young and you hold that LLC for another 20 years and that thing appreciates just from 10 million dollars to 20 million dollars and then you pass well you just gave your children six million dollars tax-free, there's going to be no estate tax and that becomes valuable over time and you haven't given up any of your incidences of control.
Buck: I want to talk about something specifically that you know just in terms of my own planning I do have and maybe could be useful to actually a number of people in this audience because you know some are similar to me. But the way I'm set up and maybe you could kind of explain to people what this is because I know you do this as well is that I have set up a Nevada Dynasty Trust and the Nevada Dynasty Trust has the the owners of that trust are basically my my three daughters their irrevocable trusts so it's been decanted into there right now that that's how I have it set up. Now the Nevada Dynasty trust itself holds has a holding company and that's really where I'm the manager and what that allows me to do is is basically to you know invest that money if the kids need you know if we need to buy a house, well the kids need to live there so that's fair game right we can we can use that. Can you talk a little bit about that I don't want to be the lawyer who explains this but I find it to be a very useful structure and I'd like maybe you could explain that and see if you know to see if people think it might be useful for them.
Joe: Dynasty trusts are very helpful for our children for a number of reasons. When I was talking about gifting our children, we typically don't recommend gifting to children directly. We'd rather gift into a trust okay. And why would we want to use something like a dynasty trust that lasts the lifetime of your child? Well a few reasons. One is it's asset protected for your child so for instance when your daughter has this real estate and cash inside her dynasty trust, the future ex-husband's not going to be able to get into there. Future creditors on her bad business dealings or her malpractice claim or whatever it is she's exposed to predator-wise in life will not be able to get into that dynasty okay and so the assets are safe inside there they grow estate tax free inside there there's some other lifetime tax benefits having it a Nevada but we do recommend gifting assets out of your estate in an effort to avoid escape tax into some kind of a trust and that dynasty trust is probably you know the most common trust we use.
Buck: Let me ask you about the nature of things you can transfer into a dynasty trust. You mentioned real estate. Can you transfer operating businesses into a dynasty trust?
Joe: You can transfer anything into the dynasty trust. We just have to have it appraised so we know the value in the event of an audit we needed to have the value appraised at the time they were transferring it.
Buck: How about this, another question and I'm asking some of these questions because they're relevant to me so I'm you know I'm basically getting this legal advice for free but how about starting businesses that are owned from day one by the dynasty trust they have no value to begin with, can you do that?
Joe: I one time a very there's a very famous estate planning story that and it's out there that Mr. Hughes the founder of PS Public Storage I think he founded in 1981 and he made he he started he already was pretty independently wealthy but he started the storage business and he gave his two children who I think were in college at this time I can't remember the story but anyways he gave his two children into trust fifty percent of PS Public Storage which those interests are now worth billions of dollars okay when he passes and he's still around, I think he's of course just won the Kentucky Derby but when he passes his kids will not pay any estate tax on that 50 percent share of the PS Public Storage.
Buck: So the answer is yes you could have an active business that is starting you know from day one that has no value because it's a startup and you could have membership and grow it into you know a big pile of money basically right?
Joe: That's correct and it'll avoid estate tax.
Buck: That folks is really critical when you start thinking about some of your investments and so Joe correct me if I'm wrong okay on this because there are situations where you are you know you may be thinking about doing something for the first time and you know maybe you're already over that threshold of where the estate tax might be, you might consider starting, you can still in this situation I know at least in my diagnostic trust I'm the manager of the LLC's that owns you know the the LLC's owned by the dynasty trust. Now I actually I don't use that to go out to dinner and stuff for our vacations, but I can buy real estate because that real estate is ultimately owned by my children right, I can buy you know a home with that because that's where they're going to live and it's their home they own it right?
Joe: And as manager you have 100% control.
Buck: Exactly so I emphasize that because I literally have had conversations with friends of mine who have you know I've said you know you got to do something with your estate planning and I got to tell you Joe I don't know if you come across this all the time but you have very sophisticated people very entrepreneurial types business types who for some reason and I think maybe a psychological thing where you're just you know worried about you know giving everything away I'm not ready to give everything away and I'm not you know I'm not thinking about dying because I'm well I'm you know a pretty young guy but they just when the the idea of the word gifting comes up it conjures up these images of sort of you know giving it all away calling it a day that kind of thing and it's just not the case right?
Joe: No and I get that a lot like when the first reaction to sort of you know especially high now with people giving to their children and especially if their children are young you know the first reaction is the connotation of gift like you know and all of us want our children to you know do well in school get good jobs and work hard right, this is a different kind of gifting program this gifting program is into a trust for their benefit and the trust could either say hey you can only distribute for needs until let's say age 30 for instance, like housing medical or it could be a dynasty trust where it could serve their needs for their lifetime you could even name them as co-trustee at some point so they have access to the principal, who knows maybe you're one of your daughters want to work wants to work in the real estate business with you you know and she she can help guide your your job as manager. It's one of those things where it's a program to help you take some of your hard-earned assets and pass them down to your children tax-free. And right now we're in a climate where if the administration change happens, that estate tax is coming down not just a little bit probably dramatically okay. In fact in California there's rumblings about California having its own state tax in addition to that federal tax I just talked about. So your own states might have an additional estate tax you really need to understand if your state has your the state you're residing in has an estate tax and then keep an eye on the federal estate tax but either way this is an opportune time to look at the law and your own estate plan between now and the end of the year and see if there's something appropriate for your children. By the way I have a seven and a ten-year-old who both have these dynasty trusts that I gift into they have no idea what they have okay but my plan is to you know hopefully decades from now you know when I pass when they are responsible adults they have access to funds that will come to them tax free, won't be subject to the tax right.
Buck: Right a slightly different issue which I think again is important to a number of people in our space is you know there is a lot of talk about at least in the tax plan to remove you know the you know reset basis in real estate you know after death. Can you talk a little bit about what that is for people who might not be familiar and how that might affect them and how some of these things that we've talked about kind of feed into that.
Joe: Okay so where's where I begin in California I think we have three new tax propositions on the ballot. So as a lawyer looking and having read the propositions two of them I just think are poorly written. One being trying to get rid of the parent child exemption property tax exemption under the law. And what that means is in California right now let's just say your parents own a home your father dies your mother's living in her property tax basis is 4000 a year on this million-dollar home right. When she passes and you inherit the house you also can inherit a four thousand dollar property tax exemption that's called the parent child exemption okay. What they're trying to do is get rid of that okay. So that means and so I'm getting a lot of calls from parents or who are like should I transfer my home to my child now instead of when I die and the answer is you got to evaluate you're giving up and again this is another tax complex but maybe your real estate listeners will understand if you gift the home during your lifetime your child loses the step up and basis yeah okay but we'll get the property tax exemption so you got to do a math problem to see which one's more valuable.
Buck: But as I understand it Joe at the national level one of the potential things that could be eliminated and that's been talked about being eliminated is the step up in basis right and if that were to happen then it would be like there'd be basically no point I mean you you'd want everything in the trust right I mean there's no value in having outside the trust anymore.
Joe: You're absolutely right because if they do away the step up in basis upon the death of your parents you now have a that the date of death is the new valuation of the I mean you get your I'm sorry you inherit your parents basis so now you know if you go and sell the house you've got a capital gains tax that you well okay he's assuming most people most children that I represent that inherit the homes usually they end up selling them.
Buck: Yeah well and in that case you know they're it creates just a giant mess for real estate investors too because then presumably the they're they're not gonna the step up and basis whatever depreciation that that the parents took they're gonna end up paying recapture on the way out, recapture on the depreciation along with capital gains. So this is a gigantic mess and what I the moral of the story here is folks I think you really, really got to start thinking about this and it's not just for the 20 million plus crew anymore. This is something that you ought to be talking to Joe if you're in California. Joe you're you're you're licensed only in California and you you generally like to see people work with people in their own state when it comes to estate planning attorneys is that right?
Joe: Yes and that that is exactly because it's a state by state, state tax by state tax so you really need somebody in that state to give you proper advice both on the federal issues like the one you just mentioned that's up for debate and the state issues like the one I mentioned the propositions on the ballot in California.
Buck: Right so Joe if we're in California how do we get in touch with you?
Joe: I'm currently a partner at glazer while we have offices in century cities San Francisco and Newport Beach we're at glacierwild.com and you know you're welcome to I'm always happy to talk to clients over the phone and give and have the console over the phone these days to see where we're headed and I expect a lot of consulting going on between now between November 3rd and the end of the year.
Buck: By the way if you couldn't remember that just shoot me an email if you're in California [email protected] and I'll just forward it to Joe. People have done that in the past and I think that's a great way. What about for people who are not in California we have a nationwide and frankly, well we can't do anything for people outside of the country, but at least in this country how do you find a good estate planning attorney?
Joe: I'm a member of a nationwide group called the wealth council and it's wealthcounsel.com I have fined those lawyers to be top notch. I many times have to consult out-of-state lawyers for my clients because I have a client in California who has a piece of real estate Nevada or I need to set up a Nevada trust and I have yet to not find the very best quality lawyers and that and that grouping and if you on wealthcounsel.com there is a directory on there where you can go in and put in your city and state and then it'll give you a list of lawyers in your area
Buck: Fantastic. Well Joe I want to thank you so much for being on a Wealth Formula Podcast again and I would love to have you back again I guess once we kind of know definitively what's going on and we can kind of deal with the aftermath.
Joe: That's right. I'll see you November 4.
Buck: We'll be right back
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2020.10.09 14:18 pastenague [OC] I calculated the most common first and last names of all players in the history of nearly 600 clubs around the world. Here are the results!

Link to Spreadsheet: Most Common First + Last Names for Players of 579 Clubs

Introduction

Back in September 2019, I had a random idea about figuring out the most common player names for a given club. During the lockdown, I had some time to make that idea a reality. I used Wikipedia's API (through the WikipediR R package) to extract the names of every player with a Wikipedia page that belonged to the category "X football players" or "X footballers" for a given club X. I did this extraction back in September 2019, so all this data is only accurate as of September 2019 and does not account for any transfers since then. I compiled the list of players for every club, and then used the humaniformat R package to "intelligently" split every player name into first and last names. Finally, I calculated the modes among the lists of first and last names of the players for each club. I have posted the code in a Github repository in case anyone is interested.
The following tables encompass as many teams from as many countries/leagues as I could fit with a reasonable length in this post. The full list is available in the Google Sheets spreadsheet listed at the top of this post. I encourage anyone whose club is not listed in this post to peruse through that spreadsheet, as you will hopefully find it there. The entire list encompasses each of the countries below, as well as some others (including China, Japan, and some Scandinavian countries), for a total of 579 clubs across the top or top two divisions of 26 countries (England + Wales includes League One and League Two teams as well). Also, the full list for some countries is posted on subreddits pertaining to their leagues, and the separate discussions on those subreddits have been linked.
I apologize if the names of any club are listed incorrectly - I had to do some processing to condense their names from the "official" name (which the Wikipedia pages are often named for) to their common names. Enjoy!
Note: "X" represents a case in which there were more than 3 names that were all tied for being the most common for their club.

England + Wales

Club First Name Last Name Name
Liverpool John (54) Jones (16) John Jones
Manchester City David (27) Smith (9) David Smith
Leicester City John (25) Smith (12) John Smith
Crystal Palace John (31) Smith, Taylor (9) John Smith-Taylor
Arsenal John (32) Jones (6) John Jones
Everton John (43) Jones (13) John Jones
West Ham United George (30) X George X
Manchester United John (53) Jones, Williams (11) John Jones-Williams
Tottenham Hotspur John (38) Smith (13) John Smith
Sheffield United John (41) Smith (14) John Smith
Chelsea John (28) Smith (12) John Smith
Burnley John (42) Smith (17) John Smith
Southampton George (40) Brown (11) George Brown
Newcastle United John (44) Smith (10) John Smith
Bournemouth John (27) Smith (10) John Smith
Brighton & Hove Albion Jack (33) Smith (13) Jack Smith
Wolverhampton Wanderers George (34) Jones (10) George Jones
Aston Villa John (36) Evans, Williams (8) John Evans-Williams
Norwich City John (26) Smith (12) John Smith
Watford Jimmy (24) Smith (10) Jimmy Smith
Barnsley John (38) Smith (11) John Smith
Birmingham City Jack (35) Smith (16) Jack Smith
Blackburn Rovers John (41) Jones, Taylor (8) John Jones-Taylor
Brentford John (48) Smith (17) John Smith
Bristol City John (26) Williams (12) John Williams
Cardiff City John (28) Jones (18) John Jones
Charlton Athletic John (29) Smith (8) John Smith
Derby County John (34) Smith (11) John Smith
Fulham John (28) Brown (13) John Brown
Huddersfield Town Paul (28) Smith (18) Paul Smith
Hull City George (25) Smith (10) George Smith
Leeds United David, John (25) Smith (10) David-John Smith
Luton Town John (28) Brown (8) John Brown
Middlesbrough John (25) Smith (9) John Smith
Millwall John (34) Smith (14) John Smith
Nottingham Forest John (37) Brown, Jones, Smith (8) John Brown-Jones-Smith
Preston North End John (38) Brown, Smith (11) John Brown-Smith
Queens Park Rangers John (25) Smith (11) John Smith
Reading John (23) Smith (9) John Smith
Sheffield Wednesday John (25) Jones (10) John Jones
Stoke City John (58) Smith (17) John Smith
Swansea City John (24) Jones (18) John Jones
West Bromwich Albion George (27) Jones (11) George Jones
Wigan Athletic John (27) Roberts, Taylor (5) John Roberts-Taylor
Full List (including League 1 and League 2) & Discussion on /Championship

Germany

Club First Name Last Name Name
RB Leipzig X Müller (3) X Müller
FC Bayern Munich Hans, Thomas (9) Müller (3) Hans-Thomas Müller
VfL Wolfsburg Thomas (7) Madsen (3) Thomas Madsen
Bayer 04 Leverkusen Markus (7) X Markus X
Borussia Dortmund Thomas (7) Schmidt, Schneider (3) Thomas Schmidt-Schneider
SC Freiburg Michael (8) X Michael X
Eintracht Frankfurt Thomas (11) Lindner, Schmitt (3) Thomas Lindner-Schmitt
Borussia Mönchengladbach Michael (10) Schulz (3) Michael Schulz
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim Kevin, Andreas (5) Haas (4) Kevin-Andreas Haas
FC Schalke 04 Michael (10) X Michael X
1 FC Union Berlin Daniel (7) X Daniel X
Fortuna Düsseldorf Thomas, Christian, Michael (7) X Thomas-Christian-Michael X
SV Werder Bremen Frank (6) Schmidt (3) Frank Schmidt
1 FC Köln X Müller, Rahn, Schmitz (3) X Müller-Rahn-Schmitz
SC Paderborn 07 Sebastian (8) Brinkmann (2) Sebastian Brinkmann
FC Augsburg Michael (9) Müller (4) Michael Müller
Hertha BSC Christian (8) Müller (5) Christian Müller
1 FSV Mainz 05 Christian (5) Müller (4) Christian Müller
Full List (including 2. Bundesliga) & Discussion on /Bundesliga

France

Club First Name Last Name Name
Amiens SC Fabrice (6) Traoré (3) Fabrice Traoré
Angers SCO Stephane (7) Traoré (3) Stephane Traoré
FC Girondins de Bordeaux Andre (7) Santos (3) Andre Santos
Dijon Florent, Frédéric, Benjamin (4) Martin (3) Florent-Frédéric-Benjamin Martin
Lille OSC Jean, Philippe (6) X Jean-Philippe X
Olympique Lyonnais Eric (7) Kone, Mendes (3) Eric Kone-Mendes
Olympique de Marseille Laurent (8) Pérez, Camara, NDiaye (3) Laurent Pérez-Camara-NDiaye
FC Metz Philippe (8) NDiaye, Traoré (4) Philippe NDiaye-Traoré
AS Monaco Eric, Sébastien, Nicolas (7) Traoré (5) Eric-Sébastien-Nicolas Traoré
Montpellier HSC Nicolas (6) Passi (3) Nicolas Passi
FC Nantes Nicolas (6) Touré (5) Nicolas Touré
OGC Nice Anthony (7) Traoré (3) Anthony Traoré
Nîmes Olympique X X X X
Paris Saint-Germain Stephane (7) Traoré (3) Stephane Traoré
Stade de Reims Thomas (6) Fontaine, Sinibaldi (3) Thomas Fontaine-Sinibaldi
Stade Rennais Olivier, Stephane (7) Diallo, Diarra, Traoré (3) Olivier-Stephane Diallo-Diarra-Traoré
AS Saint-Étienne Laurent (7) Camara (3) Laurent Camara
Strasbourg Stephane, David (7) Santos (3) Stephane-David Santos
Toulouse Christophe, Mathieu (6) X Christophe-Mathieu X
Full List (including Ligue 2) & Discussion on /Ligue1

Italy

Club First Name Last Name Name
Atalanta BC Andrea, Giuseppe (14) X Andrea-Giuseppe X
Bologna FC 1909 Andrea (15) Ferrari (4) Andrea Ferrari
Brescia Andrea, Luca (14) Ferrari, Romano (3) Andrea-Luca Ferrari-Romano
Cagliari Marco (15) X Marco X
ACF Fiorentina Giuseppe, Marco (13) Manfredini, Orlando, Rizzo (3) Giuseppe-Marco Manfredini-Orlando-Rizzo
Genoa Francesco (18) X Francesco X
Hellas Verona Marco (17) Ferrari (4) Marco Ferrari
Inter Milan Giuseppe (25) Colombo, Sala (4) Giuseppe Colombo-Sala
Juventus Giuseppe (18) Rossi (5) Giuseppe Rossi
SS Lazio Roberto (14) X Roberto X
US Lecce Giuseppe (14) Di Chiara, Petrachi (3) Giuseppe Di Chiara-Petrachi
AC Milan Marco (19) X Marco X
SSC Napoli Roberto (14) Esposito, Ferrara, Fontana (3) Roberto Esposito-Ferrara-Fontana
Parma Calcio 1913 Marco, Alessandro (19) Ferrari (4) Marco-Alessandro Ferrari
AS Roma Marco, Paolo (16) Conti, Ferrari (4) Marco-Paolo Conti-Ferrari
Sampdoria Andrea (17) Ferrari (4) Andrea Ferrari
SPAL Marco (12) Vecchi (3) Marco Vecchi
Torino Alessandro, Giuseppe (16) Benedetti, López, Romano (3) Alessandro-Giuseppe Benedetti-López-Romano
Udinese Antonio, Marco (10) Santos (5) Antonio-Marco Santos

Spain

Club First Name Last Name Name
Atlético Madrid José (24) López, Diaz, Rodríguez (5) José López-Diaz-Rodríguez
Athletic Bilbao José (25) García (7) José García
Sevilla José (18) Silva, López (4) José Silva-López
Levante UD José (20) Rodríguez (5) José Rodríguez
Real Madrid José (28) Fernández (7) José Fernández
CA Osasuna Javier, José (11) García (12) Javier-José García
Deportivo Alavés Sergio (9) García (7) Sergio García
FC Barcelona José (18) García (8) José García
Granada Antonio (12) Pérez (5) Antonio Pérez
Valencia José (15) Navarro (5) José Navarro
Real Valladolid José (24) Fernández, García (6) José Fernández-García
Celta de Vigo José (13) Fernández (6) José Fernández
Real Sociedad José (16) Alonso (4) José Alonso
RCD Mallorca Juan (12) López (7) Juan López
Real Betis José (16) Fernández, Rodríguez, García (5) José Fernández-Rodríguez-García
Villarreal Javier (13) González (5) Javier González
Getafe David (10) Diaz (5) David Diaz
Eibar José (19) García (7) José García
RCD Espanyol José (23) López (7) José López
Leganés Carlos (9) García (6) Carlos García

Portugal

Club First Name Last Name Name
SL Benfica José (28) Pereira, Silva (10) José Pereira-Silva
SC Braga João (15) Silva, Santos (9) João Silva-Santos
FC Porto Carlos, Antonio (13) Pereira (13) Carlos-Antonio Pereira
Sporting CP X Tavares (2) X Tavares
Full List & Discussion on /PrimeiraLiga

Russia

Club Mode_First_Name Mode_Last_Name Mode_Name
FC Spartak Moscow Aleksandr (48) Ivanov (5) Aleksandr Ivanov
FC Lokomotiv Moscow Aleksandr (45) Kuznetsov (5) Aleksandr Kuznetsov
FC Zenit Saint Petersburg Sergei (20) Ivanov (6) Sergei Ivanov
PFC CSKA Moscow Sergei (33) Ivanov, Kuznetsov (4) Sergei Ivanov-Kuznetsov
Full List & Discussion on /RussianFootball

Netherlands

Club First Name Last Name Name
Ajax Wim, Jan (12) Keizer (4) Wim-Jan Keizer
PSV Eindhoven Jan (9) de Jong (5) Jan de Jong
Feyenoord Jan, Henk, John (7) X Jan-Henk-John X
Full List & Discussion on /Eredivisie

Turkey

Club First Name Last Name Name
Fenerbahçe SK Mehmet (9) Simsek (3) Mehmet Simsek
Trabzonspor X Demir, Yılmaz (4) X Demir-Yılmaz
Beşiktaş JK Ali, Gökhan (7) Özkan (3) Ali-Gökhan Özkan
Galatasaray SK Emre (9) Erdem (4) Emre Erdem

Scotland

Club First Name Last Name Name
Celtic John (53) Miller (7) John Miller
Rangers John (45) Ferguson (10) John Ferguson
Full List & Discussion on /ScottishFootball

United States + Canada

Club First Name Last Name Name
Los Angeles FC Carlos, Diego (2) Pérez (3) Carlos-Diego Pérez
Philadelphia Union Chris, Brian (5) Jones (3) Chris-Brian Jones
New York City X Mendoza (2) X Mendoza
Atlanta United George, Andrew, Chris (2) Martínez (2) George-Andrew-Chris Martínez
Seattle Sounders Michael (3) X Michael X
Minnesota United Thomas, Sam, Kevin (2) Ibarra (2) Thomas-Sam-Kevin Ibarra
San Jose Earthquakes Chris (7) X Chris X
Real Salt Lake Chris (8) Johnson, Martínez (3) Chris Johnson-Martínez
FC Dallas X Rodríguez (5) X Rodríguez
LA Galaxy David, Brian (7) González (4) David-Brian González
DC United Chris (8) Carroll (3) Chris Carroll
New York Red Bulls Chris, Mike (9) Álvarez, Hernández, Lewis (3) Chris-Mike Álvarez-Hernández-Lewis
Portland Timbers X Johnson (3) X Johnson
New England Revolution José (7) Brown, Smith (3) José Brown-Smith
Toronto Nick (5) X Nick X
Montreal Impact Eric (3) Choinière, González (2) Eric Choinière-González
Sporting Kansas City Matt, Chris, Kevin (6) X Matt-Chris-Kevin X
Orlando City SC X García, Sané (2) X García-Sané
Chicago Fire David (9) Johnson (5) David Johnson
Houston Dynamo Eric, Chris (4) Brown (3) Eric-Chris Brown
Columbus Crew SC Chris, Brian, Matt (7) Williams (5) Chris-Brian-Matt Williams
Colorado Rapids Chris, Matt (8) Brown (4) Chris-Matt Brown
Vancouver Whitecaps Michael, David (3) Davies (2) Michael-David Davies
FC Cincinnati X Walker (2) X Walker
Discussion on /MLS

Brazil

Club First Name Last Name Name
Flamengo Rodrigo (12) da Silva (21) Rodrigo da Silva
Santos Paulo (12) Santos (21) Paulo Santos
Corinthians Fabio (10) Santos (17) Fabio Santos
São Paulo José (14) da Silva (17) José da Silva
Palmeiras José (15) da Silva (23) José da Silva
Internacional Marcelo (12) da Silva (24) Marcelo da Silva
Grêmio Paulo (14) da Silva, Santos (18) Paulo da Silva-Santos
CR Vasco da Gama Paulo (14) da Silva (19) Paulo da Silva
Cruzeiro Rafael, José (10) Santos (17) Rafael-José Santos
Fluminense Carlos (10) Santos (17) Carlos Santos
Full List & Discussion on /Futebol

Belgium

Club First Name Last Name Name
Standard Liège Jonathan (7) Santos (3) Jonathan Santos
Club Brugge Ivan (5) X Ivan X
KAA Gent Thomas (5) NDiaye (3) Thomas NDiaye
KRC Genk Marco, Kevin, Igor (3) Gudjonsson, Peeters (3) Marco-Kevin-Igor Gudjonsson-Peeters
Royal Antwerp Kevin (5) X Kevin X
RSC Anderlecht Jan (7) Martens (3) Jan Martens
Cercle Brugge Kevin, Olivier (4) X Kevin-Olivier X

Switzerland

Club First Name Last Name Name
BSC Young Boys Alain, Marco, Martin (4) Burki, Sutter (3) Alain-Marco-Martin Burki-Sutter
FC Basel Marco, Walter (8) Ajeti, Boumelaha, Rahmen (3) Marco-Walter Ajeti-Boumelaha-Rahmen

Greece

Club First Name Last Name Name
PAOK Dimitris (15) X Dimitris X
Olympiacos Giorgos (12) Papadopoulos (5) Giorgos Papadopoulos
AEK Athens Christos (12) Vlachos (4) Christos Vlachos
Panathinaikos Nikos (17) X Nikos X

Argentina

Club First Name Last Name Name
San Lorenzo José (20) González (6) José González
Boca Juniors Juan (26) González (7) Juan González
Newell's Old Boys Juan (19) Rodríguez (6) Juan Rodríguez
Rosario Central José (19) González (10) José González
River Plate Juan (33) Fernández, Martínez (8) Juan Fernández-Martínez
Estudiantes de La Plata Juan (26) Fernández, González (7) Juan Fernández-González
Atlético Independiente Carlos (19) Martínez, Rodríguez (6) Carlos Martínez-Rodríguez
Racing Club de Avellaneda Juan (23) González (6) Juan González

Mexico

Club First Name Last Name Name
América Carlos, Luis (13) Sánchez (9) Carlos-Luis Sánchez
Tigres UANL Carlos (10) Hernández (6) Carlos Hernández
Monterrey Juan (11) X Juan X
Cruz Azul Carlos (15) Gutiérrez (6) Carlos Gutiérrez
Guadalajara José (16) X José X
Pumas UNAM José, Luis (8) López, Castro, Ramírez (5) José-Luis López-Castro-Ramírez
Full List & Discussion on /LigaMX

Insights

  • With 60 Johns, Sunderland are officially the club with the most Johns in the world, beating Stoke City (58), Liverpool (54), and Manchester United and Port Vale (53) to claim the title.
  • With 33 Juans, River Plate are officially the club with the most Juans in the world.
  • Port Vale are officially the Smithiest club in the world, with 23 men of that name having played for the club. The Jonesiest club in the world are Crewe Alexandra, with 20 Joneses.
  • Huddersfield Town are the only Paul club in the top two English divisions.
  • It's only fitting that the most common name in Bayern Munich's history is (Hans-)Thomas Müller. However, the club with the most Müllers in the top two German divisions is actually Dynamo Dresden (7) - and their most common name is also Thomas Müller!
  • Most of the most common French surnames are of African origin - particularly Traoré, Touré, and Camara. A more surprising one is Santos, which is the most common surname of Bordeaux and Strasbourg.
  • Though their fans probably winced at the name, Giuseppe Rossi turns out to be the most common set of names in Juventus's history.
  • Italian and German clubs seem to be (perhaps surprisingly) quite heterogeneous in terms of footballing names, with numbers of last name duplicates not exceeding 5 - an extremely low number compared to those of England and even Spain.
  • Brazil is filled with Santoses and da Silvas. All 21 Brazilian clubs analysed had one of those two surnames as their most common surnames.
Thank you for reading. Please feel free to correct any mistakes I made. I hope you found this interesting.
submitted by pastenague to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 08:43 AnecdotalSoup Anecdotes from the AFO (Ramon and Benjamin). I may have the translations of some phrases wrong. Source: "The Extradited: Benjamin Arellano Felix" written by Juan Carlos Reyna.

Emilio Valdez Mainero met Ramón Arellano at a posada before Christmas 1986 in the Lomas de Aguacaliente neighborhood. Fausto Soto Miller presented the interiors of a Cougar parked in double file, where they pulled to inhale white powder without Lina Literas, the first's girlfriend, knowing. In the passenger seat was Kitty Páez, whom Valdez Mainero had already met at a roast beef from Mexico Institute graduates in Chapultepec. The Mon wore a printed silk shirt and a mink coat, under which he wore a Guadalupano gold medallion; As he got out of the car to return to the party, he showed off some white denim shorts and tennis shoes. Valdez Mainero, who was the son of an austere colonel who had served on the Presidential General Staff, found the outfit ridiculous; However, something in him dazzled him: his insolence was covered by the fear he inspired in the rest of the guests. Soto Miller had warned him that he was crossing the mota to the other side and that his brother was running an organization of gangsters from Culiacán; He didn't say: “The bato is chill”, but he did say: “The bato always invites a few shots of champagne”. The Mon's brother, whom Soto Miller was allowed to refer to only as the Lord, directed the movement to the United States of shipments of up to 20 tons of marijuana a day. After the December anniversary, the heir to the presidential bodyguard began to entertain himself with his clique and, after a dizzying streak of revelry, he decided to work for the Mon. This is how he learned that his brother Benjamín Arellano Félix also crossed cocaine and distributed it in the corridor between San Diego and Los Angeles. The alkaloid was provided by Ismael Zambada García, who flew it from Colombia to the Pacific coast with the help of Amado Carrillo Fuentes, a heavy trafficker who operated alongside Rafael Aguilar Guajardo, leader of the Juárez Cartel.
On May 6, 1987, Ángel Gutiérrez was arrested along with the migration inspector José Barrón and Óscar Páez, Kitty's brother. Gutiérrez had seven days of having returned from Nimes, France, to California, where Julio César Chávez had defended his championship against the Brazilian Francisco Tomás Da Cruz. The DEA identified him as the operator of Javier Caro Payán, Manuel Aguirre Galindo, Jesús Labra Avilés and Benjamín Arellano Félix, who made up the council of leaders of the Tijuana Cartel. While the first three supplied marijuana to the organization, the fourth provided the transportation routes to California. On June 7, undercover federal agents arrested the first of those leaders in Montreal; Police accused Caro Payán of bringing 100 tons of Mexican marijuana into Canada. The San Diego prosecutor's office requested his extradition on September 4, accusing him of handing over $ 650,000 to Barrón for allowing the passage of 13 loaded trucks. Óscar Páez, on the other hand, was sentenced to two years in prison at the Federal Correctional Facility in Phoenix; There he met David Barrón Corona, who had no relationship with the customs inspector, but who recommended his brother to join the cartel's army as soon as he was released. The same day his brother was arrested, Kitty left his San Diego apartment and moved to the Mon house in El Paraíso, a subdivision where the offices of the weekly Zeta were also located.
On June 30 of that year, businessman Jorge Hank Rhon and directors of radio station 91X organized a music festival at the Caliente Racetrack. The Mex-Fest, according to the Los Angeles Times review, brought together 30,000 music lovers from both sides of the border. The concert was headlined by Oingo Boingo, The Bangles and Chris Issak, whom the Mon began to listen to on the recommendation of Soto Miller and whose songs he hummed alone while driving his Porsche Carrera of the year. On the day of the concert Valdez Mainero organized a party on the roof of his house, which was right in front of the stage, across the street from the racecourse. Despite the fact that it was Tuesday and the festival had ended before midnight, the makeshift terrace was packed with wealthy drug addicts living in Lomas de Aguacaliente and Chapultepec. The birote was interrupted at two in the morning by a patrol that came to answer the complaints of the neighbors. Evangelina Casillas Higuera, who was Mon's sentimental partner, heard Valdez Mainero say that people had to withdraw: "There is going to be a big problem with Ramón." She heard shots, ran to the exit and as she was outside she heard that her boyfriend had killed one of the policemen; he went on a raite with Lina Literas and did not see Mon until the next day, when he visited her smiling and hearty. Evangelina asked him about what had happened the night before; and he said: "Nothing, that some guests had gotten angry because the agents covered the concert and it was not possible to see". In her statement to the Southern District Court of California on May 27, 2003, she assured that until then she began to suspect that her boyfriend was engaged in illegal business.
On August 17, a month and a half after the Mex-Fest, Kitty Páez sponsored Ramón's fake wedding with Evangelina. El Mon had bought a fictitious marriage license from a judge at the town hall so that his girlfriend, who was 17 at the time, could leave the Instituto México (her high school), leave her parents' house (which was in Las Palmas, the same division of the school) and move to his in El Paraíso. Evangelina thought her in-laws were from Guadalajara, where she had made a fortune in the construction industry.
The following year Kitty Páez Martínez proposed to the Mon that he sponsor her wedding with Angélica Bustamante González, granddaughter of Alfonso Bustamante Labastida, owner of the Torres de Aguacaliente, and niece of Carlos Bustamante Anchondo, who would become mayor of Tijuana for the PRI in 2010. The in-laws found it suspicious that Kitty, who did not come from a wealthy family, owned a liquor store in Rosarito at 22 years old. However, they consented to the wedding (which was real) in March 1988. According to the chronicle of Anne Marie O'Connor published on July 28, 2002 in the Los Angeles Times, they got the also PRI member Federico Valdés to officiate it, municipal president at the time. At four and a half months Angélica gave birth to a pair of twins.
At the end of the summer, when Kitty was giving birth to their children, Mon and Evangelina went out to party with Valdez Mainero and his girlfriend Lina. They drank at Tillys, a bar on the second floor at the corner of Avenida Revolución and Calle Quinta. On the way out, a policeman stopped the Mon to ask him to please empty the contents of his beer bottle into a plastic cup. "You are not going to tell me where I am going to drink," he replied. The policeman offered him the plastic cup and Valdez Mainero, in anticipation of the inevitable, pulled the women toward the car and said: "Let's go." Evangelina heard a detonation that made her turn towards where the policeman was bleeding, covering the wound in his stomach, lying on the floor in the middle of the fleeing crowd. She saw her husband crawl and get on the motorcycle of the escort who always looked after him from afar. Valdez Mainero took his home. The Mon slept that day at the home of Min. Evangelina could not sleep and shortly before dawn she wondered if she should fear her husband. Months later, Evangelina asked the Mon to speak; This led her to an area in the Chapultepec neighborhood that was not yet urbanized, from where she could see the entire city. Minutes after arriving a patrol came to inspect them; The Mon rolled down the window and shouted: "Eleven eleven", then a police officer approached, answered: "Ten four" and left. The woman asked him what that had meant. The Mon replied that "eleven eleven" was a key to tell the police that he was "from the same team" and, therefore, everything was fine. Evangelina, who had summoned the Mon to question him about what happened at the Tillys and even at Valdez Mainero's house a year earlier, had no need to ask. The Mon revealed to him that his father crossed over to the United States a lot in the early 1970s, where he bought expensive liquors to sell to drug traffickers in Culiacán. That was how his brother Min had made friends with people like Rafael Caro and Amado Carrillo, but also with many policemen who now worked in Tijuana.
The Min transported 10 tons of cocaine per month for the Mayo Zambada from spring 1987 to summer 1988. He received the shipments from Mazatlán at an airstrip in San Felipe and crossed them into the United States in tanks that had previously been filled with propane. The alkaloid had been wrapped in the Colombian jungle with black rubber, like that of the inner tubes of bicycles; Upon arrival in Los Angeles, however, it was vacuum packed and in carbon paper. Arellano Félix's work was painstaking and meticulous. At that time, Mayo paid him $ 1,200 for each kilogram exported and proposed that he not only transport, but also associate with him in the importation and distribution of cocaine in the United States. He asked him to be the best man at the wedding of his daughter María Teresa Zambada Niebla and two years later to baptize his son Serafín Zambada Ortiz.
Ismael Higuera Guerrero, alias El Mayel, who had worked with the Fifth Month and was responsible for the daily operation of the cartel, received the merchandise in clandestine ports throughout the peninsula; Higuera Guerrero, also directed the transit of fishing vessels loaded with cocaine that left Colombia and landed in Ensenada. His brother Gilberto Higuera Guerrero, alias El Gilillo, was in charge of unloading the planes landed on clandestine runways in San Felipe and Valle de Guadalupe, after supervising the transfer of cargo along the Mexicali route. Efraín Pérez Pasuengo and Jorge Aureliano Félix, a former agent of the Judicial Police, supervised the daily operations in the Tijuana plaza.
On Sunday, January 1, 1989, the Min celebrated his two-time friend's 41st birthday at the renowned Club Britania in Tijuana. They were accompanied by Ramón, who was then 24 years old and six years old from working in his brother's business. The celebration was attended by drug traffickers from the rest of the squares and escorted by judges who worked in the administration of Xicoténcatl Leyva Mortera, governor who would be removed from office four days later. Armando López Esparza, alias El Rayo, appeared at the party on behalf of Chapo Guzmán, leader of the Sinaloa Cartel. The first had grown up with the second in the Badiraguato mountains and knew the brothers from when they lived in Culiacán. He used to run into them at Los Rebeldes, the jukebox scrap shop in the Guadalupe neighborhood.
El Rayo arrived at the christening drunk and accompanied by a woman. The policemen denied him entry, claiming that he had no invitation. The insults of Chapo's friend caused an uproar among the agents. Then the Mon went out to the parking lot, identified the Lightning, and heard him yelling. He walked over, drew his pistol, and shot his head off. Although there was no need, he shot her four times again as soon as she hit the ground, splattering blood on the companion's cleavage. Ramón, who was 1.88 meters tall and weighed 100 kilos, threw the body on his back and carried it to the pan of his picop. Then he threw it at the beginning of the road to Rosarito and returned to the party to convince his brother of the need to avoid revenge. Florentino, Rayo's brother, and the rest of the family had to be killed. El Mayo thought it was fine.
On January 1, 1989, Valdez Mainero went to the party that the Lord had organized for Mayo at the Britania Club, above Lomas de Aguacaliente. As he ate, he saw that the Mon got up from the table pissed off and walked towards the parking lot of the room. He was going slowly, but with a hardened jaw. Seeing his employer this excited, Valdez Mainero felt a shameful mixture of empowerment and humiliation: he had sold himself to a narcissist with bizarre tastes who exploded with a kind of lust, the same with which he wasted on motorcycles, clothes and women to his friends. (The price he had to pay was absolute submission.) He silenced the thought by downing his beer in one gulp and followed. Before reaching the door he heard a shot and felt a rush of adrenaline explode in his face. He unsheathed his 9mm Beretta and ran: on the way out he saw a bloody Texan on the floor and next to her boss shooting a man one, two, four times between the legs. Fifteen years later, when he entered the WITSEC program, Valdez Mainero declared that the Mon swore that Rayo López had kidnapped one of his sisters while he was living in Guadalajara. The Min denied this version.
Páez Martínez was not accompanied by his wife at the May party at Club Britania; He also did not see when the Mon shot Rayo in the parking lot, but he did help him plan the death of Florentino López Esparza on February 15, 1989, when Rayo's brother was escorted by municipal authorities before he was admitted to the Culiacán prison. This is how the Kitty followed the roll to the Mon, whom he made compadre despite the fact that he had killed the Nelo and chased Sandra, whom he revered for having taken him off the street and put him in the business. Páez Martínez felt fear and revulsion at the most violent of the Arellano Félix. He believed that he could take him on his own until the summer of 1989 he ordered him to kill the agent of the Public Ministry Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Moreno; Kitty was very fond of the Public Ministry agent, but if he did not break him, the Mon would take revenge against him. "Ramón doesn't give a shit that we're compadres," he told himself in a sudden outburst of obviousness. In November 1989 Evangelina gave birth in the United States. The Mon did not appear at the delivery of his daughter, nor did he limit his campaign of executions. Some of the executions were not authorized by the Min or by his brother Eduardo, who had just arrived from Guadalajara to join the company. Güalín, which is what his brothers called him (Doctor is what the subordinates should call him), was something like the producer of the Tijuana film: he got the properties that would be used as safe houses or warehouses, he negotiated the acquisition of police uniforms , acquired weapons and automobiles for the company. The Doctor also participated in giving the green light to the enemies, which is what they called the permission to kill the rivals of the cartel. Most of the communication between the brothers, at the behest of the Doctor, was exclusively through radio frequency; he assigned himself the code 13 and when he communicated with the Min he announced: "Code thirteen to seventy-seven", with the Mon he said: "Code thirteen to ninety-nine." Gerardo Juárez Biberos, his bodyguard from 1989 to 1997, told the WITSEC program that the Doctor was nervous and apprehensive: "He made this strange noise with his mouth," he said. Every time he failed an execution he coughed and cleared his throat, mortified as if his air were being cut off. When I commented on this statement, the Min was upset and assured that Eduardo had proven to be together with Ramón the bravest of all the members of the company, including his brothers. After being apprehended defending himself with bullets on October 26, 2008 in a house in Chapultepec and being extradited on September 1, 2012, Güalín, as his brothers nicknamed him, was the only member of the cartel who did not testify. against him or anyone.
Evangelina Casillas Higuera did testify on May 27, 2003 against the Minister. In her statement to the Southern District Court of California, she identified her brother-in-law's partners: Chuy Labra, Mayo Zambada, Mayel Higuera and Caballo Aguirre, as well as Amado Carrillo Fuentes and Rafael Aguilar Guajardo. She claimed to know her mother, Alicia, whom she nicknamed Mama Licha, including the siblings who were not involved in the business. Luis Fernando, son of Norma Isabel Arellano Félix, said that she had been involved in the company of her uncles since she was a teenager. Evangelina stated that when Mayo worked with Min, Ramón traveled to Mexicali at the request of his brother. Evangelina was about to give birth, but she accompanied him. The Mon spent the night at a ranch owned by the Mayo and the next day he picked up his wife at the Hotel Lucerna. He did not get out of the car, his clothes were dirty, torn and smelled a lot of sweat. The Mon started the car and told him that as soon as his daughter was born, they would have to move to Guadalajara. In her statement, Evangelina reported that in early 1990, a week after moving in with the newborn, Victoria Barrionuevo visited her. The wife of her brother-in-law Pancho was very angry because she had discovered that her husband was unfaithful to her with Rocío Lizárraga Lizárraga, a puberty of 17 who on February 2 of that year would become Queen of the Mazatlan Carnival. Pancho, who had already entered forty, had withdrawn all financial support to force her to divorce. Victoria was pissed off: he had helped her get off the ground in the drug trade in the late 1970s and that was how Pancho thanked her. Evangelina testified that Victoria ranted about how involved the Min and the Mon were in drug trafficking. He also revealed that the López Esparza brothers were his enemies because Rayo, who was a protégé of Chapo Guzmán, had kidnapped one of his sisters in 1980. The López Esparzas' father ordered the woman's release the following week because he did not he wanted trouble with the Arrellano Félix. However, that did not prevent the Mon from taking revenge nine years later and, consequently, El Chapo had a pretext to fight the place against the Min.
On the morning of February 26, 1990, Benjamín Arellano Félix and Ismael Zambada García were machine-gunned by a commando who was traveling in two Suburban Federal Police. The Min had proposed to meet at the Lavamática Campestre in the Rio Zone, where the Mayo arrived with two bodyguards who occupied the back seats of the armored Grand Marquis that the friend, partner and host, was driving alone. Why should he carry a driver if he was so good at driving?
The Min left the car running, as he always did when he met to discuss business. He saw the vans slow down in the middle of the street and his crewmen get off quickly, pointing semi-automatic rifles at them at half a meter. He pulled the Mayo by the head, yelled at him: "Get down, buddy," and watched as a burst of shots smashed through the bulletproof glass. The guards tried to go out to repel the shooting, but the Min locked the door lock, accelerated in first gear and as he could, he crossed both Suburbans. He maneuvered toward the Fast Track, where they were still followed; he felt the cart buckle as if it were floating on a rough tide, but he stepped on the Marquis, righted it, and managed to lose them in the November 20 neighborhood. There he took the first street to his right, went into a passage and cornered what was left of the boat; the defense was broken and the tires, despite the foam that protected them, were smashed. The four of them came down fast, then jumped a fence; one of the gunmen took Zambada away, the other accompanied the Min to arrest a motorist who heard him in shock: "Take us to the boulevard."
The four met an hour later in the house that the compadre, despite being in Sinaloa, had in the Hipódromo neighborhood. The Min ordered his boys to be brought in and they pulled them all to Playas, where Commander Fulvio Jiménez Turegano lived. Other vans began to follow them as they approached the home, but no one wanted to start another wax bullet. The commander received them with a broken face and took them into the room. The Min told him: "If you want to kill us, we are here so it doesn't get complicated for you." The policeman dropped onto the couch: "I didn't do it, it must have been a mistake." Then there was an uneasy silence. And then he asked for their forgiveness. The Min, then, said goodbye not without first reminding him to be attentive "because here there was only a boss. And, if he didn't understand, he was going to be fucked and the rest of the federals attached to Tijuana.
Three days later, Jiménez Turegano called Benjamín Arellano Félix by cell phone. He offered him a rapprochement with the heads of the other five companies that controlled drug trafficking in Mexico. El Min moved up to two tons of cocaine a day and, together with Labra Avilés and Aguirre Galindo, had managed to weave a network to operate in complicity with officials and politicians on both sides of the border. Surely someone wanted to take over his route.
After the shooting in front of Lavamática Campestre, Arellano Félix spoke by phone with Rafael Aguilar Guajardo, former regional commander of the DFS and now head of the company that operated in Juárez. At first, his counterpart assured him that neither he nor the rest were aware that El Chapo had ordered the attack. None of the leaders wanted to put a finger on him and the Min felt that they were covering up the Sinaloan capo. He remembered the meetings in the lavish bungalows of Acapulco or in the opulent restaurants of Mexico City, where he had been invited and in which he heard the advice of the friendship of this or that to be able to kill him even after learning to work his place. Very soon he gave up seeing them in a group; He looked at them separately, inside his armored Marquis and only when necessary. Because he was also moving cocaine for his interlocutor, he hinted to Aguilar Guajardo that it would be convenient for him to take care of himself, "or do you think they won't look for you after me?" For now Arellano Félix would take revenge against Guzmán Loera, "your compadre, just because he seems to be the least attentive." The next day Aguilar Guajardo called him on the phone to let him know that El Chapo had confessed that yes, that he was the one who had ordered the accounts to be settled. "Sure he got mad because I said he was the least attentive," thought the Min, and then he laughed self-absorbed.
From 1989 to 1992 the Min consolidated control of all transfer routes to California and Arizona. To get the business off the ground even more, he paid a payroll made up of officials from both sides of the border: attorneys and deputy attorneys, federal commanders and state group leaders, members of the Mexican military, and US customs inspectors. Arellano Félix believed that the bites brought order to the plaza, while also offering government officials an opportunity to "truly win". If they committed themselves to facilitating, protecting and promoting the operations of the company, they would earn a remuneration complementary to their salaries more than profitable. Prosecutors, agents, police officers, and soldiers obeyed the Lord's orders: they watched the arrival of shipments of cocaine and marijuana in the Mexicali desert, in the Guadalupe Valley, and on the San Felipe beach. They escorted Gilillo Higuera not once, but every time so that he could take the shipments in peace to the warehouses that the Doctor had acquired in Mexicali.
Every year and a half, when there was a change of directors in the PGR, the Min was introduced to the incoming commander by the outgoing one. The Min gave him $ 500,000 as a welcome gift. The gift was repeated every month, as were deliveries of $ 250,000 to the squad leaders and the director of the Judicial Police. Division directors received regular payments of $ 200,000 every eight weeks. This was the case of Enrique Harari Garduño, former director of the Federal Preventive Police, who was arrested on August 17, 2000. The official would die for unknown reasons four years later, three months after being released from Cefereso. The delegates and sub-delegates of the PGR were the only ones who did not receive a monthly fee, but one-time payments of up to one million dollars. This was the case with Guillermo Robles Liceaga, who was shot on May 1, 2002 while driving through the Interior Circuit in Mexico City; He was ambushed by two Jettas and a motorcycle on his way to the Ministry of Public Security, where he served as director of Mixed Operations. The Min established a similar relationship with high-ranking members of the military, who were paid $ 250,000 a month. Declarations of other witnesses indicate that this is the case of General Alfredo Navarro Lara, who was imprisoned on March 17, 1997, accused of wanting to bribe General José Luis Chávez, then in charge of the PGR, with a million dollars.
According to Páez Martínez, Arellano Félix maintained this bribery model throughout the 1990s. Kitty was busy with Chuy Labra to negotiate with government officials; Mayel Higuera, who was the strategist and coordinator of the transfer operations, connected the Ministry with police and advanced military. El Mayel ended up winning the place that Javier Caro had before his arrest and continued as operative chief until May 3, 2000: at dawn that day he would be arrested "fortuitously" by the army, according to the note published by El Universal. He was drunk and shot a Goat Horn into the air in a house behind the Autonomous University of Baja California, in Ensenada.
The Min's word was the last as to who could or could not cross non-company shipments. The cartel had control of the routes and without the approval of the Lord, the disrespectful risked being assassinated by the narcojuniors. Arellano Félix received a request from Emilio Valdez Mainero in early 1992: Miguel Ángel Bazán Padilla wanted to cross remittances of mota through Tijuana. José Albino Bazán Padilla's brother, captured on April 4, 1985 in Costa Rica along with Rafael Caro Quintero, had bought a ranch in the Eastern Zone to store the merchandise. After dictating the charge for the floor fee, the Min told him: "Go and let him know that he has the approval." When Valdez Mainero arrived at the farm, he noticed that they were unloading about 500 kilos of coca. The narcojunior experienced a heat in his forehead and his pulse quickened; He saw Ramón maddened in his head, pointing his gun with its golden handles. He asked to speak to the boss, who received him in a makeshift hut at the back of the property: "The product is from Amado Carrillo," Bazán Padilla snapped without greeting him. I think that with his permission is enough, right? "
Three days later the Mon passed by him to his house next to the Hipódromo taqueria. She led him to a corner in the La Mesa neighborhood, where a black Grand Marquis picked them up. Already climbed, he noticed that the Min was driving, Ismael Zambada was the co-pilot and in the back seat was a bearded man who he did not recognize. They saw him without greeting him. El Mayo played a recording on the boat's cassette player: Bazán Padilla asked Chapo Guzmán for permission to eliminate the narcojuniors Emilio and Gabriel Valdez Mainero. Then the Mayo put on another recording: Emilio urged Bazán Padilla to desist from moving coca without permission. The Min watched him silently for 30 to 40 seconds. "The only reason these gentlemen have not killed you - (he warned, pointing to the rest) - is the second recording you just heard." El Mayo then intervened: "Whose product is it?" Valdez Mainero stumbled that of Amado Carrillo Fuentes. Suddenly the man in the back seat of the Marquis leaned over and articulated slowly, looking into his eyes: "I am Amado Carrillo Fuentes." Before asking him to get off the Marquis, Zambada informed the narcojunior that he had permission to kill Bazán Padilla. The Mon promised in front of the chiefs that he would help him.
Six days later, a hooded commando, disguised in military uniforms and distributed in three vans, picked up Valdez Mainero. All three were equipped to store Goat Horns and grenades in their rear boxes, in addition to the passengers. The narcojunior recognized the Mon by his high-pitched voice; He did not know who was in the group for the ski masks, with the exception of his childhood friends the brothers Alfredo and Alejandro Hodoyán Palacios; plus Fabián Martínez, another young man from the Mexico Institute who was nicknamed Jaws. They went to a warehouse in La Libertad, where they saw Bazán Padilla and his gunmen get into two pickup trucks. The commando stopped them a block and a half from the warehouse: they pointed their guns at the gunmen forcing them to fall to the ground and yelled at Bazán Padilla to come down slowly because the Commander wanted to talk to him. They put him in the van that the Mon manned with Valdez Mainero. They started off, but the Hodoyán and El Tiburon kept pointing their guns at the gunmen on the ground.
The next morning, while drinking orange juice at the Chapultepec house, the Min read in the newspaper that Bazán Padilla, a member of the Sinaloa Cartel, had been found dead along with a dozen gunmen: federal agents had seized three tons of cocaine and one of marijuana. The Min put down the newspaper without finishing reading the note and got on the treadmill. An hour and a half later, he was seen with Mayo and Amado Carrillo in another armored Gran Marquis, but this time blue. Valdez Mainero arrived at the meeting without the Mon and got on the car waving everyone's hands. He informed them that he had recovered two tons of marijuana from the dead man's ranch. The Min told him: "Keep them, sell them and keep them as a reward."
On November 7, 1992, a day before he turned 40, Benjamín Arellano Félix traveled to Puerto Vallarta to take a vacation while the business was cooling (Fulvio Jiménez Turegano had seized four shipments). El Min landed in a private jet and his brothers Pancho, Mon and Javier arrived separately: one from Mazatlán, the others from Tijuana. All were distributed in three complexes around Playa Las Glorias. El Gualín waited for everyone to arrive to fly with his guards from Mexicali. Fifty of the Min's boys arrived between the 5th and 6th of that month, including Mayel and his brother Gilillo. The Kitty waited to travel with the Doctor. Valdez Mainero had not been invited. The following day, the Min received his second wife Ruth Serrano Corona and their two minor children, who had flown on a plane belonging to their compadre, at the Las Palmas Hotel. Despite the fact that they had prepaid the rooms, the Min told his family that they would not be staying at the hotel; He moved them to a huge bungalow with its own private pier and beach not far from there, where he spent the afternoon with his children collecting shells in the sand.
submitted by AnecdotalSoup to NarcoFootage [link] [comments]


2020.08.13 19:24 marilynmansonsbitch Boyfriend sold his car, new owner running up tickets in his name.

So my boyfriend sold his car over Facebook back in May. The new owner of the car lives about 2 hours north in Los Angeles, we are in San Diego. He never registered any information or transferred anything over to his name through the DMV. Throughout the month of July, we have recieved 10 separate tickets from this person going through a toll without paying. My boyfriend is getting all of the tickets because the car is still in his name. What can we do? We have tried to reach out to this person several times to try and come to a solution, but each time we’ve gotten blocked. I feel like we should go to the police, but that seems extreme.
submitted by marilynmansonsbitch to legaladvice [link] [comments]


2020.08.03 03:38 ANIKAHirsch Male Criminals Currently Being Housed or Seeking Placement in Women’s Prison

This list is compiled from multiple sources. Every name on this list represents a male criminal currently being housed or seeking placement in women’s prison. To my knowledge, this is the most complete and accurate list of its kind which currently exists. This list does not include TIM (Trans Identified Male) criminals seeking sex-reassignment surgery or other accommodations in prison, unless they are also seeking re-placement in a woman's facility. Nor does it include TIMs who have been released from prison, even if they were housed in a women’s facility while incarcerated.
I’ve listed these results by defendant’s given name, headline, and online source.

These names are compiled from GenderCritical

Matthew Harks
Convicted Pedophile Back in Custody After Federal Government Revokes Supervision Order
(https://globalnews.ca/news/5111924/madilyn-harks-pedophile-custody-federal-government/)

Jean Paul Aubee
Transgender Inmate Wins Transfer to Women’s Prison
(https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/fallon-aubee-transgender-inmate-1.4215594)

Hayden Patterson (It is unclear if this the defendant’s given name.)
Trans Woman Objects to Contract Requiring Her to Act Female to Stay in B.C. Women’s Prison
(https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2019/04/26/trans-woman-objects-to-contract-requiring-her-to-act-female-to-stay-in-bc-womens-prison.html)

Curtis Gordon Dawkins
Judge Grants Killer Enhanced Credit for Time Served as Transgender Women in All-Male Toronto Jail
(https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2018/11/06/judge-grants-convicted-killer-credit-for-time-served-as-transgender-women-in-all-male-toronto-jail.html)

Defendant not named
Transgender Prisoner Investigated for Sexual Assault Behind Bars
(https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/crime/112432880/transgender-prisoner-investigated-for-sexual-assault-behind-bars)

Zayre-Brown (First name is not given.)
Activists Call on NC Gov. Roy Cooper to Transfer Kanautica Zayre-Brown to a Women’s Detention Facility
(https://www.theroot.com/activists-call-on-nc-gov-roy-cooper-to-transfer-kanaut-1833713073?utm_medium=sharefromsite&utm_source=theroot_copy&utm_campaign=bottom&/setsession)

Deon Hampton
Transgender Woman Moves to Women’s Prison
(https://week.com/news/2018/12/28/transgender-woman-moves-to-womens-prison/)

Andre Patterson
Transgender Pontiac Inmate Wants Transfer to Women’s Prison
(https://hoiabc.com/news/top-stories/2019/02/26/transgender-pontiac-inmate-wants-transfer-to-womens-prison/)
An earlier article on Andre Patterson details his charges:
17-Year-Old Inmate Charged With Murder After Argument
(https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-2006-12-07-0612070365-story.html)
The ACLU has filed a lawsuit on the behalf of him and of five other men in this list for placement in women’s prisons. He is named “Janiah Monroe” in the ACLU’s lawsuit.
(https://www.aclu.org/cases/monroe-v-rauner)

Diego Melendez
Charged with murder and aggravated battery with a firearm:
(https://www.idoc.state.il.us/subsections/search/inms_print.asp?idoc=M28932)
The ACLU has filed a lawsuit on his behalf.

Gregory Stamps
Charged with aggravated domestic battery and attempted murder:
(https://www.idoc.state.il.us/subsections/search/inms_print.asp?idoc=M41858)
The ACLU has filed a lawsuit on his behalf.

Eric D Padilla
Man Faces 30 Years in Stabbing Incident
(https://www.theintelligencer.com/news/article/Man-faces-30-years-in-stabbing-incident-10465829.php)
He is a registered sex offender:
(https://www.homefacts.com/offender-detail/ILE04B1446/Eric-D-Padilla.html)
He is named “Lydia Helena Vision” in the ACLU’s lawsuit.

Jordan Kuykendall
Kuykendall Seeks Reduction in Murder Sentence
(http://www.republictimes.net/kuykendall-seeks-reduction-in-murder-sentence/)
The ACLU has filed a lawsuit on his behalf.

Fadell Reed
Charged with aggravated criminal sexual assault, with the victim being over the age of 60:
(https://www.rapsheets.org/illinois/doc-prisoneREED_FADELL/M38260)
The ACLU has filed a lawsuit on his behalf.

Douglas Perry
Transgender Defense: ‘Donna’ Says ‘Doug’ Is the Spokane Serial Killer
(https://abcnews.go.com/Health/transgender-woman-male-persona-serial-killestory?id=22959423)
Cellmate of Transgender Murder Suspect Says Donna Perry Claimed to Have Killed Dozens
(https://www.spokesman.com/stories/2017/jun/23/cellmate-of-transgender-murder-suspect-says-donna-/)

Douglas C Farmer
Transgendered Woman Tried to Fake Death
(https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/bs-xpm-2007-01-18-0701180017-story.html)

Martin Ponting
RAPE MENACE MOVED Transgender Rapist Moved to Women’s Jail Put in Segregation After Making ‘Unwanted Advances’ on Other Lags
(https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/4400327/transgender-rapist-womens-prison/)

Kristoffer Johansson
Sweden: Man Who Killed and Dismembered His Ex-Girlfriend Transitions, Wants to Transfer To Women’s Prison
(https://old.reddit.com/GenderCritical/comments/9ibumx/its_spreadingin_sweden_a_man_who_murdered_and/e6jiufq/)
This is a translation of this article:
Är Man Mindre Farlig Bara För Att Man Bytt Kön?
(https://www.expressen.se/ledare/sofie-lowenmark/ar-man-mindre-farlig-bara-for-att-man-bytt-kon/)

Karl Booth Amati
From Privileged Upbringing to Triple Attempted Axe Murderer
(https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/relationships/family-friends/from-privileged-upbringing-to-triple-attempted-axe-murderenews-story/336cfecbe0fee4d61eb0c2531dd0e919)

Richard Masbruch
Transwoman in Women’s Prison Sexually Assaulted Female Inmates, Victims and Families Received No Media Support
(https://www.reddit.com/GenderCritical/comments/40z5ot/why_dont_radical_feminists_talk_about_this/)

These names are from The Politics of Gender blog article “Sex Reassignment Surgery and Women’s Prisons”
(https://thepoliticsofgender.wordpress.com/2015/11/19/sex-reassignment-surgery-and-womens-prisons/)

Sylvain Veilleux
Man, Set to Become a Woman, Poses Problem for Quebec Prison Authorities
(https://archive.is/CR0hK#selection-1163.0-1163.8)

Luis Morales
Gender Identity Watch: Synthia China Blast
(https://genderidentitywatch.com/2014/08/24/synthia-china-blast-srlp-lavernecox-usa/)

David Wesley Birrell
Lawsuit Asks State to Pay for Inmate's Sex-Change Operation
(https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2011-apr-20-la-me-prisons-transgender-20110420-story.html)

Robert Kosilek
Judge Orders Sex Change for Massachusetts Murder Convict
(https://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/judge-orders-sex-change-massachusetts-murder-convict-article-1.1151596)

Christopher Grey
Transgendered Inmate Demands Sex Change
(https://archive.is/M10UA#selection-2615.0-2615.39)

Phillip Trujillo
Transgendered Inmate Demands Sex Change
(https://archive.is/M10UA#selection-2615.0-2615.39)

Roger Miles
Crosby v. Reynolds, 763 F. Supp. 666 (D. Me. 1991)
(https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/1586075/crosby-v-reynolds/)

Peter Laing
Sadistic Killer Who Was Born a Man But Sent to a Female Prison for Murder Because he Identified as a Woman Only to be Moved for Sleeping With Inmate is Set for £20,000 Sex-Change Operation Paid for by YOU
(https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5825085/Sadistic-transgender-killer-Paris-Green-set-20-000-sex-change-operation.html)

Raymond Aaron David
Transgender Woman Tara Hudson Moved to Female Prison
(https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-34675778)

Jaris Lovado
Transgender Inmate Transferred From All-Male Kamloops Jail to Female Correctional Centre
(https://infotel.ca/newsitem/transgender-inmate-transferred-from-all-male-kamloops-jail-to-female-correctional-centre/it24742)

Stuart Kelly
Trans Crime UK: Katelyn Findlay
(http://transcrimeuk.com/2017/10/30/kateyln-findlay/)

Richard Chaperon
Synthia Kavanagh (1962 - ) Sex Worker, Inmate
(https://zagria.blogspot.com/2009/11/synthia-kavanagh-1962-sex-worker-inmate.html#.XPbv8S2ZPow)

Follet (First name is not given.)
Jade Follett and No Pride In Prisons
(https://genderidentitywatch.com/2015/08/28/jade-follett-no-pride-in-prisons-noprisonpride-new-zealand/)

Peter Rogers
Debbie Vincent: Former Soldier Turned Animal Rights Extremist Jailed for Six Years
(https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/10772486/Debbie-Vincent-Former-soldier-turned-animal-rights-extremist-jailed-for-six-years.html)

Young (First name is not given.)
Transgender woman guilty of Alan Williamson murder
(https://archive.is/C3QK8#selection-2071.0-2071.50)

Douglas Wakefield
Sex-Swap Lag's Wedding Chop
(https://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/latest-news/293991/Sex-swap-lag-s-wedding-chop)

Glenn Nelson
20 Years After Leslie Nelson Shooting, Haddon Heights Police Grieve, Reflect, Rededicate Themselves
(http://www.njpen.com/20-years-after-leslie-nelson-shooting-haddon-heights-police-grieve-reflect-rededicate-themselves/)

Rodney Quine
In a First, California Agrees to Pay for Transgender Inmate's Sex Reassignment
(https://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-inmate-transgender-20150810-story.html)

David Cross
Armed Robber has Sex Change
(https://www.irishtimes.com/news/armed-robber-has-sex-change-1.1110904)

Alan Baker
Violent Inmate Who Tortured his Step-Mother's Brother then Boasted About Freebies in Prison is Given £10,000 Sex Change on the NHS
(https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2383992/Violent-inmate-Alan-Baker-given-10-000-sex-change-NHS.html)

These names are from The Politics of Gender blog article “The Case of Prison Transition”
(https://thepoliticsofgender.wordpress.com/2015/11/19/the-case-of-prison-transition/)

Leslie Richards
Sex-change Inmate Leslie 'Krista' Richard Pleads 'Let Me Wear Women's Clothes’
(https://www.theaustralian.com.au/archive/news/sex-change-inmate-leslie-krista-richard-pleads-let-me-wear-womens-clothes/news-story/da07d2c4392120ef968fff256d5ce782)

Edward Brunetta
Transgender Woman Sues County, Claims Jailhouse Sex Assault
(https://www.seacoastonline.com/article/20150205/NEWS/150209502/101019/NEWS?rssfeed=true)

Maikobi Shawn Burks
Maikobi Shawn Burks v. Elgin Mental Health Center (USA)
(https://genderidentitywatch.com/2013/12/09/maikobi-shawn-burks-v-elgin-mental-health-center-usa/)

These names are from the Tumblr blog transgender-harms-women
(https://auntiewanda.tumblr.com/post/160736823401/hi-do-you-know-of-any-resourcesarticles-about)

Stevens (First name is not given.)
Victim’s Family Hopes California Won’t Pay For Murderer’s Sex Change
(https://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2011/06/06/convicted-murderer-wants-california-to-pay-for-sex-change/)

Mark Brooks
PENILE SYSTEM – Judge Rules for Killer’s Sex Change; ‘$NIPPY’ Inmate Wants You to Pay for Sex Change
(https://nypost.com/2003/07/17/penile-system-judge-rules-for-killers-sex-change-nippy-inmate-wants-you-to-pay-for-sex-change/)

Druley (First name is not given.)
Parole is Denied for BA Man, Tulsa Transsexual
(https://www.tulsaworld.com/archive/parole-is-denied-for-ba-man-tulsa-transsexual/article_18883794-47e5-5d47-ba93-382f3d3fbeb0.html)

Paul Daniel Raynal
Gender Identity Watch: San Francisco County Jail Sheriff Ross Mirkarimi
(https://genderidentitywatch.com/2015/09/10/san-francisco-county-jail-sheriff-ross-mirkarimi-ross_mirkarimi-sheriffsf-nclrights-usa/)

Daniel Carlson
Idaho Transgender Woman Arrested in Naked, Gender ID Bomb Plot
(https://www.foxnews.com/us/idaho-transgender-woman-arrested-in-naked-gender-id-bomb-plot)

These cases were found on the blog Ninjapundit, article “Transgender Suspects”
(https://ninjapundit.blogspot.com/2016/05/transgender-suspects.html)

Derek Sinden
Transsexual Killer Derek Sinden Found Guilty of Violent Robbery of Woman, 82
(https://www.couriermail.com.au/news/queensland/transsexual-killer-derek-sinden-found-guilty-of-violent-robbery-of-woman-82/news-story/1c4cfd77d35a7efe3bdad796b9eaf06f)

Sean Paul Gossman
Adrian man gets 7 years in federal child porn case
(https://www.lenconnect.com/article/20140420/News/140418764)

Meriwether (First name is not given.)
A Federal Judge Ruled the Rights of a Transsexual…
(https://www.upi.com/Archives/1986/01/10/A-federal-judge-ruled-the-rights-of-a-transsexual/6294505717200/)

A (Full name is not given.)
Transsexual Prisoner Wins Right to be in Female Prison
(https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/law-and-orde6138325/Transsexual-prisoner-wins-right-to-be-in-female-prison.html)

Defendant not named
Heated Debate as Transgender Girl, 16, Born Male, is Sent to Women’s Prison
(https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2616992/Heated-debate-transgender-girl-16-born-male-sent-womens-prison.html)

Martin (First name not given.)
Gender Identity Watch: Los Angeles Times
(https://genderidentitywatch.com/2015/09/07/los-angeles-times-latimes-usa/)
(https://www.inmateaid.com/inmate-profiles/centia-renee-martin)

These cases were found on the Wordpress blog Wolf Woman of the Northern Woods article titled “Trans Identified Male Sexual Offenses and Violent Crimes”
(https://wolfwomanofnorth.wordpress.com/tag/womens-prison/)

Gary Dean
“Dangerous” Transgender Perv Spied on Young Girls…Now Demands Access to Women’s Prison
(https://www.womenarehuman.com/transgender-perv-spied-on-young-girls-then-demanded-access-to-womens-prison-marie-dean-nee-gary-dean-marie/)

Prisoner not named
Female prisoner challenges trans policy after assault by male
(https://www.christian.org.uk/news/female-prisoner-challenges-trans-policy-after-assault-by-male/)

These names were found from other sources

Bilyk (First name is not given.)
Living Nightmare for Transgender Inmate at All-Male Prison
(https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/12/13/living-nightmare-for-transgender-inmate-at-all-male-prison.html)

Anthony Joe Thannisch
Parole is Denied for BA Man, Tulsa Transsexual
(https://www.tulsaworld.com/archive/parole-is-denied-for-ba-man-tulsa-transsexual/article_18883794-47e5-5d47-ba93-382f3d3fbeb0.html)

Avery Edison (It is unclear if this the defendant’s given name.)
Transgender Woman Avery Edison Returns to the UK After Being Held in a Men's Canadian Prison
(https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/transgender-woman-avery-edison-returns-to-the-uk-after-being-held-in-a-mens-canadian-prison-9130637.html)

Peter Langan
Equality Case Files: 7:16-cv-00054 #102
(http://files.eqcf.org/cases/716-cv-00054-102/)

Thompson (First name is not given.)
Equality Case Files: 7:16-cv-00054 #102
(http://files.eqcf.org/cases/716-cv-00054-102/)

Darnell Nash
Equality Case Files: 7:16-cv-00054 #102
(http://files.eqcf.org/cases/716-cv-00054-102/)

Andre Saunders
Equality Case Files: 7:16-cv-00054 #102
(http://files.eqcf.org/cases/716-cv-00054-102/)

Donald Collins
Equality Case Files: 7:16-cv-00054 #102
(http://files.eqcf.org/cases/716-cv-00054-102/)

Sandoval (First name is not given.)
Equality Case Files: 7:16-cv-00054 #102
(http://files.eqcf.org/cases/716-cv-00054-102/)

Jorey Lee Brewis
Kristina Olvera Says She is a Woman. The Prison System Says He is a Man.
(https://www.wweek.com/portland/article-22429-kristina-olvera-says-she-is-a-woman-the-prison-system-says-he-is-a-man.html)

Luis Espinoza
Still in Danger: The Ongoing Threat of Sexual Violence Against Transgender Prisoners
(http://www.ncdsv.org/images/stillindanger.pdf)

I found two additional cases in a Google search for “male criminal moved to women’s prison”

Stephen Terrence Wood (name later changed to David Thompson)
Karen White: How 'Manipulative' Transgender Inmate Attacked Again
(https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/oct/11/karen-white-how-manipulative-and-controlling-offender-attacked-again-transgender-prison)

Defendant not named
In Groundbreaking Development, Incarcerated Transgender Woman is Transferred from Men’s to Women’s Prison in MA
(https://www.glad.org/post/in-groundbreaking-development-incarcerated-transgender-woman-is-transferred-from-mens-to-womens-prison-in-ma/)
submitted by ANIKAHirsch to IAMALiberalFeminist [link] [comments]


2020.07.05 22:01 autotldr Overwhelmed Southern California transferring coronavirus patients to Bay Area hospitals — Stanford and UCSF are among the hospitals treating COVID-19 patients from Imperial County along the Mexican border — At least 500 patients have been transported out of Imperial County during the pandemic.

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 83%. (I'm a bot)
For years, the company has helped the state move patients from hospital to hospital, flying people who had suffered bad heart attacks or traumatic injuries that required more care than the county's two hospitals could provide to places like San Diego or Palm Springs.
According to the California Emergency Medical Services Authority, at least 15 people have been moved from Imperial to hospitals in the Bay Area.
The process of transporting patients isn't new to hospitals and health care workers, and California has a process in place for figuring out who should go where.
With the number of coronavirus cases across the Golden State soaring above 237,000 and hospitals in Imperial County at capacity - and with nearby hospitals in Riverside and Los Angeles also filling quickly - the system has been tested as never before.
At least 500 patients have been transported out of Imperial County during the pandemic.
As hospitals in the Bay Area prepare to accept more transfer patients, they're also trying to balance the need to provide specialty care.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: hospital#1 care#2 patient#3 County#4 state#5
Post found in /CoronavirusCA, /Coronavirus, /California, /bayarea, /californianews and /CoronavirusUS.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.06.14 03:52 Bammerice Thinking of switching from Verizon to Mint

Hi there! So currently, I'm on a plan with my family which has an assload of lines where I'm currently paying around $40/month for unlimited talk, text, and data which is great. However, my android (LG V30) is 2.5 years old and it's time for an upgrade since the screen is cracked and the battery doesn't last like it used to. The issue is, all the androids on the Verizon "upgrade" section are in the range of basically $800+. I'm currently a medical student about to start rotations, and I just don't need that expensive of a phone when I'm going to be in the hospitals most of the day, so I really just need an affordable phone with a long-ass battery to get through a day at the hospital, and I mainly use my phone for taking pics, and med school stuff (along with the usual texting and looking up sports scores). So the way I see it is I can either upgrade with Verizon and pay $40/month + $800 phone = $1760 for 2 years, or go to mint which I can do $20/month (for 8 GB LTE) + $300 phone = $780. I tried to find unlocked phones that work for Verizon, but they seem very few and far between (some on amazon say it works on Verizon but the reviews say otherwise)
So since this might be my first time ever venturing outside my family's plan, this obviously would lead to a few questions I have as I'm looking for a phone which has a good battery and will hopefully get me through my next 2 years of medical school.
1) From what I gather, I'm looking for a phone that has Bands 2, 4, 12, 66, 71? I was taking a look at this phone which seems to have all of them except for 71. How big of an issue if any is that? (For what it's worth, the vast majority of my time the next 2 years is going to be in Philadelphia, Los Angeles, and San Diego), and respective suburbs
2) Is there an easy way to transfer my contacts from my verizon phone to whatever new phone I end up getting? I'm hoping to be able to at least keep my number, although my bf who switched to Mint seemed to have some issues with that
3) If I end up switching to Mint, and I end up finding out it doesn't work well for me, how easy is it to switch back? I obviously hope this wouldn't be in the case, but just want to know what happens if it ends up not working. I suppose this last question is more for those that made the switch to Mint and then it ended up not working out for them
I apologize if these questions get asked relatively frequently. This is honestly the first time I've ever looked outside my family's plan so I'm bit nervous about all this. Thank you! :)
submitted by Bammerice to mintmobile [link] [comments]


2020.05.18 00:49 bees7 2 year Transfer Info. Wish someone would have done this for me!

CALIFORNIA COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES ONLY
OK so I have always been so dedicated to going to a 4 year right out of high school (I'm currently a junior), but I have recently, as in yesterday, accepted the fact that since I will have no financial support, I have to go to a CC first. Which I have no problem with because I'm not looking forward to college for the "College Experience", but I always thought I wouldn't be able to get degree and become a psychologist if I went to a cc then transferred. Idk, but a CC was never on my radar because I was very misinformed. Anyways, here are some helpful sites that I found while trying to figure it all out!
I plan on posting a lot more like this, so look out for those on chanceme**,** college**,** collegecompare**, etc.!**
https://assist.org/ - Shows which universities have articulation agreements with which community colleges. Just put in which CC your will transfer from, and which college you will transfer to.
https://www.collegetransitions.com/transfer-friendly-colleges/ - Transfer Friendly Colleges
https://www2.calstate.edu/attend/transfer - CSU transfer info
https://www.cappex.com/articles/college-life/successful-transfer-from-community-college - 10 Tips to a successful transfer from community college.
https://www.niche.com/ - All around great college info. Be sure to click the "Colleges" tab, then type what college your interested in. Highly Recommend
Below, just click on the school your interested in, and you will be taken to their Articulation Agreements with other schools. Some would automatically redirect me to assist.org, so I just linked that instead. Also, these are only sites for articulation data that I thought would fit this post, there are many other helpful sites that I also came across, so try doing some research on your own if you don't find what your looking for here.
Community Colleges: Private Universities
American RiverWhittier College
Los Angeles City CollegeUniversity of San Francisco
San Diego City CollegeUniversity of Southern California
City College of SFUniversity of San Diego
Butte CollegePomona College
Shasta CollegeUniversity of Pacific
Sacramento City CollegeLoyola Mount University
UC’s:
UC Irvine
UC Davis
UC Berkeley
UCLA
UC Merced
UC Riverside
UC San Diego
UC Santa Barbara
UC Santa Cruz

CSU's:
https://assist.org/
submitted by bees7 to ApplyingToCollege [link] [comments]


2020.04.23 05:38 aychtooO Chance an anxious sophomore

Demographics
White Jewish male
Upper-middle class
Residence in California
Recently transferred from private school to public school last January
Stats
Unweighted 9th: 4.0 UC 9th: 4.0
Unweighted 10th: 3.7 UC 10th: 4.1
PSAT: 1150 (IM A DISAPPOINTMENT)
Honors: Geometry, Chemistry, Algebra II, English II, Spanish III
Community College: Business 101, Japanese I and II (want to continue until IV)
APs: European History, Computer Science A (don’t know scores yet, but thinking 4 and 5 respectively)
Extracurriculars (I really fail here) - VEX Robotics (I don’t really do much, but I show up to every meeting. Not sure if that matters) - Was a QuizBowl member 1 semester (but I recently transferred and now I want to make a new team at my new school, hope it doesn’t fail!) - Piano 3 Years
Hook
I tried this hook for my 2020 UC Irvine COSMOS application and got rejected. Is it bad or something? - Stage 4 brain cancer as child - Diagnosis ADHD and depression (but who doesn’t have it these days?)
Target
BME or BioChem Major and CS Double-Major (I want to go 5 years)
Here are the schools I’m applying to in order.
  1. MIT
  2. UC Berkeley
  3. UC Los Angeles
  4. UC San Diego
  5. Northeastern
  6. USC
  7. Boston University
  8. NYU
  9. UC Irvine
  10. UC Davis
  11. Cal Poly SLO
  12. UC Santa Barbara
  13. CSUN
Intended Major I want to double major in Bioengineering and Computer Science with Premed
Extra
Next year’s schedule:
I‘m getting a C+ in Spanish III and that really ducking sucks >:(. Maybe it will destroy chances?
submitted by aychtooO to chanceme [link] [comments]


2020.04.23 02:40 soiledpantiesforsale How to Make Money Selling Pictures of Yourself

How to Make Money Selling Pictures of Yourself

Learn How to Sell Pictures of Yourself and Earn Easy Money!

How to Make Money Being a Cam Model
Yes, some might say that this is quite seedy and it is understandable that most of my girl friends and girls out there would not be interested in this. However, I have been doing this now for 3 years and have plenty of friends that have just started out as well.....once they learnt how much I was earning!
Girls selling nude pictures and videos of themselves has become quite popular over that last few years and is continuously becoming more popular. Naked Snapchat pictures have become the basic platform to which girls can make £50 per day. However, there are far more discreet methods out there in which you can earn a huge income.
Girls earning £1,000 - £5,000 per week
I-Camz Is the highest paying cam modelling site, as top models can earn £5,000 per week working full time. But keep in mind this is not common, as this will be working full time which will be physically and mentally hard on your body, so therefore most models tend not to work full time. An average models earn £1,000 to £2,000 working 20 hours. Some girls can earn £100 a day literally just to chat to guys over a webcam for a couple of hours.
I-Camz is a very safe and secure platform were you can even block cities or states to protect your identity! It is a very discreet platform where girls in the UK can give guys in the USA a bit of fun, in return for their hard earned cash. Some of these guys are filthy rich and pay high amounts of cash tips for you doing very little......literally sat on your home sofa with your webcam on in your bra and knickers.
As I said before, this is not for everyone and far from the most luxury of jobs, but the income I earn is very appealing and I certainly would never put anyone off doing it, yet quite the opposite.
Yet, I must also warn you that there are also men on there with fetishes. For example, men that have feet fetishes and will pay for literally showing your feet on webcam............yes weird I know! So if you where thinking 'where can I sell pictures of feet for money'?.... then your probably also in the right place.
For me, this is a short term goal to pay off my mortgage and a few other bits. In another year I can live mortgage free for the rest of my life, literally from a couple of years work, however everyone to their own intentions.
In summary, If you are wondering how to make money from working from home and living an easy life, or how to get the finances to start a business or whatever you dream goals are, then I would definitely recommend trialling I-camz and see what opportunities it brings for you.
More Information can be found at:> https://www.how-to-make-money-selling-photos-of-yourself.com

https://preview.redd.it/aocutc7mn1v41.jpg?width=236&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f3ba6b12541b391ef0d882665484a78b3a52d08b

























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submitted by soiledpantiesforsale to u/soiledpantiesforsale [link] [comments]


2020.03.26 16:57 perwinklefarts YSK many Companies Are Offering Free Services And/Or Waiving Fees Due to the quarantine. Here’s a Full List

Phone and Internet:
Major Domestic Airlines:
Fitness:
Credit Cards/Finance:
Food / Misc:
News Publications that are removing their paywalls:
Master List of Educational and Fun Resources
Sorry for the large wall of text but figured it may be useful.
submitted by perwinklefarts to YouShouldKnow [link] [comments]


2020.03.25 21:23 ShoupaTroopa Interested in radical hypothetical changes to pro basketball? I've got a bunch.

I've been keeping this document going for a minute. It's an outlandishly-macro restructuring of pro bball, overhauling everything from the court dimensions and association structure to player contracts and league finances.
If you've got some extra time during this agonizing season of no-NBA/no-basketball, please give it a read. I'm curious what a new kind of basketball might look like, and what radically different ideas others have conceived of for high-level basketball!
(The goal of this type of reconstruction is to highlight basketball's unique aesthetic forms at high-level play, and to build an entertainment machine that better benefits both the craftsmen of the game and the communities in which teams are based.)
---
The NABA
North American Basketball Association: a Proposal for the Evolution of Professional Basketball Structures Away from the current NBA

Contents
  1. Association Structure and Leagues
  2. The Regular Season and Special Events
  3. The Playoffs
  4. Changes to the Game (Rules changes and new Court Dimensions)
  5. Association Parity, Team Ownership, and Financial Structure
  6. End of Season Awards and Arena Pomp

  1. Association Structure
The current NBA’s league and conferences would be dissolved and replaced by 5 interconnected Leagues, interacting both in regular season play, mid-season tournament play, and through end-of-season promotion/relegation. These leagues will all fall under the NABA (North American Basketball Association) organizational umbrella.
The Association will be expanded by 15 teams to a total of 45 teams. The recommended cities are listed below. Preference has been given to cities based on a number of factors, including but not limited to, and in no particular order: size of population, city wealth, geographic parity, representation of North American national diversity, cities with large arenas. These are suggested as follows: 1. Kansas City, 2. Seattle, 3. Mexico City, 4. Los Angeles, 5. Chicago, 6. Newark, 7. San Diego, 8. San Juan (Puerto Rico), 9. Pittsburgh, 10. Las Vegas, 11. Nashville, 12. Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), 13. Oakland, 14. Vancouver (British Columbia), 15. St. Louis.
Each of the 5 Leagues will consist of 9 teams.
League composition is solely determined by play, not by geography. The formation of the NABA will occur five years after the adoption of this proposal, and Leagues 1, 2, and 3 will be formed from the current 30 NBA teams based on the regular and post-season performance over these 5 seasons (overall combined total wins) leading up to the adoption of the NABA structure. Thus, the nine teams with the most wins over those five seasons will compose League 1, the next best nine will form League 2, and so forth. The three teams with the fewest overall wins over these five seasons will form League 4 along with the first six of the above listed expansion teams. League 5 will be composed entirely of expansion teams, those listed above numbers 7-15.
In all following seasons, leagues’ team composition will be adjusted according to a promotion/relegation system. That is, teams will be promoted/relegated up or down to adjacent leagues at the end of the regular season based on regular season win totals (which includes World Games and Winter Invitational wins, see below).
For teams in Leagues 2, 3, and 4 this means that the team within each league with the highest win total will be promoted up to League 1, 2, or 3 (respectively) and the team with the lowest win total will be relegated to League 3, 4, or 5 (respectively). League 1 relegates the team in the league with the lowest win total down to League 2, but has no promotion (as they are the highest League). League 5 promotes the team with highest win total to League 4, but has no relegation (as they are the lowest League).
[The hope with these changes is to make available to more cities that ever-elusive hometown energy and excitement, currently unavailable to many small- and mid-market NBA teams b/c of the association's lack of segmented hierarchy—bad teams get stuck in decade long losing battles.]

  1. The Regular Season and Special Events
In place of the current preseason, World Games will be held in 15 major metropolitan areas outside of North America. Each of these cities will host a group of three NABA teams (teams grouped with others from their same League, but chosen by Association on the basis of quality of entertainment). These groups will play a round-robin (3 games total, 2 for each team) in that city over the course of a week and the Association will host accompanying events for fans and amateurs. Note: unlike the present pre-season games in the NBA, wins from these games do count towards the season win-total for purposes of determining playoff seeding and promotion/relegation.
Following the World Games, the regular season commences. The regular season consists of 76 games. Each team will play each of the other eight teams in their League five times (for a total of 40 games) and each of the 36 teams outside of their league one time (for a total of 36 games). These games will be spread out from mid-October to mid-April, with two one-week breaks after 25 and 50 games played per team. These breaks will be filled by the Winter Classic Invitational (after 25 games) and the All-Star Week Exhibition (after 50 games).
The Winter Mecca Invitational Tournament, held after the 25th game of the regular season, is hosted at Madison Square Garden in New York City from Christmas Day to New Years Eve. 16 teams are invited based entirely on win-total up to this point, without preference given to strength of schedule or League. (Note that this includes World Games wins, so it is possible for a team to have up to 27 wins at this point.) In the case of ties, preference is given by League (1>2…>5), and then to total regular season points-scored. The tournament itself is a four-round, single-elimination bracket, seeded using the same criteria as selection/invitation. Wins in the tournament add to season win-total. The winner of the tournament is given the NABA Winter Classic trophy to host in their home arena until the next year. A tournament MVP is selected by a panel of 45 media members.
The All-Star Week Exhibition, held after the 50th game of the regular season, is hosted in Las Vegas in mid-February. Midnight on Saturday of that week marks the season Trade Deadline. 20 All-Stars are selected to participate in the All-Star Game. These players are selected across leagues. Selection is made using a weighted single-transferable-vote of 25% each to the following groups: a panel of 45 media members, all 45 head coaches, the 45 active NABA players with the highest career total minutes played, and online fan polling. No restrictions in voting are placed based on player-position or League. The All-Star Game Captains are two players among the 20 selected with the most total fan votes. The Captains make live draft selections at the televised mid-season-award banquet held the Friday night before the All-Star Game (held on Saturday). The week leading up to the All-Star Game features five nights of events: Monday, the Rookie Showcase Game; Tuesday, the Celebrity Game and Half-Court Contest (a head-to-head style, first-to-make-a-shot event held using a bracket of 8 players); Wednesday, the Dunk Contest (featuring an 8-player group scored on a 1-100 scale) and Skills Challenge (featuring an 8-player bracket of head-to-head matchups); Thursday, the 3-Point Contest (featuring an 8-player bracket of head-to-head matchups, seeded by season total 3-pointers-made) and the Playmaker Showcase (a new rating-based contest similar to the Dunk Contest, but more theatrical, in which a player has 20 seconds to showcase their handles/footwork/artistry against a defender—selected by the playmaker—and then finish with a shot; this showcase is expected to be accompanied by a music selection and light-show; scoring is 1-100 with 50 points awarded for style/artistry, 30 for difficulty of shot and strength of defense—making the event a kind of competitive dance/duet performance—and 20 all-or-nothing points for whether the shot was made or missed); and Friday, the Mid-Season Awards Banquet (featuring the All-Star Game draft and a series of awards not included in the end-of-season awards; these might include awards such as Playmaker-of-the-Year, Assistant Coach of the Year, Best Dunk of the Season, etc.) and All-Star Game draft; and finally on Saturday, the All-Star Game itself. The Association works in close cooperation with the gambling institutions of Las Vegas to make the whole week a desirable gambling experience for tourists and basketball enthusiasts.
[The hope with these changes is mostly just to inject more fun and excitement—for both fans and players—into the season schedule. Also, fun nod to historical regular season totals records: a team that plays in the Winter Invitational final will have played 82 games by the end of the regular season.]

  1. The Playoffs
The Playoffs begin on the weekend after the last game of the regular season (minimum of a 3-day break). The eight teams in League 1 with the highest win-total for the overall season (including World Games and Winter Invitational) play in the playoffs (so all but one L1 team). These teams are seeded in a bracket by win-total with ties broken by the regular season head-to-head series record (so, best of 5). The 1-seed receives a bye in Round 1. The 7- and 8-seeds play an extra best-of-3 play-in series (round 0 or Wild Card Series). Each round after the 7/8 play-in consists of best-of-7 (first to 4 wins) series. The home/away distribution of games, favoring higher seeded teams, are as follow: 2-2-1-1-1. The winner of the 7/8 play-in plays against the 2-seed in Round 1. Thus the equation for the NABA Champion is as follows: [((1) v (4 v 5)) v ((2 v (7 v 8)) v (3 v 6))].
[This is fairly straightforward pro/reg stuff. To make the top of League 1 desirable throughout the regular season, I've added the bye. I played around with a truly tiered playoff, but it felt anticlimactic and maybe too much rest time for the high seeds. It would look like this: (((((((7 v 8) v 6) v 5) v 4) v 3) v 2) v 1).]

  1. Changes to the Game (Court Dimensions and Rules Changes)
The court dimensions are all altered to metric. The basket is now 3 meters above the court surface (a decrease of a little less than 2 inches). The court is 28 meters long (2 feet shorter) and 16 meters wide (2 and half feet wider). The 3-point line is drawn as an 8 meter arc from the center of the hoop (2 and a half feet further), flat at 1 meter from the sideline (i.e. 7 meters at the corner 3 (close to 3 feet further than the current corner 3)). The new lane’s shape mirrors the three point line’s: an arc 4 meters from the enter of the hoop and 3 meters from the hoop at the sides (slightly shorter at the arc), significantly wider at the sides. The distance from the baseline to the backboard is 1.5 meters (about a foot deeper). The restricted circle is drawn 1.5 meters from the center of the hoop, ending on either side 1.5 meters from the baseline (i.e. flush with the backboard). The game ball is 27 centimeters in diameter (0.05 inches smaller). The hoop is 46 cm wide (0.1 inches wider). There is no half court line, but centered on the court is the 4 meter wide jump circle. All court lines are drawn 5 cm wide. All other non-conflicting court dimensions are rounded to the nearest cm of the current NBA court dimension configuration.
The most drastic change to the current rules is the elimination of the game clock. NABA games will be played first-to-100 and win-by-5.
The shot clock is shortened to 20 seconds with a 10 second reset.
All free throws are worth the full point value of the foul: so 2 or 3 on a missed shot or 1 on a made shot. Therefor a player never takes more than 1 free throw at a time. Free throws are taken from the top of the arc of the lane.
All jump balls are taken at center court.
Quarters and Halftime are determined by the leading teams score. That is, when the leading team reaches 25, 50, and 75 then the first, second, and third quarters, respectively, end. If no team has managed to achieve a 5 point lead when the leading team’s score reaches 100, then an overtime goes into affect. In overtime, the shot clock is reduced to 18 seconds with a 7-second reset, and a hard elam ending is set at 24 points more than the leading team's total. There is a short break before overtime, and each team is given an extra timeout.
Lane violations only apply to offense (allowed 1 foot in indefinitely, 2 feet for up to 3 seconds; remember here that the lane in the NABA is significantly wider than in the present NBA dimensions).
Each team has 1 Designated Big (indicated by a differently-colored jersey) for whom the offensive lane violation does not apply. When this player is on the bench, the team does not have a Designated Big (i.e. the designation is non-transferable and submitted by each team at the start of regulation: the two DBs face off in the opening jump-ball).
There is no half court violation as there is no half-court line.
Post-foul resets are played from the center court circle (instead of the sideline). On resets, defenders cannot enter the center circle until the ball is passed out (cannot be dribbled out of circle by reset player).
Any made shot in the mid-range (the area between the lane and the three point line) is make-one, take-one. That is, if a player makes a mid-range shot, their team immediately gets the ball back at mid-court.
All other non-conflicting rules are the same as in the present NBA.
[Though folks may find these changes drastic and strange, I've considered each carefully with the intention of refocusing the strategy of pro basketball around the sport's natural aesthetic strengths—attempting to eliminate painful Harden-esque elements of current gameplay (esp. foul-drawing, clock-management, and strict shot selection) that feel more like algorithmic functions on a court than artful basketball performance. No offense to James Harden, who would still be very good in this system—and probably a hell of a lot more fun to watch.]

  1. Association Parity, Team Ownership, and Financial Structure
There is no soft or hard salary cap. The only restriction on team-spending is the NABA luxury tax line set by the NABA each off-season based on projected revenue of all teams. For every dollar over the tax line a team spends on player salaries, they must pay the NABA 2 dollars. There is no special repeater tax for teams over the line multiple consecutive seasons, just the 2 dollars on the dollar.
Off-season signings begin 1 week after the NBA Finals.
The minimum player contract is 1% of the tax line (set by the NABA each year). The maximum player contract is 45% of the tax line (available to players who have played in the association for 5 or more years).
Players receive veteran bonuses as their careers progress. The NABA itself pays veteran bonuses directly to players. Veteran bonuses are equal to 1% of the tax line value per year played (so the only players who receive no veteran bonus are rookies). This income does not count as salary for purposes of determining team tax.
Similarly, players receive loyalty bonuses from the NABA of 2% of the tax line value for every year they have spent on a team for which they have played for at least 5 seasons (calculated for total seasons played for the team; so, a player entering their fifth season with a team would not receive a loyalty bonus, but a player entering their sixth year with a team would receive a 10% loyalty bonus, increasing by 2% every year following). Again, this income does not count as salary for purposes of determining team tax.
The cost for veteran and loyalty bonuses is spread among all teams weighted according to teams’ estimated market share of NABA.
Short-term minimum contract length is 10-days pro-rated. All other contracts must be a minimum of 1 year. All contracts must be honored through injury.
The maximum contract length is 10 years. Salaries must be written as percentages of the tax line. All extensions must not make a total contract exceed ten years. Otherwise there are no restrictions on extensions, which (unlike free agency signings) are available to teams/players one year before the end of a current contract.
Player and team options may make up to one half of the total length of a contract, rounded down (for instance, a max-length contract could be a 5+1+3+1 or a 7+3 or a 5+2+1+1+1, etc.), and may be mixed (for instance, in the first of the above examples, the +1 year-six could be a player option, followed by a +3 year team option, followed by another +1 year player option).
Contract salaries may be flat, descending, or ascending year to year but must always be built around a tax-line percentage, not a specific value; so salaries shift according to the association's value.
Playeowner revenue split is set at a minimum 55% to players and maximum 45% to owners. If total team spending on players (including expected bonuses) following off-season signings does not meet the 55% mark then the difference is paid by the teams, split weighted according to team percentage of market share, to the players. This player payout is weighted among players according to total-minutes-played over the course of the past 5 seasons.
Revenue sharing between teams/owners is set at 30% (in addition to any luxury tax paid), determined after veteran and loyalty bonuses are awarded by the league.
There is no draft. Instead, rookies (minimum age of 18 as of the first day of summer signing) may sign contracts with any team they like, beginning one day before all other free agents. However, rookie contract salary maximums are scaled based on a team’s league position following promotion/relegation. These rates are as follows: League 5 20%, L4 15%, L3 10%, L2 5%, L1 1%. Furthermore, rookies minimum contract length for maximum rookie salaries is set at 3 years, maximum length at 5 years. A player may not sign for more than the respective signing team’s league’s rookie max until that player has played at least 5 years in the NABA.
Teams may trade player contracts (only with a player's consent) along with unrestricted cash-considerations. Players on rookie (or under-5th-year-in-league) contracts may only be traded to teams within their own league or lower leagues.
Public player trade demands nullify a player’s end-of-season loyalty bonus.
Teams may only be moved from a city if the greater metropolitan area agrees by 60% majority in a popular vote to allow an owner (or ownership group) to move the team.
[There's a lot going on here, and much of it would take considerable squirming to make financially feasible; but ultimately the hope with these changes is to balance casual fans' and owners' desire for more in-organization player-personnel consistency w/ ethical valuation of players' craftsmanship/showmanship/market-draw.]

  1. End of Season Awards and Arena Pomp
The season MVP, Rookie of the Year, Coach of the Year, Most Improved Player, and 6th Man of the Year: these are all voted on using a weighted single-transferable-vote (ranked-choice) by media (a 100-member panel), players (all who played in at least 20 games), and coaches (all 45 head coaches at the end of the season); 35%/35%/30%, respectively, weighted to these three groups. A new award, Captain of the Year, goes to a player who showed great on-court leadership and is voted upon using this same method.
The Scoring Champion is selected by points-per-game, but must have played in at least 70 games (combined World, Winter, and Regular Season games) to qualify.
The General Manager of the Year is selected by a 50/50 weighted STV vote of 100 media members and all 45 team GMs at season’s end.
The First, Second, and Third All-NABA teams, and the All-Rookie and All-Defense teams (there is only one of each), are chosen by the media without regard to any positional requirements.
All other awards are same as-is. Across the board, no voting is allowed for players/coaches/GMs within their own organization (for traded players, this applies to all teams they played at least 10 games for this season).
Teams may hang banners for the following: NBA Finals Championships, Regular Season League Championships, Winter Classic Championships, and retired player jerseys.
[Hope is to make these a little fairer and more representative of the current team structures. No biggie.]
---
Anywho, hope folks enjoyed. What parts work and don't work do you think?
submitted by ShoupaTroopa to nbadiscussion [link] [comments]


2020.03.03 00:28 clanoftheelite Car Title Loans Guide- RESOURCES

Car Title Loans Guide
Is it possible that you may or may have heard of the term car title loans? Whether you are familiar with borrowing money from a financial institute or not, or you want to get more details about title loans, you will find all you need to know about taking a personal loan against your car title in this complete guide. When there is a pressing need or you are lacking sufficient funds, one way you can get access to cash is through personal loans with collateral. And a car title loan is a type of loan for people facing critical emergencies and is urgently in need of cash fast. In life, anything can happen, and these things pop up when we least expect. But, you can get quick cash loans whenever you are financially handicapped or in need of money fast to handle an important need.

Introduction To Title Loans

Getting a loan against your car or vehicle title as collateral is a good option if you are facing some challenges that require extra cash. The situation might be such that you need this quick loan as capital to start a new business, as extra support to settle some personal needs, a fund for your education or as standby cash for a medical emergency. As long as you need money fast to save you from any form of financial issue, pawning your car title for a cash advance will be a wise decision.
A car or vehicle, which is one possession that the majority of American citizens own, can be a means of rescue in times of urgent needs or in times when the cash at hand is just not enough. One of the great options to receive a quick cash loan during hard times when you need some money in your pocket is through a car title loan.

Title Loan Definition

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines a loan as any amount of money that someone borrows over a period with a promise to pay back, usually with interest. According to Investopedia and Wikipedia’s definition, a car title loan is an example of a secured loan that you get by offering the title to your car or vehicle to the lender (the car title loan company) as collateral.
By approaching a loan lender to get a loan, you are giving the title pawn lender the legal right to place a lien on your car. That is, you will temporarily surrender your car title to the title loan company and the loan company grants you the loan amount. Your lender legally becomes the “lien holder” and holds on to the car title. There are several types of loan systems that several financial institutions issue out to individuals. These loans include; an open-ended loan, a closed-ended loan, a secured loan, and an unsecured loan. When it involves giving up an asset as collateral, then it is a secured loan. And the lender might end up taking ownership of the collateral if the borrower should fail to pay back the loan. Before we go further to see what a car title loan and how it works, let’s take a look at the origin and brief history of car title loans.

Car Title Loans History

Research by the Center for Responsible Lending and Consumer Federation of America shows that it was in the early 1990s that car title loans became popular in the financial world. It shares some similarities with PayDay Loans. Just as ten am implies, it is a form of secures loan which offers individuals with no hope of getting cash anywhere else a chance to get a loan against their car title. This then growing trend allowed individuals to have access to cash whenever they need it despite their financial status. Car title loans are now available both in physical offices and as online services.
Presently, several states have adopted the title loan system in one form or another. Some of these states include; Ohio, Delaware, Georgia, South Carolina, Idaho, Illinois, California, Alabama, Arizona, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin.
Online title loans are one of the recent ways of accessing fast cash when in need of financial assistance or when in a situation of financial emergency. Car title loans are stress-free to get and are always within your reach as long as you have a car that will qualify you. Now, let’s look at a general description of what car title loans are all about.

General Overview of Car Title Loans

A car title loan is an example of a secured loan where you get a loan by submitting the title to your car or vehicle, plus other title loan requirements to the lender or the car title loan company as collateral. This is quite similar to getting a conventional loan from a bank where an individual offers an asset (a house in most cases) as collateral. The collateral secures the bank against the risk of nonpayment of the loan and the bank could even decide to confiscate the asset if the borrower should fail to comply with the payment terms.
The lending company will only relinquish the car title to you when you pay up the loan (with interest) in full. In other words, you receive back your car title when you completely repay the loan to the auto title loan company. The lender will also remove the lien on your car or vehicle. It is important to note that auto title loans are not limited to cars or vehicles only. You can also use the titles of your other vehicles such as SUVs, motorcycles, trucks, trailers and recreational vans as collateral. Other names for car title loans are; pink slip loan, car title loan, auto title loans, car identity loan and vehicle title loan.

What Are Car Title Loans?

A car title loan (which is also referred to as “auto loan,” “title pawn loan”) is a short-term loan where the borrower offers his or her car title as collateral. It is a form of a secured loan. A car title (or pink slip) is a document that shows your ownership of a car. If you understand how pink slip loans work, then this type of loan system can be a way of escaping the dreaded debt cycle faced by most US citizens.
Unlike secured loans from conventional banks and credit unions, you do not give up your car. Rather, your car remains in your possession and you continue to use your car as long as you stick to the terms of the agreement. However, when you compare this loan acquisition process to that of other traditional lenders like banks and credit unions, you see that it is mild and involves fewer rigors.

How Does a Car Title Loan Work?

The way it works is very simple. To get a car title loan; first, you must outright own the car or have enough equity in the car. You would then consult a car title loan company. Approach the lending agency with your car title or a pink slip and apply for the loan. The loan company representative will proceed to check the year, make, model and general condition of the car in an inspection process. Although this application is available online, the information from this inspection will enable the loan firm to determine the loan amount they would lend you and also to determine what the resale value of the car might be.

You Don't Need An Excellent Credit Score For Title Loan

In general, the auto title loan company evaluates your car and lends you a percentage of its value. While some title loan companies offer you the title loan with no credit checks and no background employment checks, others will perform credit checks as well as check that you have a steady income that will ease your ability to pay back the loan. Usually, you do not need an excellent credit score to get a car title loan. Also, you do not need to be employed to be qualified for a car title loan. Though you should have a source of income to meet up prompt payments.
You might qualify for a loan up to 50% to 60% of the total resale value of your car. The title loan agency will only ask to hold on to the title until you fully pay back the loan. Then the auto loan company will document the title to the vehicle, and grant you your loan request after placing a lien on your car. Depending on the loan principal, interest rate and loan duration, a title loan calculator will be used to determine your repayment plan. And after complete payment, you reclaim your car title, lien-free. In most cases, a car title loan application can take as little as an hour. Processing auto title loan requests take less time than a traditional loan from a bank because of the elimination of a long period of credit checks and unnecessary paperwork.

In summary, here’s how car title loans work;

Though policies differ between states and most times, you must be living within the state before you can access this loan from a title lender. Do not worry if you have bad credit. Auto identity loans are basically for individuals with bad credit scores. You can pay off your loan anytime, and you get your car title back when you completely repay the loan (plus interest). Car title loans are the ideal solution for people with a bad credit score or no credit worth.

What is the loan limit?

When it comes to deciding on getting a quick cash loan through a vehicle identity loan, another essential question to ask after understanding how auto title loans work is “what amount can I borrow?” The minimum amount you can usually access is $2,500 up to about $50,000. So, the first concern should be to own a car that is worth at least $2,500.
The following determines the loan limit:
Most people are already familiar with car title loans or vehicle title pawns. However, some others are still ignorant of the fact that they can even get a loan against other types of automobiles that they own. Well, if you are one such person, then you are sure to find out about other forms of title loans and how they work. You can get a cash advance against the title of your motorcycle, truck or recreational van. And again, this process is easier than getting a loan from banks or credit unions using collateral. You may be reading this right now, wishing to rebuild your credit through the help of a title loan. Or that you need help with paying your bills on time, or you would like to learn about how to get an auto title loan, then you are also at the right place. For more understanding, you can also lookup motorcycle title loans, RV title loans from our website for more details.

Title Loan Interest Rates

Car title loans may be quite expensive than other alternative means of funding, but that should not discourage you from applying for an auto identity loan. Though the Department of Business Oversight controls and supervises the interest rate of pink slip loans, interest rates still vary between auto title pawn lenders. Typically, a lender gives a monthly interest rate with a 30 to 60 days’ duration.
It is possible to negotiate the payment plan with the car title lender. Hence, it is necessary to choose the best lending company that will adequately educate you as you make a financial decision, offer you a relatively lower interest rate, and also provide you the best title loan experience with no hidden charges whatsoever. So, if the question on your mind right now is “how high is the interest rate?” perhaps you should also ask the question “do I have any better option to raise the money urgently?”

Title Loan Payment plan

Car title loans are a short-term loan by the structure. And despite the title loan calculations, you can negotiate the duration to completely pay up the loan with your lender. While some lenders may give you a loan payment plan that takes a longer period, others may not. Most lenders could even permit you to make larger payments each month so that you can complete repayment even before the due date. Most individuals prefer taking out an advance and then splitting the payment into bits over a longer period. In this situation, as long as the borrower is sure to fully pay back the loan promptly and on schedule, the lender might not have a problem with the payment plan.
However, during this period, the lender will not have access to the car or vehicle title. Also, the lending company may not permit you to request an extra cash loan peradventure the need should arise. In plain terms, no pink slip for you until you fully repay the loan sum. It is also important to note that the more you prolong your payments, the more money you end up paying. The reason for this is because the title loan industry is a risky investment. The title loan company will charge you more each time you extend your payment. See our car title loans bad for details.

How to Apply for A Car Title Loan

You can apply by simply walking into any car title loan locations near you to acquire a cash loan against your car title. It is easy, quick and free to get a car title loan. You can apply for a 100% online title loan by filling out an online form. You can also apply over the phone by calling a title loan representative.
To apply for an auto identity loan, the car title loan lender will require you to provide some vital information. Then, their expert sales associates will proceed to evaluate your car to find out how much money your car is worth or how much it will qualify for you.

Applying for a Title Loan in California

You can apply over the phone or in person. Running your car through Kelley Blue Book (KBB) at https://www.kbb.com/ to determine your car’s worth is a definite advantage. When you apply for the loan with us, we will perform a credit check. A sales representative will analyze and evaluate your car and come up with a fair selling price for your car. And the Kelley Bluebook is a guaranteed way of reaching an accurate and most recent worth of your car.
After your loan application, we will come up with the loan amount that your car qualifies you to access. And after that, we will proceed with your credit application. we will also need proof of your monthly income. You don’t need to be employed before you can apply. As long as you have a car with the title in your name, and a source of income every month, you’re good to go.

Other Requirements For Title Loan

Other requirements include; a utility bill, a lease agreement or mortgage statement to prove your residence. We will also require you to provide any valid government ID, and also a valid driver’s license. Your full name, phone number, residential address, some and some references. Your credit score is not a major factor for you to receive a cash advance against your car title. But it is still important that we look back at your credit history and other related information.
With the use of Experian to check your credit, your credit report will be a perfect guide for us to reach an agreement that will not put you under much pressure. We will also require that you grant us full permission to run your credit. And, you sign the credit application to give us this right.

Title Loan Car inspection

Since your car title is the collateral for the loan, an inspection is a way of ensuring that you receive the maximum amount of your car’s worth. A car or vehicle inspection may reveal a higher value, hence, qualifying you for more cash. The inspection exercise will check the overall body condition of the car and if there are any dents, scratches, broken glass, scraps, broken lights on the body of the car. Also, the inspection will check to discover if any bodywork has been carried out in the car.
If the cars have been involved in accidents at any time, the inspection process will indicate it. If it has been modified in any way, the inspection will outline those modifications according to the code and specs. All these details count during the inspection process. Generally, during the inspection, a car title loan representative will check the roadworthiness of your car, the proof of ownership of the vehicle, and if you have an active insurance policy titled. The inspection will also indicate if your car or vehicle will value more and qualify you for more money, or otherwise.

Title Loans Without Car Inspection

Vehicle inspection is how you maximize the loan amount you could receive. You may apply for a small loan amount, thinking your car or vehicle is not worth much, yet, the inspection process may reveal a higher value, hence, qualifying you for more cash. It is possible to get a title loan without inspection. However, some individuals prefer to skip this stage not because they don’t have the car but due to some other reasons. Such as:

What The Inspection Involves

Title loans without inspection involve providing pictures showing the overall body condition of your car. Though, the physical inspection of the car is preferably by the title loan company. This is to ensure that the collateral is in good condition and that there are no significant damages to your car or vehicle. This also implies that you can get a loan against the title of an old car as long as it is still roadworthy.
A car that has never involved in an accident and its body is in good condition has the higher chances of getting a higher loan amount, while the one that has been involved in many accidents and having poor roadworthiness may not qualify you for a title loan or may just qualify for a lower amount. To take full advantage of every opportunity from your car for a title loan application, do the following;

What Qualifies You For A Car Title Loan

Once you own a car outright, you are already halfway through the entire process. A good title pawn lender will find out how much your car is worth and how much it will qualify you to access, and then carry on with the rest of the approval process. You can use your pink slip to get a loan. With car title loans California, you will be able to get you the funds the same day that you apply, within minutes.

Do I Give Up My Car?

No! You keep your car while you repay the loan. The truth is, as long as you do not default on the agreement, you continue to drive your car wherever and whenever you want. Contrary to the general assertion by many people that you lose your car when you get a car title loan, pawning your car title for a loan does not mean that you will give up your car or lose possession of your car. Instead, you still retain ownership of your car as long as you sustain the terms of the agreement.
The only thing you hand over is your car title or a pink slip. That is, you temporarily tender the ownership (car title or pink slip) of your car until you fully pay back the loan. As long as you do not default the repayment agreement, you still drive your car.

Car Title Loan Refinancing

Refinancing is a way for borrowers to enjoy better deals on the loans against their car when tied to unfair terms of the agreement from inconsiderate lenders. Especially because competitors offer better benefits. Here are a few reasons why people refinance auto title loans:

You Can Refinance Your Car

So, if you are uncomfortable with your current lender, or find your current terms very inconvenient, then you should probably consider refinancing your title loan. People always ask questions like; What is refinancing? Can I refinance my car title loan? How do I refinance my car title loan? Is it possible to refinance an existing loan with another title loan company? Can I refinance a bad credit car title loan? What are the benefits of refinancing my car title loan?
Well, the answer to all these and many other related questions are simple. YES! You can refinance your car title loan. YES! There are loads of benefits when you refinance your car title loan, and YES! You can do all these with us. See Car Title Loan Refinancing for more details.

How Refinancing Works

How title loan refinancing works are quite similar to the application process of acquiring a car title loan. Simply by providing some vital information and answering some questions asked by the title loan, you can refinance your title loan.

Here’s How Car Title Loan Refinancing Works:

Requirements For Title Loans Refinancing

What Do I Need To Refinance My Car Title Loan? Here Are The Requirements;

It is also expected that you should not be on active duty in the military.

Title Loan Laws

A publication by the New York Times states that a lot of customers take out auto title loans yearly, but very few states document these statistical records. And in 2011, the California Finance Lenders Law established legislation that permits licensed companies and organizations to give short-term loans that are secured by titles to automobiles
The laws, which differ from state to state, cover specific areas of title loans like; interest rates, administrative charges, and repossession. These laws according to the Department of Business Oversight in California put title pawn lenders in check at all times with legal guidelines about the dos and don’ts of car title loans.

Are Car Title Loans Bad?

The argument about whether car title loans are good or not has long been of great concern to many. To some, it is a means to stabilize their financial status, while for others, it is simply an extortion system. There are pros and cons to car title loans. To find out more about these advantages and disadvantages, see the post “Are Car Title Loans Bad?”
An auto title loan allows individuals with poor credits as well as individuals who may not have easy access to borrowing money when in desperate need the opportunity to enjoy access to money fast. So, instead of being among the crowd who believe it is bad, why not discover the truth about car title loans yourself. Life is indeed full of uncertainties. You stand a better chance of enjoying the best title loan experience when you understand what to expect as well as what to be wary about in a car title loan. Especially, what happens if a borrower defaults.

What Happens If Someone Defaults?

When a borrower defaults, the title loan lender could;
  1. Decide to contact the borrower or
  2. Impound the car at any time and anywhere
When you apply for a car title loan, you sign a lien which gives the lender the legal right over your car. The only condition where a title loan company returns the title to you is when you fully repay the loan amount plus interest.

What Is A Default

A default is when a borrower fails to comply with the loan terms of the agreement with the lender. These conditions that lead to default are always part of the agreement details. Repossession is the next obvious thing that occurs if you fail to pay up a loan or comply with the payment plan. When you default, you could lose your car. When a borrower defaults, the lender may either decide to contact the borrower to come up with a better way to repay the loan or immediately proceed to repossess the car.

What Does Repossession Means

If a lender seizes your car when you default, it is called repossession. On account of a default, the repossession officer can show up anytime and anywhere seize your car. Different lenders work with different policies. And the lender is responsible for all the repossession expenses. So, while some lenders will not hesitate to impound your car, others may offer to assist you until you successfully repay the loan in full.

Pros And Cons Of Car Title Loans

The table below shows the merits and demerits of car title loans
Pros
Cons
It is simple and fast to get your request approval
They are typically short term with very high-interest rates
Access to quick cash while you still make use of your car
When you roll over the loan, you end up paying more money
Your credit status is not a major criterion for accessing a car title loan
You can also lose your car in an auto title loan since your car title is the collateral.
You will find out more about the pros and cons of car title loans when you visit our website.

Alternatives To Car Title Loans

Well, there are other alternatives to car title pawn loans. They include;

Make Your Decision

Whether or not a car title loan is bad depends on a whole lot of factors. For example; individuals are different, and so are their financial situations. For some persons, taking out a title cash advance could be a great option, while to some others, it would not be a wise decision. Priorities could also affect the choice of whether to take out a title loan or not. Some events may require quick funding, others could linger and not cause any damaging effect. Other alternatives to getting a loan may not be as quick and straightforward as an auto identity loan. Conventional lenders may take you through depressing procedures, and sometimes, even end up turning down your loan request.
Rather than face disappointments or embarrassments from friends and family when you are financially stranded, or approach a conventional lender for a cash advance that they are likely to turn down, if you can easily afford the interest charges and payments, it is preferable to use auto title loans as a short term loan for emergencies. However, it is important to note that anybody who decides to get a title loan is quite confident to fully pay back the loan. But sometimes, due to some unforeseen circumstances (like bankruptcy), life may play out in such a way the person would fail to complete payments.

How To Choose The Best Title Loan Company?

There are several online title loan direct lenders. But, to get the best online payday loan experience, you need to do the following;
  1. Do a thorough search
  2. Check if the auto title loan company is licensed
  3. Properly read through every document and compare with their competitors before applying
  4. Take note of the interest rate, fees and payment period
  5. Be careful not to fall into the trap of hidden charges

Online Car Title Loan Application

For a 100% online title loan application, you can apply by filling out an online form on our website. If a one-on-one approach interests you, apply by calling us today on 844 242 7467. Our experienced sales representatives and title loan officers will properly guide and educate you as you apply for the title pawn loan.

Getting A Car Title Loan in California

Are you living in Sacramento, Modesto, Bernardino, Santa Monica, San Diego, Fontana, Irvine, Chula Vista, Stockton, Los Angeles, Riverside, Oakland, Bakersfield or any other location within California? Are you running out of cash? Do you need to be financially buoyant to kick-start your plans and need a car title loan to accomplish that? Then you are in the right place. Car Title Loans California is a car title lender in California that focuses on assisting stranded individuals to get access to fast loans within the shortest possible time and with quick loan request approval.

You Can Do The Entire Process Online

We offer you the opportunity to go through the entire title loan process online and quickly too. In many cases, we process your vehicle title loan in the shortest time possible, on the same day. We are the best auto title loan agency in California. It may be cash for urgent medical treatment, education loan or extra cash to rescue you from financial embarrassments, whether your credit score is bad or poor, you can still apply for a car title loan. And if you reside anywhere within California, do not hesitate to consult us. Our services are unique and you will enjoy numerous benefits when you get a title loan with us. Car title loans California simply eliminates stress.

Car Title Loan Benefits

Below are some of the benefits of getting a car title loan;

  1. Whether you have a poor credit history, bad credit or no credit score at all, you can still get a car title loan.
  2. You will enjoy 100% funding as a cash advance on the worth of your car or vehicle.
  3. A fast, easy and straightforward application, void of stress, with swift approval as well.
  4. Due to state laws that govern the title loan industry, there are no hidden fees or charges. You only pay back whatever you borrow.
  5. A relatively affordable interest rate varies between lenders.
  6. No prepayment penalty in case you intend to pay up the loan ahead of the due date. And, we encourage you to pay off your loan on schedule for your convenience.
  7. Customer-friendly terms and conditions
  8. Direct funding into your bank account. A better way to receive emergency cash.
  9. You can negotiate a convenient and achievable payment plan with your lender.

F.A.Q About Car Title Loans

What Would Be the Payment Amount?

The amount of money you pay (plus interest) will depend on three basic factors;
This amount will be established using a title loan calculator and agreed upon with your lender.

What If I Decide to Sell My Car?

You can sell a car tied to a title loan, but you have to fully clear the lien in the car. Sometimes, your car could break down, or you may want to borrow against the value of your car, such that, the next logical step toward balance your finances would be to completely sell off your car. Taking this decision to sell your car implies that you will have to set a selling price high enough to pay off the balance on your loan account. You will have to agree with your lending company to settle the debt with the proceeds from the sales. That means you will also have to pre-inform the title loan lender on time. Once you clear the loan completely, then you will be able to retrieve the title which you can transfer to the buyer.

Is It Possible to Get Car Title Loans with No Credit Check?

Yes! You can get a loan on your car title with no credit checks, but most times, this policy leaves the customer in a debt cycle, at risk of defaulting and even in a situation of losing their car. Usually, before your loan request is approved, the car title loan company will do some inspections, verification, and checks to ascertain the loan amount you can get, as well as your ability to repay the loan completely and on schedule.
Though your credit score is not a deciding factor, the reason for the checks is to know that your income can support the loan. This policy is the reason for our unbeatable success rate and a pool of happy and satisfied customers.

How Do I Get My Title Back?

You will get back your car title as soon as you repay the amount due on your loan account in full. It’s a guarantee! Learn more about Title Loan at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Title_loan

What is the Maximum Loan Amount I can Get?

The amount of the loan depends on the value of the car. The more the value of your, the higher the loan you can receive. Usually, you can get between $2,500 and $50,000. Visit our F.A.Q page to find out more about a car title loan.
submitted by clanoftheelite to u/clanoftheelite [link] [comments]


2020.02.16 20:25 Howhowhathere My experiences as an Uber Driver, Fair (car rental) customer, and Lyft Driver (LONG)

As you all may know by now, Uber and Lyft have become quite common as apps that replaced Taxis for the most part in major cities and towns as a way to get a ride, and it's a service provided by individual contractors like myself who use a different app as the ride provider to earn an income or sometimes it is marketed as a way to have a "side hustle" to make more income on top of a main job.
I want to share my personal horror stories as a driver and user of these apps as well as offer some incite to other drivers out there on the road. I hope we can all learn from my experiences.
For starters, I'm an actor in Los Angeles so instead of waiting tables or trying to be a bartender, (or turning to prostitution for that matter), I decided to make an income through ride share driving to get myself some flexibility to my schedule for acting auditions (usually at short notice).
Story 1: Early days of Rideshare Driving.
Initially I had my own used 2002 Volkswagen Passat, and it was a car I grew up with and loved and it was very reliable. I signed up solely with Uber at first and in the early days of the app when they gave out incentives and "rush hour" bonuses. In the early days it was very hard to make any money driving the app unless you specifically targeted those large 2x and sometimes 7x earning bonuses. Based on my miles per gallon on my Volkswagen I was actually only making about 3 dollars per hour during most of the day due to the infrequent rides, due to my gas cost, and due to the fact that Uber took a large portion of my earnings per ride. And at that time if I drove during the busy rush hours to catch bonuses, I earned about 20 dollars per hour or sometimes even 30 depending on traffic and how fast I can dodge through it to get another ride with a massive bonus. Of course this wasn't healthy for the long run and it was VERY HARD to earn a steady income and caused a LOT of stress due to having to drive during rush hour traffic in downtown LA to even earn something close to a minimum wage job on average since rush hour only lasted about 2-3 hours each day and the rest of the day it's very hard to get any customers other than the early adopters.
Lesson 1: What I learned during this time is to look at the formula of how we got paid, and to calculate my own gas costs, (also taxes!) to see just how much am I actually earning per hour and to look for ways to lower my own costs down and make more money. I found that the best practice is to turn on the app but park my car somewhere in a decently busy area when I'm in between rides instead of driving around burning gas looking for new rides. This significantly lowered my gas costs down and I am also reducing traffic by doing this! I allowed the App to look for rides and nearby customers for me and I drove a lot less. Think of in between rides as breaks...
Lesson 2: There's a pattern to when there's more demand for rides and I found different times to be on the road that worked for me. It didn't have to be rush hour traffic in 5PM LA, it could be also early mornings when people were waking up to go to work early in the morning, or going to the airport! And it was VERY profitable to pick up long rides back then as it reduced the time between waiting for new rides and I earned a lot more whenever I found these longer rides!
Story 2: Car Problems and the disgusting business called Fair.
My Volkswagen eventually started breaking down and having problems, this happened repeated over the course of 2 years with me having to repeatedly pay large sums to fix my car and at first it was just to change the car batteries, and small expenses... but then soon it started to get really crazy with timing belt changes, and then when the car overheated from a coolant leak that (suspiciously happened immediately after I had an oil change done by a shady mechanic) I had damage to the engine from the overheating... and that was when I knew, fixing my car wasn't going to be worth it... I started eating parking tickets for "abandoned vehicle" which also doubled several times because I didn't know that my car would get ticketed for even being parked... and a long story short I couldn't pay $2000 to fix the car when it was my main source of income and I couldn't sell it since it was broken, and I had to junk it.
In comes my idea to rent a vehicle instead! Haha, that might have sounded like a smart idea at the time, and it was also at the time when Fair partnered up with Uber to offer rental cars. I tried to get a car from Fair and this is what happened:
Initially I called Fair support to see when I can get to pick up the vehicle I wanted... a nice little orange 2016 Toyota Prius with barely 9000 miles on it. They told me the car was in San Diego... Keep in mind I don't have a car at this point and I lived in Los Angeles. I asked them if they could deliver it to me and they told me yes, but at this point Uber has my address as Glendale, which was a while ago when I first signed up with Uber, and of course as an actor who barely lives rent to rent, I had to move around quite often, so this was no longer my current address at the time. I told the Fair support that that was not my address and that I lived in Chatsworth... well that was a disaster, because they told me because my address is no longer up to date, I can't get the car delivered to me by the Fair Concierge team... and ooook? SO what do you want me to do, Fair? They told me to change my address with them, and I went "ok great! let's do that" but Fair Support doesn't have the authorization to change the address on my Fair account... NO... that's something only the Fair Concierge team can do for me and they are only accessible through first calling the Fair Support team on their support line... waiting between 30 minutes to 2 hours on the phone for someone to pick up, tell them to transfer me to the Fair Concierge team so I can change my address, then waiting another 2 hours or so for the Fair Concierge team to pick up the phone and talk about changing my Address with them. And here's how THAT interaction went:
a. They told me I needed to provide proof of address... and again as an actor who moved around a lot, I typically sublet a single room and have no utility bills and no pay stubs to use since hey guess what, I'm an UBER DRIVER. This is a conversation after 2-3 hours waiting between Fair Support, then transferring to Fair Concierge....
b. I called repeatedly asking them to change my address, I literally stood outside my new address with my phone and took pictures of me next to the mailbox number... and held up a sign with the street name, and they told me they can't accept that... so I had to try MANY different times calling them to see if this works, no? Ok how about this other thing I got in the mail? NO? Could somebody please give me a LIST of the acceptable proof of address documents?! OH ok finally... and after much trying and dialing and waiting for literally DAYS worth of time on the phone, I got someone who gave me a very helpful suggestion, That I take an UBER ride as a rider down to San Diego to the car to pick it up and that Fair offers to pay for up to 100 miles worth of Uber ride to go pick up the vehicle... well great... I thanked the man for his offer and took him up on it, but it turns out it was 200 miles between Los Angeles and San Diego so that meant that I had to get TWO 100 mile long Uber rides and only 1 of them could be covered by the company called... Fair (this name is getting ironic, but wait... there's more)
c. Not only did I have to pay out of pocket for my second 100 mile ride to pick up the car in San Diego, but the first 100 mile ride was "paid for" by Fair in the form of a gift card... yes.. a gift card which I could only use at select stores such as Nordstroms, Banana Republic, Gap, Old Navy, etc... I don't know what gave them the impression that a guy who drives Uber for a living would need to shop at Banana Republic and how a gift card for Banana Republic is in any way a form of compensation for hundreds of dollars worth of UBER rides down to pick up a rental car that they were supposed to deliver to me completely free if they didn't have an asinine Change of Address Policy that also includes "You can't change your address with Fair unless you have been renting from Fair for at least 40 days"... so it was a perpetual catch 22, since I can't get it delivered to me if I don't have an up to date address, AND I can't change said address without having had rented a car from Fair for 40 days... This should have been a red flag from the get go, but I was getting pretty desperate since I needed a vehicle to not only drive for Uber, but I needed a vehicle to get anywhere period, and not only was I running out of savings fast, but I also had to get a reliable way to get to auditions... and at this point I was taking the metroline and buses and it would take like a 6 hour round trip to get to auditions downtown from Chatsworth by bus... it was insanity and I really really needed a car... so I here I was... Fair has me cornered, despite their nonsensical policies... SO I picked up my Fair vehicle which I found out didn't belong to Fair, but an actual car dealership doing this program with Fair... so... essentially Fair has no capital invested... they have a contractual agreement with car dealerships to rent their cars, and then they have an agreement with Uber to rent cars to Uber drivers that Uber approves of... and so all they do is B2B service and their service is GOD AWFUL? I should have known better, but hindsight is 20/20 and all that...
So I got my car from Fair, and the car was really nice! I drove it 200 miles back to where I lived so that the round trip cost me upwards of $200 in gas and Uber trip costs... I got a car that I had to make an immediate down payment for and my first month's car rental cost as well, and on top of that and I got a 100 dollar gift card to freakin Banana Republic... great... let's get started with my Actual experiences driving with Fair shall we?
The Fair Rental price for my car was a little over 800 dollars per month for the car which includes their Fair Insurance for the car. Except it wasn't a month to month agreement, it was weekly. SO every WEEK I had to pay 200 dollars to Fair for insurance and car rental. Ok that meant that on top of my gas costs (which was thankfully low due to me driving that Prius and stopping on the side of the road between rides) I had to pay 200 bucks every week out of what I was making as an Uber Driver... at that point I was making on average 100 dollars a day (not taking into account gas and taxes I'll have to pay), so actually with all things considered for every 100 dollars I made I had to pay 20 dollars in gas and a bit of taxes as well as income tax, so for a 10 hour work day as an Uber Driver I was making roughly 60 bucks a day. I was working EVERY DAY and driving about 10 hours a day in the hostile Los Angeles traffic, and it was a living hell... I started struggling with depression and anxiety after the first assault by a rider (which I will go into after this story with Fair), and things kept getting out of hand and it was like I had to put out fires left and right.
In any case, I was barely surviving at this point and about 2 months into driving this Prius that I rented from Fair, I got a notice on my Uber app telling me that in a month my car registration would expire. I immediately called Fair Support (waiting the typical 30 minutes to 2 hours on the phone queue like a solid American), to tell them that I needed my Fair vehicle insurance to be updated and sent to me ASAP. I was told I would get the registration in the mail within 5-7 business days... two weeks later it still didn't happen, so I called them again (waiting for another 2 hours on the phone queue), and they said that I should be patient at wait... so I waited and three days before the expiration of my car registration I called yet again... and got the same response... please wait... so I did, and after my car registration DID expire, the Uber app locked me out of being able to drive for Uber, since I had an expired car registration. Great... I couldn't work for money... but wait there more! I was still getting charged 200 dollars a week for the Fair vehicle WITH NO REGISTRATION. I called them AGAIN and AGAIN and AGAIN and AGAIN practically once a day (one time I actually had to wait for 6 hours on the phone since registration is not handled by Fair Support but by Fair Concierge and Fair Concierge is only accessed by first calling Fair Support, waiting the god awful 2 hours then transferring over to Fair Concierge and waiting for another 2 eternities to get to speak with a human... but this one time I waited 6 hours...) And finally after 4 weeks... I got my new Fair Registration and new license plates for my vehicles... and I had to pay for all 4 weeks according to this company called... wait for it... FAIR. They told me that this was indeed unfair when I called them out on it and they did what again??? You guessed it... another Banana Republic gift card that can't be used to pay Rent, can't be used to pay for Gas, and can't be used to pay for my Fair Car Rental... so it does butt fuck nothing (excuse my Americanism), unless I needed some fancy clothes in a real hurry.
SO at this point I'm severely in debt and I had a maxed out credit card, and moving forward I worked 12 hour shifts, was constantly suicidal and needed my agent to submit me to an actual audition which she hasn't done for over 8 months at that point... and of course in LA anytime you call your agent to speak with them they say "I'm too busy right now"... shit got real (excuse my Americanism).
A few months later, I spoke with my parents about potentially getting help from them to pay a down payment for a car so that I can start financing my own car and pay a lot less each month towards buying my own car, than what I was paying for an UNFAIR company's vehicle.
My mother actually flew over to where I lived in LA and she fronted me the down payment to my brand new 2020 Toyota Corolla Hybrid... and I negotiated with the dealership to get my monthly payments down to about 400 dollars a month. That was half of what I was paying Fair... and this time around this is my OWN car that I'll be paying towards instead of just a rental.
Well... This makes sense then to return my Fair Vehicle right? Yeah... you can already anticipate the stress can't you? But wait, there's more!
Not only did it take a long time for Fair Concierge to come pick up the car... (adding another extra two weeks that I had to pay for the car), but once they picked it up, they continued to charge me weekly for a vehicle I no longer had... I called repeated for Fair to stop charging me but they didn't stop charging me and said it was "included in my contract" that I had to keep paying for Fair even after returning my vehicle. I nearly thought of finding the nearest Fair company location and shooting up the place. But calmer reasoning took over and I decided to simply take this to the law. I went to Court and got all the paperwork necessary to file a Small Claims against the Fair Company. I then was told that in order to serve them and press charges against them, I have to first give them FAIR WARNING ahead of time... SO I called them repeatedly (you know... again and again.. 5 hour phone queues to speak with the correct department who can actually DO something), and then finally I gave up and emailed them instead because I needed evidence for court that I actually contacted them and notified them that if they didn't stop charging me I'm taking this to a court of law. Well, they didn't stop, but I tried something else. I called my bank. I told them about the whole situation and how I want to dispute all charges made to my account by Fair since the date when I returned my vehicle. AND I wanted to dispute all charges made to my account by Fair for the four weeks I didn't have an up to date car registration. My bank's fraud department was on my side for this and helped me out with disputing all these charges and refunding me about $1000 dollars. I provided them with all the necessary documentation including screenshots of my Uber App dates when I didn't work due to the car registration issue, the dates on my car registration both old and new. I have EVERY legal piece of evidence to win my case in court and I knew it.
And once this happened the shoe was on the other foot (so to speak in Americanism) because Fair Support started to call me for money almost 24/7. I got a kick out of that one because I left a very special voice mail response and purposefully ignored all unknown calls. I won't give you my voicemail response on here but needless to say, any Fair representative got a taste of the FAIR support treatment, and was properly served legally that "I will take you to court if you want to pursue this further, and I have all the evidence to win the case".
Eventually the calls from Fair dwindled down to maybe once in a month and I'd laugh at their face when they told me they worked for Fair. Sorry but you guys deserve to be mocked... Fair company if you see this, FUCK YOU (excuse my Americanism).
Lesson 3: Do NOT ever, and I mean EVER rent a vehicle from Fair. They are UNFAIR, have shit service, long phone queues of upwards of 6 hours if you need to talk to someone who can actually change your address or do anything to your account with them... and they charge you even after you've returned your vehicle because "it's in the contract" ... yeah don't ever rent from Fair. EVER. Let this business rot in hell.
Story 3: I got assaulted in my vehicle two separate occasions as an Uber Driver
So... around February of 2019 I drove on the super bowl weekend and the team in LA apparently lost (sorry I don't follow sports... I'm more of an esports kinda guy), and I heard about it all night while driving Uber. I've already had my fair share of drunk people as a driver and I was used to it at this time and I get a lot of rides at night on weekends just like this one or so I thought...
I pulled up to a house to pick some guy up named Bob. Bob and his friend came to my car... and well, let's just say Bob is probably over 500 lbs because it took him 10 minutes to squeeze/wedge/slam/shove himself through the door of my car, took up the entire backseat with his butt and made the entire car sink down with his weight. His friend in comparison is your healthy average American of 200 lb beer belly kinda guy. They were both drunk and talking about football and I tuned them out to drive as per usual.
Then about 5 minutes into the ride, Bob fell asleep in the back of my car and woke up confused and upset and asked "Where are you taking me?" in a panicked tone of voice. His friend reassured him "we're going to the hotel, Bob, relax!" But Bob wouldn't have any of it, no, you see, BOB here thought I might have been abducting him to prove aliens existed ... or something. I'm not a mind reader ok? But he then decided the best response was to start groping me, placing both his hands on my chest. I'm a guy... but still... don't touch my nipples??? I do NOT give consent!
Well, I asked him politely or as politely as I could manage, "sir, would you mind not touching me please?" His friend looked over his shoulder at him and went "What are you doing, Bob? It's ok, just relax".
Bob reacted in anger. He didn't like being told what to do. He didn't like that he doesn't just get to grope his Uber driver. So Bob did what he thought was best, to show people how strong he was. Bob grabbed my seat belt from behind me with both hands and started to strangle me.
I was at this point driving on the 118 high way and I was going around 55 miles per hour. I started to see stars, and I tried desperately to free my airway while maintaining control of my car (This was the orange toyota Prius I was renting from Fair). I thought in my mind, "Oh shit, so this is how it ends... how undignified".... and I was almost about to pass out but I got some more circulation because Bob's friend was helping me pull the seatbelt down... I also pulled down so that instead of it being on my neck it was on my collarbone, and I could breath again but barely, the seatbelt was pressed against my collar bone with enough force to feel like I was in a major car accident, except Bob kept crushing it against me by leaning back with it and pulling with his weight. I thought about pulling over... even just abandoning the vehicle to run for my life... but instead I was in a state of shock and drove them to their destination which was a hotel...
Uber had another customer lined up for me... so I took the next rider in a slightly dazed and confused state... I was probably not safe to drive at that point but I wasn't even really aware... I was kind of on auto pilot at that point, but I told the next drunk passenger what happened, and she said she was the wife of a cop, and that I should call the cops immediately. So after I dropped HER off I called 911, and the police came to where I lived and got my report, and took pictures of my now bruised collarbone and neck area. I was asked if I wanted to press charges and I said I did, and they told me I'd hear from the District Attorney's office in about 3 weeks.
I waited... Nothing ... The DA's office never reached out to me...
I was depressed and had PTSD from this incident and it was so bad that I couldn't go out the next day to get back to work as an Uber Driver. I couldn't go out to work the day after that... nor the next week... I had to take a full month off. My roommates (one of whom was the house mom sorta, and was rather Jewish in both descent and behavior) instead of showing sympathy or being compassionate was trying to evict me or threatening to since I was late on rent, and I had to call my mom to help me at the time with rent.
I tried to work up the courage to drive again, but for that whole month the best I could do was sit in my car and cry.
And guess what? Wouldn't you know it... because wait... there's more.
The very first night I started to feel better enough to go drive again... the very first customer that night, was a drunk guy... who held a switch blade to my throat.
Yup... it went something like this... he got in... he asked where I'm from in a friendly tone... both him and his friend were drunk off their ass and having a good time. I told him I'm from the Bay Area from northern california and they said "NorCal? You better not say Hella". I'm like, "Ok, sure thing, I won't say Hella" because I suppose it's a bit of a stereotype that Northern Californians like to say "hella" like "oh that's Hella cool man!" for extra emphasis. And I took it in stride and laughed and said I won't say hella if it bothered him, and actually I don't say it that often anymore anyways since I've been living in LA for acting.
But then he pulled out his switch blade and held it to my throat. "Don't fucking say hella".
"I won't dude."
"Don't you fucking say it! I'm warning you!"
"I won't say it..."
I just kept driving, hands on the wheel, eyes on the road... my heart actually stopped dead at one point. My mind was just a total blank.
This guy literally drops his knife on seat next to me on his way out of my car when I dropped him off... I looked at him and asked him to "please remove your knife from my car" and nodded to it... I could have driven off with it as evidence... but I just... was done at this point. He looked at the knife then back at me... then paused and realized at that moment what he just did. I waited for what seemed like 10 minutes as he stood there eyeing me...
I mean, I actually wasn't scared for my life this time. Not because I wasn't in any danger, but he was drunk and thought this whole time that this was a joke and that he was using his knife for emphasis. That was what my read on the situation was, and that was why I wasn't driving away in a panic. I wasn't scared for my life in that moment, and I just wanted to be done with him...
He took his knife from my car and closed the door, and tipped me on the app. I drove off. And didn't drive for another week. But I was financially destitute and in debt and living off of food stamps at this point so I had to get back on the road despite the PTSD... in fact, the next time I got a Bob as a customer for my "next ride", I promptly pulled over, almost threw up, and declined the ride.
I eventually called the DA's (District Attorney)'s office to see what's going on and what's taking them so long to let me press charges. I found out my case was dropped. Dropped?! I was told that there's no evidence...
I was outraged. I had all the evidence in the world. I had my Uber app which documents the ride took place. I have his address. I have his name. I have the time stamp of when the ride started, when the ride ended, and I also have the timestamp for the police report, not to mention they took photos of my neck injury.
And I called the person in charge of my case... some guy named Minoui... He told me he dropped the case because Bob had a witness and it was his friend who testified that nothing happened. That this case was just a he said she said at this point. I told him about the pile of evidence I had on my side and how I didn't even get asked by the DA my side of the story or whether I had evidence and that I have a PHOTO of my injuries. He said "oh" like he didn't realize that, then said that the case is closed, that he has years of experience (Tone of voice was condescending like he was talking to a kid) and that even if we put this in front of a judge we can't get a conviction because the jury has to vote unanimously. I told him I wanted it in a court of law anyway and that he didn't have the right to be judge and jury for my case, and then he told me rudely that he did as a DA and hung up on me. I tried to "speak to a manager" by calling his higher up, and his higher up just backed him up... told me I had no case, that the guy had no priors so he's "unimpeachable", I told him " so I can just go out and murder someone and you don't even put my case in a court because I have no priors so I'm UNIMPEACHABLE?" He said there's not enough evidence of injury, that I didn't have a doctor's diagnosis, nor do I have video evidence. I didn't bring up that the guy was WHITE and I'm a minority (Asian) but essentially that's what it felt was going on at that point in the conversation, and I just hung up on this prick, I then called the County Superintendent/Supervisers... Super something ... Board of Trustteess? Fuck I don't know, important douchebags paid to look important who signs off on paperwork that affects the lives of many. Some librarian told me that's who is in charge of the DA schmucks. SO I called them and THEY told me that it was perfectly in the right of the DA to decide what gets put in front of a judge and what doesn't get put in front of a judge and please stop swearing. I told them they can go... well you know what I told them (excuse my Americanism).
It was at this point I also called Uber Support for further evidence. Some Indian guy with a heavy accent replied on the phone and said "I'm bery bery sori sir, but I cunt dew anyting about dis, but I understand your frustratin' and I cunt halp yew with dis. We cannot give out information about our passengers". I was just asking for information to use as proof to reopen my case mind you, but they just wouldn't budge on the phone with me, so THAT's how much Uber cares for the safety of their drivers... ZILCH... NADA, UBER DON'T GIVE A CRAP ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO MAKE THEM THEIR MONEY.
Lesson 4: I put a camera in my car now on my dash and I point it directly at me for my own protection whenever I drive now... that's the only way you can prove some white drunk asshole strangled you in your car apparently. If you're a minority and you drive ride share, I suggest you do the same. If you're white, you don't worry about a thing, the law's got your back.
submitted by Howhowhathere to uberdrivers [link] [comments]


2020.02.16 20:23 Howhowhathere My experiences as an Uber Driver, Fair (car rental) customer, and Lyft Driver (LONG)

As you all may know by now, Uber and Lyft have become quite common as apps that replaced Taxis for the most part in major cities and towns as a way to get a ride, and it's a service provided by individual contractors like myself who use a different app as the ride provider to earn an income or sometimes it is marketed as a way to have a "side hustle" to make more income on top of a main job.
I want to share my personal horror stories as a driver and user of these apps as well as offer some incite to other drivers out there on the road. I hope we can all learn from my experiences.
For starters, I'm an actor in Los Angeles so instead of waiting tables or trying to be a bartender, (or turning to prostitution for that matter), I decided to make an income through ride share driving to get myself some flexibility to my schedule for acting auditions (usually at short notice).
Story 1: Early days of Rideshare Driving.
Initially I had my own used 2002 Volkswagen Passat, and it was a car I grew up with and loved and it was very reliable. I signed up solely with Uber at first and in the early days of the app when they gave out incentives and "rush hour" bonuses. In the early days it was very hard to make any money driving the app unless you specifically targeted those large 2x and sometimes 7x earning bonuses. Based on my miles per gallon on my Volkswagen I was actually only making about 3 dollars per hour during most of the day due to the infrequent rides, due to my gas cost, and due to the fact that Uber took a large portion of my earnings per ride. And at that time if I drove during the busy rush hours to catch bonuses, I earned about 20 dollars per hour or sometimes even 30 depending on traffic and how fast I can dodge through it to get another ride with a massive bonus. Of course this wasn't healthy for the long run and it was VERY HARD to earn a steady income and caused a LOT of stress due to having to drive during rush hour traffic in downtown LA to even earn something close to a minimum wage job on average since rush hour only lasted about 2-3 hours each day and the rest of the day it's very hard to get any customers other than the early adopters.
Lesson 1: What I learned during this time is to look at the formula of how we got paid, and to calculate my own gas costs, (also taxes!) to see just how much am I actually earning per hour and to look for ways to lower my own costs down and make more money. I found that the best practice is to turn on the app but park my car somewhere in a decently busy area when I'm in between rides instead of driving around burning gas looking for new rides. This significantly lowered my gas costs down and I am also reducing traffic by doing this! I allowed the App to look for rides and nearby customers for me and I drove a lot less. Think of in between rides as breaks...
Lesson 2: There's a pattern to when there's more demand for rides and I found different times to be on the road that worked for me. It didn't have to be rush hour traffic in 5PM LA, it could be also early mornings when people were waking up to go to work early in the morning, or going to the airport! And it was VERY profitable to pick up long rides back then as it reduced the time between waiting for new rides and I earned a lot more whenever I found these longer rides!
Story 2: Car Problems and the disgusting business called Fair.
My Volkswagen eventually started breaking down and having problems, this happened repeated over the course of 2 years with me having to repeatedly pay large sums to fix my car and at first it was just to change the car batteries, and small expenses... but then soon it started to get really crazy with timing belt changes, and then when the car overheated from a coolant leak that (suspiciously happened immediately after I had an oil change done by a shady mechanic) I had damage to the engine from the overheating... and that was when I knew, fixing my car wasn't going to be worth it... I started eating parking tickets for "abandoned vehicle" which also doubled several times because I didn't know that my car would get ticketed for even being parked... and a long story short I couldn't pay $2000 to fix the car when it was my main source of income and I couldn't sell it since it was broken, and I had to junk it.
In comes my idea to rent a vehicle instead! Haha, that might have sounded like a smart idea at the time, and it was also at the time when Fair partnered up with Uber to offer rental cars. I tried to get a car from Fair and this is what happened:
Initially I called Fair support to see when I can get to pick up the vehicle I wanted... a nice little orange 2016 Toyota Prius with barely 9000 miles on it. They told me the car was in San Diego... Keep in mind I don't have a car at this point and I lived in Los Angeles. I asked them if they could deliver it to me and they told me yes, but at this point Uber has my address as Glendale, which was a while ago when I first signed up with Uber, and of course as an actor who barely lives rent to rent, I had to move around quite often, so this was no longer my current address at the time. I told the Fair support that that was not my address and that I lived in Chatsworth... well that was a disaster, because they told me because my address is no longer up to date, I can't get the car delivered to me by the Fair Concierge team... and ooook? SO what do you want me to do, Fair? They told me to change my address with them, and I went "ok great! let's do that" but Fair Support doesn't have the authorization to change the address on my Fair account... NO... that's something only the Fair Concierge team can do for me and they are only accessible through first calling the Fair Support team on their support line... waiting between 30 minutes to 2 hours on the phone for someone to pick up, tell them to transfer me to the Fair Concierge team so I can change my address, then waiting another 2 hours or so for the Fair Concierge team to pick up the phone and talk about changing my Address with them. And here's how THAT interaction went:
a. They told me I needed to provide proof of address... and again as an actor who moved around a lot, I typically sublet a single room and have no utility bills and no pay stubs to use since hey guess what, I'm an UBER DRIVER. This is a conversation after 2-3 hours waiting between Fair Support, then transferring to Fair Concierge....
b. I called repeatedly asking them to change my address, I literally stood outside my new address with my phone and took pictures of me next to the mailbox number... and held up a sign with the street name, and they told me they can't accept that... so I had to try MANY different times calling them to see if this works, no? Ok how about this other thing I got in the mail? NO? Could somebody please give me a LIST of the acceptable proof of address documents?! OH ok finally... and after much trying and dialing and waiting for literally DAYS worth of time on the phone, I got someone who gave me a very helpful suggestion, That I take an UBER ride as a rider down to San Diego to the car to pick it up and that Fair offers to pay for up to 100 miles worth of Uber ride to go pick up the vehicle... well great... I thanked the man for his offer and took him up on it, but it turns out it was 200 miles between Los Angeles and San Diego so that meant that I had to get TWO 100 mile long Uber rides and only 1 of them could be covered by the company called... Fair (this name is getting ironic, but wait... there's more)
c. Not only did I have to pay out of pocket for my second 100 mile ride to pick up the car in San Diego, but the first 100 mile ride was "paid for" by Fair in the form of a gift card... yes.. a gift card which I could only use at select stores such as Nordstroms, Banana Republic, Gap, Old Navy, etc... I don't know what gave them the impression that a guy who drives Uber for a living would need to shop at Banana Republic and how a gift card for Banana Republic is in any way a form of compensation for hundreds of dollars worth of UBER rides down to pick up a rental car that they were supposed to deliver to me completely free if they didn't have an asinine Change of Address Policy that also includes "You can't change your address with Fair unless you have been renting from Fair for at least 40 days"... so it was a perpetual catch 22, since I can't get it delivered to me if I don't have an up to date address, AND I can't change said address without having had rented a car from Fair for 40 days... This should have been a red flag from the get go, but I was getting pretty desperate since I needed a vehicle to not only drive for Uber, but I needed a vehicle to get anywhere period, and not only was I running out of savings fast, but I also had to get a reliable way to get to auditions... and at this point I was taking the metroline and buses and it would take like a 6 hour round trip to get to auditions downtown from Chatsworth by bus... it was insanity and I really really needed a car... so I here I was... Fair has me cornered, despite their nonsensical policies... SO I picked up my Fair vehicle which I found out didn't belong to Fair, but an actual car dealership doing this program with Fair... so... essentially Fair has no capital invested... they have a contractual agreement with car dealerships to rent their cars, and then they have an agreement with Uber to rent cars to Uber drivers that Uber approves of... and so all they do is B2B service and their service is GOD AWFUL? I should have known better, but hindsight is 20/20 and all that...
So I got my car from Fair, and the car was really nice! I drove it 200 miles back to where I lived so that the round trip cost me upwards of $200 in gas and Uber trip costs... I got a car that I had to make an immediate down payment for and my first month's car rental cost as well, and on top of that and I got a 100 dollar gift card to freakin Banana Republic... great... let's get started with my Actual experiences driving with Fair shall we?
The Fair Rental price for my car was a little over 800 dollars per month for the car which includes their Fair Insurance for the car. Except it wasn't a month to month agreement, it was weekly. SO every WEEK I had to pay 200 dollars to Fair for insurance and car rental. Ok that meant that on top of my gas costs (which was thankfully low due to me driving that Prius and stopping on the side of the road between rides) I had to pay 200 bucks every week out of what I was making as an Uber Driver... at that point I was making on average 100 dollars a day (not taking into account gas and taxes I'll have to pay), so actually with all things considered for every 100 dollars I made I had to pay 20 dollars in gas and a bit of taxes as well as income tax, so for a 10 hour work day as an Uber Driver I was making roughly 60 bucks a day. I was working EVERY DAY and driving about 10 hours a day in the hostile Los Angeles traffic, and it was a living hell... I started struggling with depression and anxiety after the first assault by a rider (which I will go into after this story with Fair), and things kept getting out of hand and it was like I had to put out fires left and right.
In any case, I was barely surviving at this point and about 2 months into driving this Prius that I rented from Fair, I got a notice on my Uber app telling me that in a month my car registration would expire. I immediately called Fair Support (waiting the typical 30 minutes to 2 hours on the phone queue like a solid American), to tell them that I needed my Fair vehicle insurance to be updated and sent to me ASAP. I was told I would get the registration in the mail within 5-7 business days... two weeks later it still didn't happen, so I called them again (waiting for another 2 hours on the phone queue), and they said that I should be patient at wait... so I waited and three days before the expiration of my car registration I called yet again... and got the same response... please wait... so I did, and after my car registration DID expire, the Uber app locked me out of being able to drive for Uber, since I had an expired car registration. Great... I couldn't work for money... but wait there more! I was still getting charged 200 dollars a week for the Fair vehicle WITH NO REGISTRATION. I called them AGAIN and AGAIN and AGAIN and AGAIN practically once a day (one time I actually had to wait for 6 hours on the phone since registration is not handled by Fair Support but by Fair Concierge and Fair Concierge is only accessed by first calling Fair Support, waiting the god awful 2 hours then transferring over to Fair Concierge and waiting for another 2 eternities to get to speak with a human... but this one time I waited 6 hours...) And finally after 4 weeks... I got my new Fair Registration and new license plates for my vehicles... and I had to pay for all 4 weeks according to this company called... wait for it... FAIR. They told me that this was indeed unfair when I called them out on it and they did what again??? You guessed it... another Banana Republic gift card that can't be used to pay Rent, can't be used to pay for Gas, and can't be used to pay for my Fair Car Rental... so it does butt fuck nothing (excuse my Americanism), unless I needed some fancy clothes in a real hurry.
SO at this point I'm severely in debt and I had a maxed out credit card, and moving forward I worked 12 hour shifts, was constantly suicidal and needed my agent to submit me to an actual audition which she hasn't done for over 8 months at that point... and of course in LA anytime you call your agent to speak with them they say "I'm too busy right now"... shit got real (excuse my Americanism).
A few months later, I spoke with my parents about potentially getting help from them to pay a down payment for a car so that I can start financing my own car and pay a lot less each month towards buying my own car, than what I was paying for an UNFAIR company's vehicle.
My mother actually flew over to where I lived in LA and she fronted me the down payment to my brand new 2020 Toyota Corolla Hybrid... and I negotiated with the dealership to get my monthly payments down to about 400 dollars a month. That was half of what I was paying Fair... and this time around this is my OWN car that I'll be paying towards instead of just a rental.
Well... This makes sense then to return my Fair Vehicle right? Yeah... you can already anticipate the stress can't you? But wait, there's more!
Not only did it take a long time for Fair Concierge to come pick up the car... (adding another extra two weeks that I had to pay for the car), but once they picked it up, they continued to charge me weekly for a vehicle I no longer had... I called repeated for Fair to stop charging me but they didn't stop charging me and said it was "included in my contract" that I had to keep paying for Fair even after returning my vehicle. I nearly thought of finding the nearest Fair company location and shooting up the place. But calmer reasoning took over and I decided to simply take this to the law. I went to Court and got all the paperwork necessary to file a Small Claims against the Fair Company. I then was told that in order to serve them and press charges against them, I have to first give them FAIR WARNING ahead of time... SO I called them repeatedly (you know... again and again.. 5 hour phone queues to speak with the correct department who can actually DO something), and then finally I gave up and emailed them instead because I needed evidence for court that I actually contacted them and notified them that if they didn't stop charging me I'm taking this to a court of law. Well, they didn't stop, but I tried something else. I called my bank. I told them about the whole situation and how I want to dispute all charges made to my account by Fair since the date when I returned my vehicle. AND I wanted to dispute all charges made to my account by Fair for the four weeks I didn't have an up to date car registration. My bank's fraud department was on my side for this and helped me out with disputing all these charges and refunding me about $1000 dollars. I provided them with all the necessary documentation including screenshots of my Uber App dates when I didn't work due to the car registration issue, the dates on my car registration both old and new. I have EVERY legal piece of evidence to win my case in court and I knew it.
And once this happened the shoe was on the other foot (so to speak in Americanism) because Fair Support started to call me for money almost 24/7. I got a kick out of that one because I left a very special voice mail response and purposefully ignored all unknown calls. I won't give you my voicemail response on here but needless to say, any Fair representative got a taste of the FAIR support treatment, and was properly served legally that "I will take you to court if you want to pursue this further, and I have all the evidence to win the case".
Eventually the calls from Fair dwindled down to maybe once in a month and I'd laugh at their face when they told me they worked for Fair. Sorry but you guys deserve to be mocked... Fair company if you see this, FUCK YOU (excuse my Americanism).
Lesson 3: Do NOT ever, and I mean EVER rent a vehicle from Fair. They are UNFAIR, have shit service, long phone queues of upwards of 6 hours if you need to talk to someone who can actually change your address or do anything to your account with them... and they charge you even after you've returned your vehicle because "it's in the contract" ... yeah don't ever rent from Fair. EVER. Let this business rot in hell.
Story 3: I got assaulted in my vehicle two separate occasions as an Uber Driver
So... around February of 2019 I drove on the super bowl weekend and the team in LA apparently lost (sorry I don't follow sports... I'm more of an esports kinda guy), and I heard about it all night while driving Uber. I've already had my fair share of drunk people as a driver and I was used to it at this time and I get a lot of rides at night on weekends just like this one or so I thought...
I pulled up to a house to pick some guy up named Bob. Bob and his friend came to my car... and well, let's just say Bob is probably over 500 lbs because it took him 10 minutes to squeeze/wedge/slam/shove himself through the door of my car, took up the entire backseat with his butt and made the entire car sink down with his weight. His friend in comparison is your healthy average American of 200 lb beer belly kinda guy. They were both drunk and talking about football and I tuned them out to drive as per usual.
Then about 5 minutes into the ride, Bob fell asleep in the back of my car and woke up confused and upset and asked "Where are you taking me?" in a panicked tone of voice. His friend reassured him "we're going to the hotel, Bob, relax!" But Bob wouldn't have any of it, no, you see, BOB here thought I might have been abducting him to prove aliens existed ... or something. I'm not a mind reader ok? But he then decided the best response was to start groping me, placing both his hands on my chest. I'm a guy... but still... don't touch my nipples??? I do NOT give consent!
Well, I asked him politely or as politely as I could manage, "sir, would you mind not touching me please?" His friend looked over his shoulder at him and went "What are you doing, Bob? It's ok, just relax".
Bob reacted in anger. He didn't like being told what to do. He didn't like that he doesn't just get to grope his Uber driver. So Bob did what he thought was best, to show people how strong he was. Bob grabbed my seat belt from behind me with both hands and started to strangle me.
I was at this point driving on the 118 high way and I was going around 55 miles per hour. I started to see stars, and I tried desperately to free my airway while maintaining control of my car (This was the orange toyota Prius I was renting from Fair). I thought in my mind, "Oh shit, so this is how it ends... how undignified".... and I was almost about to pass out but I got some more circulation because Bob's friend was helping me pull the seatbelt down... I also pulled down so that instead of it being on my neck it was on my collarbone, and I could breath again but barely, the seatbelt was pressed against my collar bone with enough force to feel like I was in a major car accident, except Bob kept crushing it against me by leaning back with it and pulling with his weight. I thought about pulling over... even just abandoning the vehicle to run for my life... but instead I was in a state of shock and drove them to their destination which was a hotel...
Uber had another customer lined up for me... so I took the next rider in a slightly dazed and confused state... I was probably not safe to drive at that point but I wasn't even really aware... I was kind of on auto pilot at that point, but I told the next drunk passenger what happened, and she said she was the wife of a cop, and that I should call the cops immediately. So after I dropped HER off I called 911, and the police came to where I lived and got my report, and took pictures of my now bruised collarbone and neck area. I was asked if I wanted to press charges and I said I did, and they told me I'd hear from the District Attorney's office in about 3 weeks.
I waited... Nothing ... The DA's office never reached out to me...
I was depressed and had PTSD from this incident and it was so bad that I couldn't go out the next day to get back to work as an Uber Driver. I couldn't go out to work the day after that... nor the next week... I had to take a full month off. My roommates (one of whom was the house mom sorta, and was rather Jewish in both descent and behavior) instead of showing sympathy or being compassionate was trying to evict me or threatening to since I was late on rent, and I had to call my mom to help me at the time with rent.
I tried to work up the courage to drive again, but for that whole month the best I could do was sit in my car and cry.
And guess what? Wouldn't you know it... because wait... there's more.
The very first night I started to feel better enough to go drive again... the very first customer that night, was a drunk guy... who held a switch blade to my throat.
Yup... it went something like this... he got in... he asked where I'm from in a friendly tone... both him and his friend were drunk off their ass and having a good time. I told him I'm from the Bay Area from northern california and they said "NorCal? You better not say Hella". I'm like, "Ok, sure thing, I won't say Hella" because I suppose it's a bit of a stereotype that Northern Californians like to say "hella" like "oh that's Hella cool man!" for extra emphasis. And I took it in stride and laughed and said I won't say hella if it bothered him, and actually I don't say it that often anymore anyways since I've been living in LA for acting.
But then he pulled out his switch blade and held it to my throat. "Don't fucking say hella".
"I won't dude."
"Don't you fucking say it! I'm warning you!"
"I won't say it..."
I just kept driving, hands on the wheel, eyes on the road... my heart actually stopped dead at one point. My mind was just a total blank.
This guy literally drops his knife on seat next to me on his way out of my car when I dropped him off... I looked at him and asked him to "please remove your knife from my car" and nodded to it... I could have driven off with it as evidence... but I just... was done at this point. He looked at the knife then back at me... then paused and realized at that moment what he just did. I waited for what seemed like 10 minutes as he stood there eyeing me...
I mean, I actually wasn't scared for my life this time. Not because I wasn't in any danger, but he was drunk and thought this whole time that this was a joke and that he was using his knife for emphasis. That was what my read on the situation was, and that was why I wasn't driving away in a panic. I wasn't scared for my life in that moment, and I just wanted to be done with him...
He took his knife from my car and closed the door, and tipped me on the app. I drove off. And didn't drive for another week. But I was financially destitute and in debt and living off of food stamps at this point so I had to get back on the road despite the PTSD... in fact, the next time I got a Bob as a customer for my "next ride", I promptly pulled over, almost threw up, and declined the ride.
I eventually called the DA's (District Attorney)'s office to see what's going on and what's taking them so long to let me press charges. I found out my case was dropped. Dropped?! I was told that there's no evidence...
I was outraged. I had all the evidence in the world. I had my Uber app which documents the ride took place. I have his address. I have his name. I have the time stamp of when the ride started, when the ride ended, and I also have the timestamp for the police report, not to mention they took photos of my neck injury.
And I called the person in charge of my case... some guy named Minoui... He told me he dropped the case because Bob had a witness and it was his friend who testified that nothing happened. That this case was just a he said she said at this point. I told him about the pile of evidence I had on my side and how I didn't even get asked by the DA my side of the story or whether I had evidence and that I have a PHOTO of my injuries. He said "oh" like he didn't realize that, then said that the case is closed, that he has years of experience (Tone of voice was condescending like he was talking to a kid) and that even if we put this in front of a judge we can't get a conviction because the jury has to vote unanimously. I told him I wanted it in a court of law anyway and that he didn't have the right to be judge and jury for my case, and then he told me rudely that he did as a DA and hung up on me. I tried to "speak to a manager" by calling his higher up, and his higher up just backed him up... told me I had no case, that the guy had no priors so he's "unimpeachable", I told him " so I can just go out and murder someone and you don't even put my case in a court because I have no priors so I'm UNIMPEACHABLE?" He said there's not enough evidence of injury, that I didn't have a doctor's diagnosis, nor do I have video evidence. I didn't bring up that the guy was WHITE and I'm a minority (Asian) but essentially that's what it felt was going on at that point in the conversation, and I just hung up on this prick, I then called the County Superintendent/Supervisers... Super something ... Board of Trustteess? Fuck I don't know, important douchebags paid to look important who signs off on paperwork that affects the lives of many. Some librarian told me that's who is in charge of the DA schmucks. SO I called them and THEY told me that it was perfectly in the right of the DA to decide what gets put in front of a judge and what doesn't get put in front of a judge and please stop swearing. I told them they can go... well you know what I told them (excuse my Americanism).
It was at this point I also called Uber Support for further evidence. Some Indian guy with a heavy accent replied on the phone and said "I'm bery bery sori sir, but I cunt dew anyting about dis, but I understand your frustratin' and I cunt halp yew with dis. We cannot give out information about our passengers". I was just asking for information to use as proof to reopen my case mind you, but they just wouldn't budge on the phone with me, so THAT's how much Uber cares for the safety of their drivers... ZILCH... NADA, UBER DON'T GIVE A CRAP ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO MAKE THEM THEIR MONEY.
Lesson 4: I put a camera in my car now on my dash and I point it directly at me for my own protection whenever I drive now... that's the only way you can prove some white drunk asshole strangled you in your car apparently. If you're a minority and you drive ride share, I suggest you do the same. If you're white, you don't worry about a thing, the law's got your back.
submitted by Howhowhathere to lyftdrivers [link] [comments]


2020.02.16 20:19 Howhowhathere My experiences as an Uber driver, Lyft Driver, and Fair Vehicle Rental Customer.

As you all may know by now, Uber and Lyft have become quite common as apps that replaced Taxis for the most part in major cities and towns as a way to get a ride, and it's a service provided by individual contractors like myself who use a different app as the ride provider to earn an income or sometimes it is marketed as a way to have a "side hustle" to make more income on top of a main job.
I want to share my personal horror stories as a driver and user of these apps as well as offer some incite to other drivers out there on the road. I hope we can all learn from my experiences.
For starters, I'm an actor in Los Angeles so instead of waiting tables or trying to be a bartender, (or turning to prostitution for that matter), I decided to make an income through ride share driving to get myself some flexibility to my schedule for acting auditions (usually at short notice).

Story 1: Early days of Rideshare Driving.
Initially I had my own used 2002 Volkswagen Passat, and it was a car I grew up with and loved and it was very reliable. I signed up solely with Uber at first and in the early days of the app when they gave out incentives and "rush hour" bonuses. In the early days it was very hard to make any money driving the app unless you specifically targeted those large 2x and sometimes 7x earning bonuses. Based on my miles per gallon on my Volkswagen I was actually only making about 3 dollars per hour during most of the day due to the infrequent rides, due to my gas cost, and due to the fact that Uber took a large portion of my earnings per ride. And at that time if I drove during the busy rush hours to catch bonuses, I earned about 20 dollars per hour or sometimes even 30 depending on traffic and how fast I can dodge through it to get another ride with a massive bonus. Of course this wasn't healthy for the long run and it was VERY HARD to earn a steady income and caused a LOT of stress due to having to drive during rush hour traffic in downtown LA to even earn something close to a minimum wage job on average since rush hour only lasted about 2-3 hours each day and the rest of the day it's very hard to get any customers other than the early adopters.
Lesson 1: What I learned during this time is to look at the formula of how we got paid, and to calculate my own gas costs, (also taxes!) to see just how much am I actually earning per hour and to look for ways to lower my own costs down and make more money. I found that the best practice is to turn on the app but park my car somewhere in a decently busy area when I'm in between rides instead of driving around burning gas looking for new rides. This significantly lowered my gas costs down and I am also reducing traffic by doing this! I allowed the App to look for rides and nearby customers for me and I drove a lot less. Think of in between rides as breaks...
Lesson 2: There's a pattern to when there's more demand for rides and I found different times to be on the road that worked for me. It didn't have to be rush hour traffic in 5PM LA, it could be also early mornings when people were waking up to go to work early in the morning, or going to the airport! And it was VERY profitable to pick up long rides back then as it reduced the time between waiting for new rides and I earned a lot more whenever I found these longer rides!

Story 2: Car Problems and the disgusting business called Fair.
My Volkswagen eventually started breaking down and having problems, this happened repeated over the course of 2 years with me having to repeatedly pay large sums to fix my car and at first it was just to change the car batteries, and small expenses... but then soon it started to get really crazy with timing belt changes, and then when the car overheated from a coolant leak that (suspiciously happened immediately after I had an oil change done by a shady mechanic) I had damage to the engine from the overheating... and that was when I knew, fixing my car wasn't going to be worth it... I started eating parking tickets for "abandoned vehicle" which also doubled several times because I didn't know that my car would get ticketed for even being parked... and a long story short I couldn't pay $2000 to fix the car when it was my main source of income and I couldn't sell it since it was broken, and I had to junk it.
In comes my idea to rent a vehicle instead! Haha, that might have sounded like a smart idea at the time, and it was also at the time when Fair partnered up with Uber to offer rental cars. I tried to get a car from Fair and this is what happened:
Initially I called Fair support to see when I can get to pick up the vehicle I wanted... a nice little orange 2016 Toyota Prius with barely 9000 miles on it. They told me the car was in San Diego... Keep in mind I don't have a car at this point and I lived in Los Angeles. I asked them if they could deliver it to me and they told me yes, but at this point Uber has my address as Glendale, which was a while ago when I first signed up with Uber, and of course as an actor who barely lives rent to rent, I had to move around quite often, so this was no longer my current address at the time. I told the Fair support that that was not my address and that I lived in Chatsworth... well that was a disaster, because they told me because my address is no longer up to date, I can't get the car delivered to me by the Fair Concierge team... and ooook? SO what do you want me to do, Fair? They told me to change my address with them, and I went "ok great! let's do that" but Fair Support doesn't have the authorization to change the address on my Fair account... NO... that's something only the Fair Concierge team can do for me and they are only accessible through first calling the Fair Support team on their support line... waiting between 30 minutes to 2 hours on the phone for someone to pick up, tell them to transfer me to the Fair Concierge team so I can change my address, then waiting another 2 hours or so for the Fair Concierge team to pick up the phone and talk about changing my Address with them. And here's how THAT interaction went:
a. They told me I needed to provide proof of address... and again as an actor who moved around a lot, I typically sublet a single room and have no utility bills and no pay stubs to use since hey guess what, I'm an UBER DRIVER. This is a conversation after 2-3 hours waiting between Fair Support, then transferring to Fair Concierge....
b. I called repeatedly asking them to change my address, I literally stood outside my new address with my phone and took pictures of me next to the mailbox number... and held up a sign with the street name, and they told me they can't accept that... so I had to try MANY different times calling them to see if this works, no? Ok how about this other thing I got in the mail? NO? Could somebody please give me a LIST of the acceptable proof of address documents?! OH ok finally... and after much trying and dialing and waiting for literally DAYS worth of time on the phone, I got someone who gave me a very helpful suggestion, That I take an UBER ride as a rider down to San Diego to the car to pick it up and that Fair offers to pay for up to 100 miles worth of Uber ride to go pick up the vehicle... well great... I thanked the man for his offer and took him up on it, but it turns out it was 200 miles between Los Angeles and San Diego so that meant that I had to get TWO 100 mile long Uber rides and only 1 of them could be covered by the company called... Fair (this name is getting ironic, but wait... there's more)
c. Not only did I have to pay out of pocket for my second 100 mile ride to pick up the car in San Diego, but the first 100 mile ride was "paid for" by Fair in the form of a gift card... yes.. a gift card which I could only use at select stores such as Nordstroms, Banana Republic, Gap, Old Navy, etc... I don't know what gave them the impression that a guy who drives Uber for a living would need to shop at Banana Republic and how a gift card for Banana Republic is in any way a form of compensation for hundreds of dollars worth of UBER rides down to pick up a rental car that they were supposed to deliver to me completely free if they didn't have an asinine Change of Address Policy that also includes "You can't change your address with Fair unless you have been renting from Fair for at least 40 days"... so it was a perpetual catch 22, since I can't get it delivered to me if I don't have an up to date address, AND I can't change said address without having had rented a car from Fair for 40 days... This should have been a red flag from the get go, but I was getting pretty desperate since I needed a vehicle to not only drive for Uber, but I needed a vehicle to get anywhere period, and not only was I running out of savings fast, but I also had to get a reliable way to get to auditions... and at this point I was taking the metroline and buses and it would take like a 6 hour round trip to get to auditions downtown from Chatsworth by bus... it was insanity and I really really needed a car... so I here I was... Fair has me cornered, despite their nonsensical policies... SO I picked up my Fair vehicle which I found out didn't belong to Fair, but an actual car dealership doing this program with Fair... so... essentially Fair has no capital invested... they have a contractual agreement with car dealerships to rent their cars, and then they have an agreement with Uber to rent cars to Uber drivers that Uber approves of... and so all they do is B2B service and their service is GOD AWFUL? I should have known better, but hindsight is 20/20 and all that...
So I got my car from Fair, and the car was really nice! I drove it 200 miles back to where I lived so that the round trip cost me upwards of $200 in gas and Uber trip costs... I got a car that I had to make an immediate down payment for and my first month's car rental cost as well, and on top of that and I got a 100 dollar gift card to freakin Banana Republic... great... let's get started with my Actual experiences driving with Fair shall we?
The Fair Rental price for my car was a little over 800 dollars per month for the car which includes their Fair Insurance for the car. Except it wasn't a month to month agreement, it was weekly. SO every WEEK I had to pay 200 dollars to Fair for insurance and car rental. Ok that meant that on top of my gas costs (which was thankfully low due to me driving that Prius and stopping on the side of the road between rides) I had to pay 200 bucks every week out of what I was making as an Uber Driver... at that point I was making on average 100 dollars a day (not taking into account gas and taxes I'll have to pay), so actually with all things considered for every 100 dollars I made I had to pay 20 dollars in gas and a bit of taxes as well as income tax, so for a 10 hour work day as an Uber Driver I was making roughly 60 bucks a day. I was working EVERY DAY and driving about 10 hours a day in the hostile Los Angeles traffic, and it was a living hell... I started struggling with depression and anxiety after the first assault by a rider (which I will go into after this story with Fair), and things kept getting out of hand and it was like I had to put out fires left and right.
In any case, I was barely surviving at this point and about 2 months into driving this Prius that I rented from Fair, I got a notice on my Uber app telling me that in a month my car registration would expire. I immediately called Fair Support (waiting the typical 30 minutes to 2 hours on the phone queue like a solid American), to tell them that I needed my Fair vehicle insurance to be updated and sent to me ASAP. I was told I would get the registration in the mail within 5-7 business days... two weeks later it still didn't happen, so I called them again (waiting for another 2 hours on the phone queue), and they said that I should be patient at wait... so I waited and three days before the expiration of my car registration I called yet again... and got the same response... please wait... so I did, and after my car registration DID expire, the Uber app locked me out of being able to drive for Uber, since I had an expired car registration. Great... I couldn't work for money... but wait there more! I was still getting charged 200 dollars a week for the Fair vehicle WITH NO REGISTRATION. I called them AGAIN and AGAIN and AGAIN and AGAIN practically once a day (one time I actually had to wait for 6 hours on the phone since registration is not handled by Fair Support but by Fair Concierge and Fair Concierge is only accessed by first calling Fair Support, waiting the god awful 2 hours then transferring over to Fair Concierge and waiting for another 2 eternities to get to speak with a human... but this one time I waited 6 hours...) And finally after 4 weeks... I got my new Fair Registration and new license plates for my vehicles... and I had to pay for all 4 weeks according to this company called... wait for it... FAIR. They told me that this was indeed unfair when I called them out on it and they did what again??? You guessed it... another Banana Republic gift card that can't be used to pay Rent, can't be used to pay for Gas, and can't be used to pay for my Fair Car Rental... so it does butt fuck nothing (excuse my Americanism), unless I needed some fancy clothes in a real hurry.
SO at this point I'm severely in debt and I had a maxed out credit card, and moving forward I worked 12 hour shifts, was constantly suicidal and needed my agent to submit me to an actual audition which she hasn't done for over 8 months at that point... and of course in LA anytime you call your agent to speak with them they say "I'm too busy right now"... shit got real (excuse my Americanism).
A few months later, I spoke with my parents about potentially getting help from them to pay a down payment for a car so that I can start financing my own car and pay a lot less each month towards buying my own car, than what I was paying for an UNFAIR company's vehicle.
My mother actually flew over to where I lived in LA and she fronted me the down payment to my brand new 2020 Toyota Corolla Hybrid... and I negotiated with the dealership to get my monthly payments down to about 400 dollars a month. That was half of what I was paying Fair... and this time around this is my OWN car that I'll be paying towards instead of just a rental.
Well... This makes sense then to return my Fair Vehicle right? Yeah... you can already anticipate the stress can't you? But wait, there's more!
Not only did it take a long time for Fair Concierge to come pick up the car... (adding another extra two weeks that I had to pay for the car), but once they picked it up, they continued to charge me weekly for a vehicle I no longer had... I called repeated for Fair to stop charging me but they didn't stop charging me and said it was "included in my contract" that I had to keep paying for Fair even after returning my vehicle. I nearly thought of finding the nearest Fair company location and shooting up the place. But calmer reasoning took over and I decided to simply take this to the law. I went to Court and got all the paperwork necessary to file a Small Claims against the Fair Company. I then was told that in order to serve them and press charges against them, I have to first give them FAIR WARNING ahead of time... SO I called them repeatedly (you know... again and again.. 5 hour phone queues to speak with the correct department who can actually DO something), and then finally I gave up and emailed them instead because I needed evidence for court that I actually contacted them and notified them that if they didn't stop charging me I'm taking this to a court of law. Well, they didn't stop, but I tried something else. I called my bank. I told them about the whole situation and how I want to dispute all charges made to my account by Fair since the date when I returned my vehicle. AND I wanted to dispute all charges made to my account by Fair for the four weeks I didn't have an up to date car registration. My bank's fraud department was on my side for this and helped me out with disputing all these charges and refunding me about $1000 dollars. I provided them with all the necessary documentation including screenshots of my Uber App dates when I didn't work due to the car registration issue, the dates on my car registration both old and new. I have EVERY legal piece of evidence to win my case in court and I knew it.
And once this happened the shoe was on the other foot (so to speak in Americanism) because Fair Support started to call me for money almost 24/7. I got a kick out of that one because I left a very special voice mail response and purposefully ignored all unknown calls. I won't give you my voicemail response on here but needless to say, any Fair representative got a taste of the FAIR support treatment, and was properly served legally that "I will take you to court if you want to pursue this further, and I have all the evidence to win the case".
Eventually the calls from Fair dwindled down to maybe once in a month and I'd laugh at their face when they told me they worked for Fair. Sorry but you guys deserve to be mocked... Fair company if you see this, FUCK YOU (excuse my Americanism).
Lesson 3: Do NOT ever, and I mean EVER rent a vehicle from Fair. They are UNFAIR, have shit service, long phone queues of upwards of 6 hours if you need to talk to someone who can actually change your address or do anything to your account with them... and they charge you even after you've returned your vehicle because "it's in the contract" ... yeah don't ever rent from Fair. EVER. Let this business rot in hell.

Story 3: I got assaulted in my vehicle two separate occasions as an Uber Driver
So... around February of 2019 I drove on the super bowl weekend and the team in LA apparently lost (sorry I don't follow sports... I'm more of an esports kinda guy), and I heard about it all night while driving Uber. I've already had my fair share of drunk people as a driver and I was used to it at this time and I get a lot of rides at night on weekends just like this one or so I thought...
I pulled up to a house to pick some guy up named Bob. Bob and his friend came to my car... and well, let's just say Bob is probably over 500 lbs because it took him 10 minutes to squeeze/wedge/slam/shove himself through the door of my car, took up the entire backseat with his butt and made the entire car sink down with his weight. His friend in comparison is your healthy average American of 200 lb beer belly kinda guy. They were both drunk and talking about football and I tuned them out to drive as per usual.
Then about 5 minutes into the ride, Bob fell asleep in the back of my car and woke up confused and upset and asked "Where are you taking me?" in a panicked tone of voice. His friend reassured him "we're going to the hotel, Bob, relax!" But Bob wouldn't have any of it, no, you see, BOB here thought I might have been abducting him to prove aliens existed ... or something. I'm not a mind reader ok? But he then decided the best response was to start groping me, placing both his hands on my chest. I'm a guy... but still... don't touch my nipples??? I do NOT give consent!
Well, I asked him politely or as politely as I could manage, "sir, would you mind not touching me please?" His friend looked over his shoulder at him and went "What are you doing, Bob? It's ok, just relax".
Bob reacted in anger. He didn't like being told what to do. He didn't like that he doesn't just get to grope his Uber driver. So Bob did what he thought was best, to show people how strong he was. Bob grabbed my seat belt from behind me with both hands and started to strangle me.
I was at this point driving on the 118 high way and I was going around 55 miles per hour. I started to see stars, and I tried desperately to free my airway while maintaining control of my car (This was the orange toyota Prius I was renting from Fair). I thought in my mind, "Oh shit, so this is how it ends... how undignified".... and I was almost about to pass out but I got some more circulation because Bob's friend was helping me pull the seatbelt down... I also pulled down so that instead of it being on my neck it was on my collarbone, and I could breath again but barely, the seatbelt was pressed against my collar bone with enough force to feel like I was in a major car accident, except Bob kept crushing it against me by leaning back with it and pulling with his weight. I thought about pulling over... even just abandoning the vehicle to run for my life... but instead I was in a state of shock and drove them to their destination which was a hotel...
Uber had another customer lined up for me... so I took the next rider in a slightly dazed and confused state... I was probably not safe to drive at that point but I wasn't even really aware... I was kind of on auto pilot at that point, but I told the next drunk passenger what happened, and she said she was the wife of a cop, and that I should call the cops immediately. So after I dropped HER off I called 911, and the police came to where I lived and got my report, and took pictures of my now bruised collarbone and neck area. I was asked if I wanted to press charges and I said I did, and they told me I'd hear from the District Attorney's office in about 3 weeks.
I waited... Nothing ... The DA's office never reached out to me...
I was depressed and had PTSD from this incident and it was so bad that I couldn't go out the next day to get back to work as an Uber Driver. I couldn't go out to work the day after that... nor the next week... I had to take a full month off. My roommates (one of whom was the house mom sorta, and was rather Jewish in both descent and behavior) instead of showing sympathy or being compassionate was trying to evict me or threatening to since I was late on rent, and I had to call my mom to help me at the time with rent.
I tried to work up the courage to drive again, but for that whole month the best I could do was sit in my car and cry.
And guess what? Wouldn't you know it... because wait... there's more.
The very first night I started to feel better enough to go drive again... the very first customer that night, was a drunk guy... who held a switch blade to my throat.
Yup... it went something like this... he got in... he asked where I'm from in a friendly tone... both him and his friend were drunk off their ass and having a good time. I told him I'm from the Bay Area from northern california and they said "NorCal? You better not say Hella". I'm like, "Ok, sure thing, I won't say Hella" because I suppose it's a bit of a stereotype that Northern Californians like to say "hella" like "oh that's Hella cool man!" for extra emphasis. And I took it in stride and laughed and said I won't say hella if it bothered him, and actually I don't say it that often anymore anyways since I've been living in LA for acting.
But then he pulled out his switch blade and held it to my throat. "Don't fucking say hella".
"I won't dude."
"Don't you fucking say it! I'm warning you!"
"I won't say it..."
I just kept driving, hands on the wheel, eyes on the road... my heart actually stopped dead at one point. My mind was just a total blank.
This guy literally drops his knife on seat next to me on his way out of my car when I dropped him off... I looked at him and asked him to "please remove your knife from my car" and nodded to it... I could have driven off with it as evidence... but I just... was done at this point. He looked at the knife then back at me... then paused and realized at that moment what he just did. I waited for what seemed like 10 minutes as he stood there eyeing me...
I mean, I actually wasn't scared for my life this time. Not because I wasn't in any danger, but he was drunk and thought this whole time that this was a joke and that he was using his knife for emphasis. That was what my read on the situation was, and that was why I wasn't driving away in a panic. I wasn't scared for my life in that moment, and I just wanted to be done with him...
He took his knife from my car and closed the door, and tipped me on the app. I drove off. And didn't drive for another week. But I was financially destitute and in debt and living off of food stamps at this point so I had to get back on the road despite the PTSD... in fact, the next time I got a Bob as a customer for my "next ride", I promptly pulled over, almost threw up, and declined the ride.
I eventually called the DA's (District Attorney)'s office to see what's going on and what's taking them so long to let me press charges. I found out my case was dropped. Dropped?! I was told that there's no evidence...
I was outraged. I had all the evidence in the world. I had my Uber app which documents the ride took place. I have his address. I have his name. I have the time stamp of when the ride started, when the ride ended, and I also have the timestamp for the police report, not to mention they took photos of my neck injury.
And I called the person in charge of my case... some guy named Minoui... He told me he dropped the case because Bob had a witness and it was his friend who testified that nothing happened. That this case was just a he said she said at this point. I told him about the pile of evidence I had on my side and how I didn't even get asked by the DA my side of the story or whether I had evidence and that I have a PHOTO of my injuries. He said "oh" like he didn't realize that, then said that the case is closed, that he has years of experience (Tone of voice was condescending like he was talking to a kid) and that even if we put this in front of a judge we can't get a conviction because the jury has to vote unanimously. I told him I wanted it in a court of law anyway and that he didn't have the right to be judge and jury for my case, and then he told me rudely that he did as a DA and hung up on me. I tried to "speak to a manager" by calling his higher up, and his higher up just backed him up... told me I had no case, that the guy had no priors so he's "unimpeachable", I told him " so I can just go out and murder someone and you don't even put my case in a court because I have no priors so I'm UNIMPEACHABLE?" He said there's not enough evidence of injury, that I didn't have a doctor's diagnosis, nor do I have video evidence. I didn't bring up that the guy was WHITE and I'm a minority (Asian) but essentially that's what it felt was going on at that point in the conversation, and I just hung up on this prick, I then called the County Superintendent/Supervisers... Super something ... Board of Trustteess? Fuck I don't know, important douchebags paid to look important who signs off on paperwork that affects the lives of many. Some librarian told me that's who is in charge of the DA schmucks. SO I called them and THEY told me that it was perfectly in the right of the DA to decide what gets put in front of a judge and what doesn't get put in front of a judge and please stop swearing. I told them they can go... well you know what I told them (excuse my Americanism).
It was at this point I also called Uber Support for further evidence. Some Indian guy with a heavy accent replied on the phone and said "I'm bery bery sori sir, but I cunt dew anyting about dis, but I understand your frustratin' and I cunt halp yew with dis. We cannot give out information about our passengers". I was just asking for information to use as proof to reopen my case mind you, but they just wouldn't budge on the phone with me, so THAT's how much Uber cares for the safety of their drivers... ZILCH... NADA, UBER DON'T GIVE A CRAP ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO MAKE THEM THEIR MONEY.
Lesson 4: I put a camera in my car now on my dash and I point it directly at me for my own protection whenever I drive now... that's the only way you can prove some white drunk asshole strangled you in your car apparently. If you're a minority and you drive ride share, I suggest you do the same. If you're white, you don't worry about a thing, the law's got your back.
submitted by Howhowhathere to rideshare [link] [comments]


2020.02.05 16:36 XSaraXPoeX The USS Norton Sound - 1980; the US Navy assigns 68 women to serve aboard the USS Norton Sound. They are the first women to serve active duty in the Navy. Six months later the Navy accuses 28 women of homosexual conduct.

Photo; The women who were really lesbians
Exerts from; DISMISSED! : The Purging of Gay and Lesbian Troops from the Armed Forces By RANDY SHILTS, April 25, 1993
MAY, 1980, USS NORTON SOUND, PORT HUENEME
By 1980, Navy lawyers, judges and masters-at-arms told a joke about the Naval Investigative Service: Call the NIS, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, and tell them you’ve got a dead body, and the agents may show up in a week or so. Call and say you’ve got a dead body and you think the murderer was a homosexual, and the agents will be there in 30 seconds. The NIS was an agency not merely preoccupied with homosexuality; its pursuit of homosexuals was an obsession.
Just where the fixation came from remains murky. It has been suggested that the NIS pursued gay investigations so avidly because such probes were easier than criminal cases. Homosexuals did not think like criminals; it was simpler to extract confessions and names of other gays from them. Homosexual investigations yielded results and netted discharges, the kinds of things you could write up on a productivity report to demonstrate that your agency deserved to exist.
Pic; Call the NIS!
The agency had plenty of work in the 1980s, as women, breaking two centuries of tradition, were allowed to serve on noncombat vessels. Though Navy brass could not discharge the unwanted new sailors because they were women, they could discharge them for being lesbian. The first ships to allow women on board also became the first ships to purge lesbians. Among them was the missile test ship Norton Sound.
On May 16, an NIS agent hit pay dirt when questioning Helen Teresa Wilson, a mess specialist, third class, who delivered a four-page statement about lesbians aboard the ship. Wilson’s statement labeled 23 of the 61 female crew members homosexual. Wilson had not actually seen anyone have sex on the ship or anywhere else, but she could tell they were gay just the same.
She stated, for example, that one woman “likes to walk around the compartment in various stages of undress and enjoys watching the other women dress and shower. Since I have been aboard, I have not seen (her) express any interest in men.” Sailor Tangela Gaskins, she said, “likes to use endearing terms when talking to other women, especially the gays” and was therefore a lesbian. Another was a lesbian because she had befriended a gay male sailor. Wilson, a white woman, was particularly emphatic about black women on the ship, insisting that all but one of the crew’s nine African-American female members were lesbian.
Podcast; Lesbian purges in the military, 1946 - 1980
There was another rumor, Wilson reported, that Engineman Second Class Carole Brock was a lesbian and had “married” another crew member a few weeks earlier. “She and Brock always go on liberty together and never sleep on the ship unless they have duty,” Wilson said. Once they had taken Helen Wilson’s statement, the NIS called in the 38 women not named by her, presuming they were heterosexual. These sailors received a roster of female crew members and were asked to put a check mark next to the name of anyone they thought might be gay. From these, the NIS accumulated the names of 29 suspected lesbians, although no informant had ever seen anyone have sex. Now the agents began the task of gathering more convincing evidence.
Like most of the women aboard, Petty Officer Lynn Batey told the agent she did not know anything about homosexuality on the Norton Sound--only the rumors. Special Agent John Stevens warned that if she did not give him evidence, she could be court-martialed for homosexuality herself, according to Batey’s later testimony. Batey believed him and wrote out a statement accusing Brock and three others of being lesbians.
Photo; Alicia Harris
Similar tactics resulted in a dozen statements against alleged lesbians. Once these statements were compiled, the NIS interrogated the suspects themselves. Their line of questioning was often salacious. One agent began his interview with sailor Barbara Lee Underwood by inquiring, “Did you lick her juices?” He then assured her they had all the proof they needed, so she might as well confess.
Carole Brock knew that a number of the accused women, like Tangela Gaskins, were decidedly heterosexual. It was clear that the NIS had little more than rumors; nobody had buckled to the threats, Brock learned, though she also heard that a number had been asked about two women on board who had gotten “married” a few weeks earlier. The agents were very solemn when they told Brock that her girlfriend had already talked to them and revealed that they had kissed. Brock knew that her girlfriend had not even been called in yet. She denied everything. When Brock was pressed to name others, she told investigators nothing.
On the Friday morning before Memorial Day weekend, captain’s call was held on the rear fantail of the ship. All the sailors assembled. Brock stood with the woman she was dating and some other gay friends. Their captain, Cmdr. J.E. Seebirt, announced through the ship’s loudspeaker system that an investigation had been launched of “homosexuality in the women’s berthing area.”
Photo; Carole Brock
Brock shouted out a question, "why were only women being investigated?"
Like most stereotypes, there was some truth behind the assumption that an inordinate number of women in uniform were lesbian. In the days of the WACs and WAVEs, married women were not allowed to enlist, and women who got pregnant were immediately discharged. This almost guaranteed huge numbers of WACs, WAVEs and WAFs whose sexuality leaned toward the homosexual. By some counts, lesbians composed as much as 80% of the women who served in World War II. Those who composed the top echelons of the WACs and WAVEs well into the 1980s came largely from this group even after the marriage and pregnancy restrictions were dropped. Until the early 1970s, when the first rumblings of the women’s movement made non-traditional jobs attractive to women from all walks of life, women’s military units did tend to include a large proportion of lesbians.
Though statistics were difficult to unearth at the Pentagon, gays and lesbians clearly composed a huge share of all undesirable discharges handed out by the military. Commanders, who made the initial decisions regarding types of discharge, sought the toughest possible punishment for gays and lesbians, even if this conflicted with official mandates. In 1961, for example, fully 40% of all the Navy’s undesirable discharges had gone to presumed homosexuals. Nearly one in five undesirable discharges given to Marines that year had been for homosexuality. There was no indication that in the decades since, the quality of discharges had improved much for the approximately 2,700 gays who had been kicked out of the military each year on gay-related charges. A 1984 General Accounting Office study found that the policy of separating gays from the military cost the Defense Department at least $22.5 million a year in lost training and recruitment expenses. In the course of a decade, that figure would approach $250 million.
Short Documentary; I, Sexism, take thee, Homophobia - The Norton Sound Lesbian Purge
JUNE, 1980, NORTON SOUND, LONG BEACH
“Hey, queer.”
Carole Brock had learned to ignore the catcalls that always followed her through the Long Beach Naval Shipyard. Word of the investigation had spread throughout the installation within days of the Norton Sound’s arrival. Since it was the only ship in the yard with women, other sailors assumed any woman in the yard was a lesbian.
“Hey dyke. Want some of the real thing?”
“Too bad, you dyke. You got caught.”
The Norton Sound had been in Long Beach only a few days when 19 women received letters of dismissal from the Navy for “unsuitability . . . because of participation in homosexual acts.” Because of the regulation under which they were accused, none was entitled to a hearing, they were told. If they quietly resigned, which was clearly what the Navy wanted, they would be assured of an honorable discharge. Several of the women had as many as 10 years of service and knew they would lose substantial benefits if they earned less-than-honorable discharges. Still, none quit.
Fear had turned to anger by the time the Norton Sound’s executive officer called the 19 women into a meeting. The way the women recalled it, Lt. Cmdr. R. Myer, who later declined comment on the case, began his remarks by saying that the Navy already knew who would be discharged. The outcomes of the hearings, he implied, were preordained.
Photo; Tangela Gaskins
Brock sat directly in front of Myer. If they knew that, why were all 19 women being subjected to this, she asked. She demanded to see the statements being used as evidence against the 19 women, to which Myer replied that the captain would be happy to show them. Brock marched directly to the captain’s stateroom and asked for the statements.
“I don’t have them all yet,” Seebirt told her.
Brock was stunned by his admission. The brass had charged them before seeing evidence against them.
The ACLU, alerted to the Norton Sound purge, threatened to go to court if the Navy proceeded with its plan to discharge the 19 women without hearings. Within a week, the Navy announced that charges against 11 of the women had been dropped. The remaining eight women would be charged with misconduct, not unsuitability, which entitled them to an administrative hearing.
With the Norton Sound Eight receiving front-page coverage almost daily in Southern California, everyone on board felt obliged to take sides, and petty harassment of the women escalated. Armed guards were stationed around the clock in the female berthing area, presumably to prevent the nonstop lovemaking alleged by the NIS investigation. When the ship’s entire crew assembled for morning quarters one day, the executive officer ordered all other sailors to avoid contact with the eight women charged with homosexuality. “Unless you have to work with them, don’t have anything to do with these women,” he commanded.
Magazine photo; Lesbians in the Navy?
Brock had transferred off the ship to shore patrol, but even this did not deter daily catcalls from the men. And Brock noticed that men in three-piece suits had started following her whenever she left the base. She might go as far as San Diego or Los Angeles, but there they’d be, not particularly hiding the fact that they were watching her. Two months earlier, she had been an enthusiastic member of the United States Navy, having joined in 1976 to escape a dreary life of factory work in San Jose. But now, because of one word that had been applied to her, she was followed like a criminal. Other Norton Sound defendants noticed tails, too, and strange clicks on their telephones.
Navy officials had problems of their own. The dates of the discharge hearings were near, and they still had not accumulated evidence that would pass muster, even in the “anything goes” format of non-judicial administrative hearings. For this reason, they were particularly interested in Petty Officer Joyce Arnold, who had been named on at least one statement as a lesbian and was a mother involved in a custody suit for her two children. Any hint that she was a lesbian could cost her the children. NIS agents would not comment, but during an administrative discharge hearing, defense attorneys suggested that such a threat had been made.
For whatever reason, it was clear that both the NIS and the ship’s executive officer targeted Arnold as a sailor likely to inform on the other women. In one week, Arnold later testified, the executive officer called her into his cabin on four separate occasions to insist that she accuse other women of lesbianism. NIS agents summoned her again and again, mentioning that she might be accused of being gay herself if she did not name other homosexuals. After two months of such pressure, Arnold made a statement of accusation. The NIS still did not let up, and Arnold provided a second statement and a third, until she had given five statements accusing other Norton Sound women, including a number of her close friends, of being gay.
Pic; Indoctrination!
AUG. 4,1980, NORTON SOUND, LONG BEACH
In an inelegant piece of staging, the Navy had, until the day of the first hearing, planned to try all three of the black women as one group. Only objections from their lawyers gained them separate hearings. The administrative separation board first took up the case of Petty Officer Tangela Gaskins.
Gaskins had joined the Navy 18 months earlier, hoping to earn an education that would lead to college and an accounting degree. She wanted to make enough money to send her 8-year-old son to private schools. Gaskins had risen from Seaman to Petty Officer, Third Class, in seven months, an impressive feat. She was the first black woman to advance beyond the deck crew on the Norton Sound. She was suspected of being a lesbian, it seemed, because she rejected the passes of male crew members. The real reason for her refusal was that she had a civilian boyfriend.
Although the Navy lawyers led off with what they seemed to think was their strongest case, the evidence lodged against Gaskins was problematic. Seaman Apprentice Pamela Tepstein was the only person who claimed to have seen anything resembling physical contact between Gaskins and another woman. Gaskins had kissed shipmate Williams on the mouth, she said. In fact, Tepstein’s statement accused a dozen Norton Sound women of engaging in brazen shipboard sex, providing the NIS with some of the only hard evidence it had accumulated in its exhaustive investigation. But Tepstein could not attend the hearing in person. She had been checked into the Navy hospital in Long Beach for psychiatric testing. When two Navy officers arrived to escort Tepstein to the hearing, she yelled that she never wanted to step aboard the Norton Sound again and took off screaming down a hospital hallway. Navy prosecutors overcame the absence of their star witness by simply submitting her statement in writing.
The most crucial evidence for Gaskins came from her boyfriend. The man was asked whether Gaskins was a good sexual performer; she was, he said.
Pic; More Indoctrination!
On the fourth day of the hearing, the three-member administrative panel took 30 minutes to reach its verdict. “Petty Officer Gaskins, the board finds there is no credible evidence that respondent engaged in homosexual acts and recommends retention.”
“The guys think there are only two types of females in the Navy,” Gaskins said after the verdict. “You’re either there to serve the men--you’re a whore--or else you are a queer. They just discredited my name, myself, destroyed my life. I’ve been angry over it. I’ve cried about it. I’ve laughed about it. But it’s no joke.”
Despite all the press coverage, defense attorneys remained frustrated at the relatively minor focus on the coercive NIS tactics. Although the testimony concerning threats and intimidations was dutifully reported, reporters seemed strangely uninterested. Some were outright skeptical that such things really happened in the United States.
AUG. 15, 1980, WASHINGTON
Three thousand miles from the Long Beach Naval Shipyard, aides in the White House carefully watched the Norton Sound case. After meeting with gay leaders working on the reelection campaign of President Jimmy Carter, a White House staffer drafted a memo on gay concerns. Under Part III, headlined “Substance,” was the note: “Do something with the USS Norton Sound.” In response, another presidential staffer had scrawled alongside, “Prevent future purges until after November.”
AUG. 18, 1980, NORTON SOUND, LONG BEACH
Alicia Harris was asked to stand while the chairman of the administrative separation board read his decision: “The findings of the board are that the defendant has engaged in homosexual activity aboard the ship,” the officer read. “It is the recommendation that she be given an honorable discharge under honorable conditions.”
Four hours later, the discharge hearing for Wendi Williams began. The testimony against Williams was much the same as that against Harris. Their crew mate Yvonne Nedrick claimed to have seen them kiss. Under cross-examination, Nedrick admitted to four fistfights with Williams. She also said she would kill Williams if she had the chance but added that she would never lie about her, so Nedrick’s testimony stood. Helen Wilson, whose statement had begun the investigation three months earlier, reported having seen Williams and Harris on a couch together late one night. They were fully clothed, she said, but it looked sexual to her.
Recruitment poster; This actually make ME want to join!
Throughout the hearing, looking up only occasionally, Williams sat at the defense table drawing pictures of a small rubber Donald Duck doll she kept propped up in front of her. She was going to be found guilty, she knew, because her defense, like that of Harris, lacked the component that had saved Tangela Gaskins: a boyfriend to provide a positive masculine review of her sexual performance.
“I would like--if this board decides to discharge me--to discharge me for stupidity, not for misconduct,” Williams said softly to the board shortly before the panel went into deliberations. “My work in the Navy has been real good. Therefore, I must be real dumb--the dumbest nigger in the Navy--if I had let these things happen, to commit these acts in a room with 60 people where they could see me.”
The unanimous verdict was returned on the afternoon of Aug. 20. Williams listened emotionlessly, her chin set on her hand.
Williams, the panel ruled, was guilty of “one or more homosexual acts,” and it ordered she be dismissed from the Navy with a general discharge under honorable conditions.
The Navy had two convictions. Now they could call the whole thing off.
The next day, Cmdr. Seebirt told Brock that the pending charges against the remaining women were being dropped for “insufficient evidence.”
“I could have told you that three months ago,” snapped Brock.
“It’s over, it’s done, it’s through,” he said.
“Maybe for you it is,” Brock answered.
Brock left the Navy when her tour of duty ended in 1980; she now lives in Northern California.
Photo; Pucker up: Petty Officer 2nd Class Marissa Gaeta, left, kisses her girlfriend of two years, Petty Officer 3rd Class Citlalic Snell in the first time a same-sex couple was chosen for Navy's traditional homecoming kiss 2011
Photo; Smiles after the kiss
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2020.01.29 23:21 Hugwarrior What do you guys think I should do for my college/career path?

Soo bam currently a communications student about to finish an associates degree and will transfer to a university soon. But here’s the problem. I currently have been doing digital marketing for 3 years and am pretty adept at what I do. So paired with a BA and years of experience I am positioned well for a good job with or without the degree. I also want to pursue a career in entertainment and standup comedy as those are major passions of mine.
But here are my life choices at this point in time.
  1. Stay living at home and go to a local university. This university is a commuter school in Los Angeles. Csun is the school. I can basically graduate debt free as my financial aid will probably cover all of my tuition. This being in Los Angeles. And I could live comfortably at home.
I am at the hub for entertainment and the comedy scene. Sounds like a win but I feel like going to a commuter school I won’t really have the “college” experience I never had.
  1. Transfer to a school out of my town either cal poly slo or SDSU. Get the college experience. Potentially a better education based on academic rigor of these schools. A better brand name degree in the sense that these cal states are really good schools. I am primarily focused on the college experience being at a community college is rather tame and I want to leave my comfort zone. And really meet new people and experience living on my own.
But the downsides would be I would have to pay my own rent. Living expenses etc. My fafsa package likely would cover the basics but I would leave school with debt, more so from rent as these schools tuitions are kinda cheap. It doesn’t have a good comedy scene in these areas or entertainment. Except maybe San Diego.
What do you guys think? This decision is killing me as acceptance letters come soon and. I want to prepare for a new life.
Career wise as a communications student I’m set nicely because it being a general degree I have a few internships under my belt, a portfolio, and experience! Let me know what you would advise me to do!
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2020.01.16 01:32 CuteBananaMuffin Timeline of Government Secret Projects PART 1

I had to break it down to 2 parts because the article is longer than 40,000 words

This timeline - prepared by a researcher ["JH"] of our Quantum Future School with many linked sources - barely scratches the surface.
It is our hope that readers will do additional research and provide us with more links and connections to this spider web of Cosmic COINTELPRO that has blanketed the Earth with lies, deception, confusion, and tricks and traps - the magnets of impending Global Destruction.
A far more extensive timeline could be created by including the information from Freddy Silva's book on Crop Circles, Richard Dolan's book on UFOs and the National Security State, and the research included in the Adventures Series. The reader will also want to read "To Be or Not to Be" for more background.
We will continue to work on the project in hopes that by seeing the various threads together, more people will realize just how it all connects and how totally we have been duped, and how evil the plans of the Controllers truly are. Laura Knight-Jadczyk & Dr. Arkadiusz Jadczyk
1931 Dr. Cornelius Rhoads - under the auspices of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations - infects human subjects with cancer cells. He later goes on to establish the U.S. Army Biological Warfare facilities in Maryland, Utah, and Panama, and is named to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. While there, he begins a series of radiation exposure experiments on American soldiers and civilian hospital patients.
1932 The Tuskegee Syphilis Study begins. 200 black men diagnosed with syphilis are never told of their illness, are denied treatment, and instead are used as human guinea pigs in order to follow the progression and symptoms of the disease. They all subsequently die from syphilis. Their families were never told that they could have been treated.
1933 A Humanist Manifesto is published with 34 prominent signatories at the time.
1934 (A) "A method for Remote Control of Electrical Stimulation of the Nervous System", a monograph by Drs. E.L. Chaffee and R.U. Light. (B) Experiments in Distant Influence, a book by Soviet Professor Leonid L. Vasiliev. He also wrote the article "Critical Evaluation of the Hypnogenic Method" concerning the work of Dr. I. F. Tomashevsky on experiments in remote control of the brain.
1935 The Pellagra Incident. After millions of individuals die from Pellagra over a span of 2 decades, the U.S. Public Health Service finally acts to stem the disease. The director of the agency admits it had known for at least 20 years that Pellagra is caused by a niacin deficiency, but failed to act since most of the deaths occurred within poverty-stricken black populations.
1940 400 prisoners in Chicago are infected with malaria in order to study the effects of new and experimental drugs to combat the disease. Nazi doctors later on trial at Nuremberg cite this American study to defend their own actions during the Holocaust.
1942 Chemical Warfare Services begins mustard gas experiments on approximately 4,000 servicemen. The experiments continue until 1945 and made use of Seventh Day Adventists who chose to become human guinea pigs rather than serve on active duty.
1943 In response to Japan's full-scale germ warfare program, the U.S. begins research on biological weapons at Fort Detrick, MD.
1944 U.S. Navy uses human subjects to test gas masks and clothing. Individuals were locked in a gas chamber and exposed to mustard gas and lewisite.
1945 (A) After World War II, the Allies discovered the Japanese had been developing a "death ray" utilizing very short radio waves focused into a high power beam. Tests were done on animals. The Japanese denied ever testing it on humans. (From the Strategic Bombing Survey, Imperial War Museum, London. Cited with photocopies in "Japanese Death Ray", by Peter Lewis, Resonance#11, pp 5-9) (B) Project Paperclip is initiated. The U.S. State Department, Army intelligence, and the CIA recruit Nazi scientists and offer them immunity and secret identities in exchange for work on top-secret government projects in the United States. (C) "Program F" is implemented by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). This is the most extensive U.S. study of the health effects of fluoride, which was the key chemical component in atomic bomb production. One of the most toxic chemicals known to man, fluoride causes marked adverse effects to the central nervous system. But much of the information is squelched in the name of "national security" because of fear that lawsuits would undermine full-scale production of atomic bombs.
1946 Patients in VA hospitals are used as guinea pigs for medical experiments. In order to allay suspicions, the order is given to change the word "experiments" to "investigations" or "observations" whenever reporting a medical study performed in one of the Nation's veteran's hospitals.
1947 (A) Colonel E.E. Kirkpatrick of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission issues a secret document (Document 07075001, January 8, 1947) stating that the agency will begin administering intravenous doses of radioactive substances to human subjects. (B) The CIA begins its study of LSD as a potential weapon for use by American intelligence. Human subjects (both civilian and military) are used with-and-without their knowledge.
1950 (A) The Department of Defense begins plans to detonate nuclear weapons in desert areas and monitor downwind residents for medical problems and mortality rates. (B) In an experiment to determine how susceptible an American city would be to biological attack, the U.S. Navy sprays a cloud of bacteria from ships over San Francisco. Monitoring devices are situated throughout the city in order to test the extent of infection. Many residents become ill with pneumonia-like symptoms. (C) The French conducted research on infrasonic weapons (from "The Road From Armageddon", by Peter Lewis, Resonance#13, pp 9-14). (D) The newly-formed CIA initiated studies in mind-control programs in 1950 with Project Bluebird (rechristened "Artichoke") in 1951. To establish a ' cover story' for this research, the CIA funded a propaganda effort designed to convince the World that the Communist Bloc had devised insidious new methods of re-shaping the human will. The CIA's own efforts could therefore - if exposed - be explained as an attempt to "catch up" with Soviet and Chinese work. The primary promoter of this 'line' was one Edward Hunter, a CIA contract employee operating undercover as a journalist and - later - a prominent member of the John Birch society.
Hunter offered 'brainwashing' as the explanation for the numerous confessions signed by American prisoners of war during the Korean War and (generally) UN-recanted upon the prisoners' repatriation. These confessions alleged that the United States used germ warfare in the Korean conflict - a claim which the American public of the time found impossible to accept.
Many years later, however, investigative reporters discovered that Japan's germ warfare specialists (who had wreaked incalculable terror on the conquered Chinese during WWII) had been mustered into the American national security apparatus. And the knowledge gleaned from Japan's horrifying germ warfare experiments probably WAS used in Korea just as the ' brainwashed' soldiers had indicated. Thus, we now know that the entire brainwashing scare of the 1950s constituted a CIA hoax perpetrated upon the American public.
CIA deputy director Richard Helms admitted as much when in 1963, he told the Warren Commission that "Soviet mind-control research consistently lagged years behind American efforts."
1951 (A) Alfred Hubbard first tries LSD. An OSS officer in WWII, Hubbard first took LSD in 1951 and proceeded to "turn on" several individuals prominent in LSD research including Dr. Humphrey Osmond, Myron Stolaroff , and Aldous Huxley, earning him the title of "the Johnny Appleseed of LSD" (Lee, Martin and Schlain, Bruce, Acid Dreams, Grove Press, 1985, pg 44). Circa 1951, Hubbard later did undercover work for several agencies including the FDA and FBI. He reportedly tried (and failed) to "turn on" J. Edgar Hoover. He introduced LSD to many high-ranking intelligence officers. In the early 1950s, he refused an offer to join the CIA (Lee and Schlain, pg 52). In all, it is estimated that Hubbard introduced LSD to over 6,000 individuals. He worked until 1965 at the International Foundation for Advanced Study (mis-identified here, I think, as the International Federation for Advanced Studies) (Fahey, Todd Brendan, The Original Captain Trips", High Times, November 1991). Fahey describes Hubbard's work at SRI differently, placing him with the Alternative Futures Project which sought to "turn on" the World's political and business leaders. He left SRI in 1974 and died on August 31, 1982 (Fahey). (B) The Department of Defense begins open air tests using disease-producing bacteria and viruses. Tests last through 1969 and there is concern that people in the surrounding areas have been exposed.
1952 (A) As a child in 1952, Jack Sarfatti claims to have received phone calls from the mechanical voice of a conscious computer aboard a spaceship, recruiting him along with 400 others for some special project. These calls have similarities to the mechanical voice which talked to Andrijah Puharich via his tape recorder. Sarfatti was later associated with Puharich. Puharich first contacts "The Nine" - a group of channeled being via a medium. (B) During the CIA's MK-ULTRA mind-control program, John Lilly briefed the intelligence community on his work to map out the brains of animals using implanted electrodes. He abandoned this line of work because he felt it was unethical. John Lilly studied the effects of sensory deprivation tanks and also briefed the intelligence community with his progress. Lilly refused to let any of his work be classified and ended up leaving the National Institute of Health when he found that he could not work without the interference of the Government. (C) Project Moonstruck/CIA: Electronic implants in brain and teeth Targeting: Long range Implanted during surgery or surreptitiously during abduction Frequency range: HF - ELF transceiver implants Purpose: Tracking, mind & behavior control, conditioning, programming, covert operations Functional Basis: Electronic Stimulation of the Brain ( E.S.B.)
1953 (A) John C. Lilly - when asked by the director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to brief the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), National Security Agency (NSA), and the various military intelligence services on his work using electrodes to stimulate directly the pleasure and pain centers in the brain - refused. He said, "Dr. Antione Redmond - using our techniques in Paris - has demonstrated that this method of stimulation on the brain can be applied to the human without help of the neurosurgeon ... This means that anybody with the proper apparatus can carry this out covertly with no external signs that electrodes have been used in that person. I feel that if this technique got into the hands of a secret agency, they would have total control over a human being and be able to change his beliefs extremely quickly, leaving little evidence of what they had done." (from "Mind Control and the American Government", by Martin Cannon in Lobster#23, pp 2-10. Cannon quotes Lilly from his book The Scientist, Berkeley, Ronin publishers, 1988, also Bantam Books 1981. Research by Peter Lewis.) [note: After a statement like that of Dr. Lilly's, how long do you think it would take the agencies, FBI, CIA, NSA, etc. to contact Dr. Redmond in Paris?] (B) Project MK-ULTRA/ CIA: Drugs, electronics and electroshock Targeting: Short range Frequencies: VHF HF UHF modulated at ELF Transmission and Reception: Local production Purpose: Programming behavior, creation of "cyborg" mentalities Effects: narcoleptic trance, programming by suggestion Subprojects: Many. Pseudonym: Project Artichoke Functional Basis: Electronic Dissolution of Memory, E.D.O.M. (Disinfo???) When the CIA's mind-control program was transferred from the Office of Security to the Technical Services Staff (TSS) in 1953, the name changed again to MK-ULTRA.
Later still, in 1962, mind-control research was transferred to the Office of Research and Development; project cryptonyms remain unrevealed. What was studied? Everything including hypnosis, conditioning, sensory deprivation, drugs, religious cults, microwaves, psychosurgery, brain implants, and even ESP. When MK-ULTRA "leaked" to the public during the great CIA investigations of the 1970s, public attention focused most heavily on drug experimentation and the work with ESP.
Mystery still shrouds another area of study - the area which seems to have most interested ORD: psychoelectronics (C) Martin Cannon, The Controllers: A New Hypothesis of Alien Abduction: "The MK-ULTRA program was a covert behavior modification program run by the CIA in the early 1950s with the purpose of finding ways to make men more suggestible and involving the use of pain, drugs, and hypnosis on unsuspecting human guinea pigs. (D) The first person to publicly expose the CIA's use of "pain-drug-hypnosis" was L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology who wrote in his 1951 book Science of Survival that it had become so extensively employed in espionage work that it was long past the time that people should have become alarmed about it. "Mr. Hubbard's statement was found to be true in the 1970s when the CIA's program became public knowledge after the Freedom of Information Act enabled investigators to document the agency's inhumane and grotesque experiments on human subjects.
The ensuing outcry over the use of mind-bending drugs - which combined with electric shock caused the deaths or maiming of untold numbers of people - drew comparisons between the CIA and the infamous Nazi doctors and led to Congressional hearings into the intelligence agency." - [email protected] (probably from the Scientology Guardians Organization). (E) U.S. military releases clouds of zinc cadmium sulfide gas over Winnipeg, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Fort Wayne, the Monocacy River Valley in Maryland, and Leesburg, Virginia. Their intent is to determine how efficiently they could disperse chemical agents. (F) Joint Army-Navy-CIA experiments are conducted in which tens-of-thousands of people in New York and San Francisco are exposed to the airborne germs Serratia marcescens and Bacillus glogigii.
1955 (A) (circa) Dr Louis West, friends with Aldous Huxley. It was Huxley who suggested that West combine LSD and hypnosis in his experiments (Lee, Martin, and Schlain, Bruce, Acid Dreams, Grove Press, 1985, pg 48). West was an Air Force Major, chairman of the Psychiatry Department of UCLA, director of the Neuro-Psychiatric Institute, and an expert in hypnosis. West was a veteran of the CIA's MK-ULTRA mind-control program and worked on interrogation techniques using hypnosis and LSD. West once killed an elephant by grossly overestimating a dose of LSD (elsewhere, I have heard that the tranquilizers required to calm the animal caused its death). West also studied the returning American POWs from Korea for the effects of brainwashing (Scheflin, Alan and Opton, Edward Jr., The Mind Manipulators, Paddington Press Ltd, 1978, pg 149-50). (B) Morris K. Jessup published The Case For the UFO. (C) The CIA - in an experiment to test its ability to infect human populations with biological agents - releases a bacteria withdrawn from the Army's biological warfare arsenal over Tampa Bay, Fl. (D) Army Chemical Corps continues LSD research, studying its potential use as a chemical incapacitating agent. More than 1,000 Americans participate in the tests, which continued until 1958.
1956 U.S. military releases mosquitoes infected with Yellow Fever over Savannah, GA and Avon Park, FL. Following each test, Army agents posing as public health officials test victims for effects.
1957 It has now been documented that millions of doses of LSD were produced and disseminated under the aegis of the CIA's Operation MK-ULTRA. LSD became the drug of choice within the agency itself, and was passed out freely to friends of the family including a substantial number of OSS veterans.
For instance, it was OSS Research and Analysis Branch veteran Gregory Bateson who "turned on" the Beat poet Allen Ginsberg to a U.S. Navy LSD experiment in Palo Alto, California. Not only Ginsberg but also novelist Ken Kesey and the original members of the Grateful Dead rock group opened the doors of perception courtesy of the Navy. The guru of the 'psychedelic revolution' - Timothy Leary - first heard about hallucinogens in 1957 from Life magazine (whose publisher Henry Luce was often given Government acid like many other opinion shapers), and began his career as a CIA contract employee.
At a 1977 "reunion" of acid pioneers, Leary openly admitted, "everything I am, I owe to the foresight of the CIA.'' [Michael J. Minnicino, "The New Dark Age, The Frankfurt School, and 'Political Correctness'", Fidelio, v1 #1]
1958 (A) Project Argus Between August and September 1958, the US Navy exploded 3 fission-type nuclear bombs 480 km above the South Atlantic Ocean in the part of the lower Van Allen Belt closest to the Earth's surface. In addition, 2 hydrogen bombs were detonated 160 km over Johnston Island in the Pacific.
The military called this "the biggest scientific experiment ever undertaken". It was designed by the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, under the code name 'Project Argus'. The purpose appears to be to assess the impact of high-altitude nuclear explosions on radio transmission and radar operations because of the electromagnetic pulse (EMP), and to increase understanding of the geomagnetic field and the behavior of the charged particles in it. This gigantic experiment created new (inner) magnetic radiation belts encompassing almost the whole Earth and injected sufficient electrons and other energetic particles into the ionosphere to cause worldwide effects. The electrons traveled bac- and-forth along magnetic force lines, causing an artificial "aurora" when striking the atmosphere near the North Pole. (B) The U.S. Military planned to create a "telecommunications shield" in the ionosphere, reported in 13-20 August 1961, Keesings Historisch Archief (K.H.A.). This shield would be created "in the ionosphere at 3,000 km height by bringing into orbit 350,000 million copper needles, each 2-4 cm long [total weight 16 kg], forming a belt 10 km thick and 40 km wide, the needles spaced about 100 m apart." This was designed to replace the ionosphere "because telecommunications are impaired by magnetic storms and solar flares."
The U.S. planned to add to the number of copper needles if the experiment proved to be successful. This plan was strongly opposed by the Intentional Union of Astronomers. (C) Project Orion/ USAF: Drugs, hypnosis, and ESB Targeting: Short range, in person Frequencies: ELF Modulation Transmission and Reception: Radar, microwaves, modulated at ELF frequencies Purpose: Top-security personnel debriefing, programming, insure security and loyalty Pseudonym: "Dreamland" [StealthSkater note: Bob Lazar said that he was ordered to take drugs that smelled like "pine" as part of his clearance to the S4 projects. See http://www.stealthskater.com/UFO.htm#Lazar] (D) While Lilly implies that he left the NIH because of unethical government interference, his Communications Research Institute (founded in the 1958 to study dolphins) was partially funded by the Air Force, NASA, NIHM, the National Science Foundation, and the Navy. He was assisted in this work by Gregory Bateson.
While experimenting with sensory deprivation and LSD and ketamine, Lilly came to believe that he was in psychic contact with the aliens of what he called the "Earth Coincidence Control Office". The aliens were guiding events in Lilly's life to lead him to work with dolphins, which were psychic conduits between aliens and humans. The aliens are acting for the survival of organic lifeforms against artificial intelligences called "solid-state lifeforms". (E) LSD is tested on 95 volunteers at the Army's Chemical Warfare Laboratories for its effect on intelligence.
1959 Huxley speeches in London on "Latent Human Potential". COINTELPRO is kicked off and the games begin.
1960 (A) MK-DELTA. CIA: Fine-tuned electromagnetic subliminal programming Targeting: Long Range Frequencies: VHF HF UHF Modulated at ELF Transmission and Reception: Television antennae, radio antennae, power lines, mattress spring coils, modulation on 60-Hz wiring. Purpose: programming behavior and attitudes in general population Effects: fatigue, mood swings, behavior dysfunction, and social criminality Pseudonym: "Deep Sleep", R.H.I.C.(B) Hal Puthoff - according to author Jim Schnabel (and confirmed by Dr. Puthoff) - served at the NSA in the early 1960s during his tour with the Navy (not the Army as McRae reported) and later stayed on as a civillian. Joined SRI in 1971 as a specialist in laser physics. Served as an officer in the Navy from 1960-63 at Ft. Meade. (C) Headlines read, "Khrushchev Says Soviets Will Cut Forces a Third; Sees 'Fantastic Weapon' ". (From article of same title, by Max Frankel, New York Times, Jan. 15, 1960, p.1 as cited in "Tesla's Electromagnetics and Its Soviet Weaponization", paper by T.E. Bearden.) (D) The International Foundation for Advanced Study (IFAS) is established. Founded by Myron Stolaroff and Paul Kurtz and located in Menlo Park, California. Studied the effects of LSD and mescaline from 1961 to 1965. (Anderson, Walter Truett, The Upstart Spring, Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1983) The foundation also offered LSD therapy for $500 a session. In late 1961, the foundation released The Psychedelic Experience: A New Concept in Psychotherapy. (Stevens, Jay, Storming Heaven, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987, pg 177-9) Also involved with the IFAS were Alfred Hubbard, Vice President Willis Harman, Charles Savage, Robert Mogar, James Fadiman, and Ethel Savage; with Hubbard reportedly supplying the drugs (then legal for research). (E) The Army Assistant Chief-of-Staff for Intelligence (ACSI) authorizes field testing of LSD in Europe and the Far East. Testing of the European population is code named Project "Third Chance"; testing of the Asian population is code named Project "Derby Hat".
1962 (A) The Esalen Institute was founded in 1964 by Mike Murphy and Dick Price out of Murphy's family resort. Murphy and Price had been running seminars at the resort beginning in 1962 with speakers gathered through an expanding network of contacts, beginning with Alan Watts, Aldous Huxley, Gregory Bateson, Gerald Heard, and others. [see Anderson, Walter Truett, The Upstart Spring, Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1983 for an expansive history of Esalen] While an engineering professor at Stanford University, Harman led a 1962 conference on human potentiality at the Esalen Institute called "The Expanding Vision". Harman went on later to head IONS with Astronaut Edgar Mitchell. (B) Project Starfish On July 9, 1962, the US began a further series of experiments with the ionosphere. From their description: "one kiloton device at a height of 60 km, and one megaton and one multi-megaton at several hundred kilometers height" (K.H.A., 29 June 1962). These tests seriously disturbed the lower Van Allen Belt, substantially altering its shape and intensity. "In this experiment, the inner Van Allen Belt will be practically destroyed for a period of time. Particles from the Belt will be transported to the atmosphere. It is anticipated that the Earth's magnetic field will be disturbed over long distances for several hours, preventing radio communication. The explosion in the inner radiation belt will create an artificial dome of polar light that will be visible from Los Angeles" (K.H.A. May 11, 1962). "A Fijian Sailor - present at this nuclear explosion - told me that "the whole sky was on fire" and he thought it would be the End of the World. This was the experiment which called forth the strong protest of the Queen's Astronomer, Sir Martin Ryle in the UK. "The ionosphere [according to the under-standing at that time] - that part of the atmosphere between 65 and 80 km and 280-320 km height - will be disrupted by mechanical forces caused by the pressure wave following the explosion. At the same time, large quantities of ionizing radiation will be released, further ionizing the gaseous components of the atmosphere at this height. This ionization effect is strengthened by the radiation from the fission products... "The lower Van Allen Belt, consisting of charged particles that move along the geomagnetic field lines... will similarly be disrupted. As a result of the explosion, this field will be locally destroyed while countless new electrons will be introduced into the lower belt" (K.H.A. 11 May 1962). "On July 19... NASA announced that as a consequence of the high altitude nuclear test of July 9, a new radiation belt had been formed, stretching from a height of about 400 km to 1600 km; it can be seen as a temporary extension of the lower Van Allen Belt" (K.H.A. August 5,1962). As explained in the Encyclopedia Britannica: "... Starfish made a much wider belt [than Project Argus] that extends from low altitude out past L=3 [i.e. three Earth radiuses or about 13,000 km above the surface of the Earth]." (B) Later in 1962, the USSR undertook similar planetary experiments, creating 3 new radiation belts between 7,000 and 13,000 km above the Earth.
According to the Encyclopedia, the electron fluxes in the lower Van Allen Belt have changed markedly since the 1962 high-altitude nuclear explosions by the US and USSR - never returning to their former state.
According to American scientists, it could take many hundreds of years for the Van Allen Belts to destabilize at their normal levels. (Research done by: Nigel Harle, Borderland Archives, Cortenbachstraat 32, 6136 C.H. Sittard, Netherlands.)
1963 Hal Puthoff worked for 8 years in the Microwave Laboratory at Stanford University till 1971
1965 (A) "A project in the U.S. called Project Pandora ... was undertaken in which chimpanzees were exposed to microwave radiation.
The man who was in charge of this project said, "the potential for exerting a degree of control on human behavior by low level microwave radiation seems to exist" and he urged that the effects of microwaves be studied for "possible weapons applications". (From "Electromagnetic Pollution: A Little Known Health Hazard. A new means of control?" by Kim Besley, Great Britain, p 14. Research from Woody Blue.) In 1965, Koslov - then a physicist at the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) - suggested to Charles Weiss (head of security at the State Department) that a "a sober and systematic program of research" look into the "Moscow Signal", which was caused by microwave radiation being beamed into the Moscow American Embassy.
This program eventually evolved into Project Pandora, America's first research program into the possible offensive, anti-personnel use of non-ionizing microwave radiation. (Steneck, Nicholas H., The Microwave Debate, The MIT Press, 1984, pg 94-5) (B) A "Death Ray" weapon was developed by McFarlane Corporation. Described as a modulated electron gun X-ray nuclear booster, it could be adapted to communications, remote control and guidance systems, EM radiation telemetry, and death ray.
McFarlane claimed NASA stole the patent in 1965. Reported hearings before the House Subcommittee on Department of Defense Appropriations, chaired by Rep. George Mahon (Dem. - Texas). (From "Hearing Voices" by Alex Constantine, Hustler, Jan. 1994, pp 102-104, 113, 120, 134. Research by Harlan Girard.) (C) The CIA and Department of Defense begin Project MK-SEARCH - a program to develop a capability to manipulate human behavior through the use of mind-altering drugs. (D) Prisoners at the Holmesburg State Prison in Philadelphia are subjected to dioxin - the highly toxic chemical component of Agent Orange used in Viet Nam. The men are later studied for development of cancer which indicates that Agent Orange had been a suspected carcinogen all along.
1966 (A) CIA initiates Project MK-OFTEN - a program to test the toxicological effects of certain drugs on humans and animals. (B) U.S. Army dispenses Bacillus subtilis variant niger throughout the New York City subway system. More than a million civilians are exposed when Army scientists drop lightbulbs filled with the bacteria onto ventilation grates. (C) Cleve Backster is a polygraph specialist who helped develop interrogation techniques for the CIA. As of 1986, he ran a polygraph instruction school and the Backster Research Foundaion in San Diego. In February 1966, Backster recorded what he believes to be emotional reactions in plants with a polygraph machine. Called the "Backster Effect", the validity of this phenomena is still debated.
1967 CIA and Department of Defense implement Project MK-NAOMI - successor to MK-ULTRA and designed to maintain, stockpile, and test biological and chemical weapons.
1968 (A) Eldon Byrd Published a paper on the telemetry of brain waves in the "Proceedings" of the International Telemetering Conference, 1972. Byrd was a physical scientist at the Naval Surface Weapons Center, White Oaks Laboratory, Silver Springs, Maryland (1968- unknown, at least 1981) Byrd describes his work with Naval Surface Weapons as "predicting what war will be like in the future." (B) Dr. Gordon J. F. MacDonald - science advisor to President Lyndon Johnson - wrote, "Perturbation of the environment can produce changes in behavioral patterns." He was referring to low-frequency EM waves in the ionosphere affecting human brain wave patterns. (From his book, Unless Peace Comes, a Scientific Forecast of New Weapons, cited in "New World Order ELF Psychotronic Tyranny", a paper by C. B. Baker.) (C) SPS: Solar Power Satellite Project In 1968, the U.S. military proposed Solar Powered Satellites in geostationary orbit some 40,000 km above the Earth, which would intercept solar radiation using solar cells on satellites and transmit it via a microwave beam to receiving antennas (called rectennas) on Earth.
The U.S. Congress mandated the Department of Energy and NASA to prepare an Environmental Impact Assessment on this project, to be completed by June 1980 and costing $25 million. This project was designed to construct 60 Solar Powered Satellites over a 30-year period at a cost between $500 and $800 thousand million (in 1968 dollars), providing 100 percent of the US energy needs in the year 2025 at a cost of $3000 per kW.
At that time, the project cost was 2-to-3 times larger than the whole Department of Energy budget and the projected cost of the electricity was well above the cost of most conventional energy sources. The rectenna sites on Earth were expected to take up to 145 square kilometers of land and would preclude habitation by any humans, animals, or even vegetation.
Each Satellite was to be the size of Manhattan Island. [note: Sounds curiously like the HAARP array, yes?] (D) CIA experiments with the possibility of poisoning drinking water by injecting chemicals into the water supply of the FDA in Washington, DC.
1969 (A) Charles Tart studied electrical engineering at MIT and received a PhD in psychology from the University of North Carolina. He taught humanistic and experimental psychology at the University of California, Davis. Has served as Instructor in Psychiatry at the University of Virginia Medical School, and as Lecturer in Psychology at Stanford University.
His work has dealt with parapsychology, sleep and dreaming, hypnosis, and psychoactive drugs. [Tart, Charles, ed., Altered States of Consciousness, Anchor Books, 1969, inside cover] (B) Dr. Robert MacMahan of the Department of Defense requests from Congress $10 million to develop - within 5-to-10 years - a synthetic biological agent to which no natural immunity exists.
1970 (A) Zbigniew Brzezinski - President Jimmy Carter's National Security Director - said in his book Between Two Ages that weather control was a new weapon that would be the key element of strategy. "Technology will make available to leaders of major nations a variety of techniques for conducting secret warfare..."
He also wrote that "Accurately-timed, artificially-excited electronic strokes could lead to a pattern of oscillations that produce relatively high power levels over certain regions of the Earth ... One could develop a system that would seriously impair the brain performance of a very large population in selected regions over an extended period." [Cited in Baker's "ELF Psychotronic Tyranny" paper.] (B) Funding for the synthetic biological agent is obtained under H.R. 15090. The project - under the supervision of the CIA - is carried out by the Special Operations Division at Fort Detrick, the Army's top-secret biological weapons facility. Speculation is raised that molecular biology techniques are used to produce AIDS-like retroviruses. (C) United States intensifies its development of "ethnic weapons" (Military Review, Nov., 1970), designed to selectively target and eliminate specific ethnic groups who are susceptible due to genetic differences and variations in DNA.
1971 (A) Hal Puthoff joined SRI in 1971 as a specialist in laser physics. (B) circa 1972- Hubbard was hired by Willis Harman, (then director of the Educational Policy Research Center at SRI to be a special investigative agent) earning $100 a day. Officially he was a security guard although his actual duties included spying on the drug culture which Hubbard - a political conservative - disdained. He stayed at SRI until the late 1970s (Lee and Schlain, pg 198-9). (C) According to Jack Sarfatti, a "very, very sophisticated and successful covert psychological warfare operation run by the late Brendan O Regan of the Institute of Noetic Sciences and the late Harold Chipman who was the CIA station chief responsible for all mind-control research in the Bay Area in the 70s."
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2020.01.13 07:34 Apollo_Frog How the Knights Templar Control the USA, Britain, and most of the Earth

The U.S.A. is dictated to by the Crown Temple through its bankers and attornies. The U.S.A. is controlled and manipulated by this private foreign power and our Federal U.S. Government is their pawnbroker. The bankers and Bar Attorneys in the U.S.A. are a franchise in oath and allegiance to the Crown at Chancery – the Crown Temple Church and its Chancel located at Chancery Lane – a manipulative body of elite bankers and attorners from the independent City of London who violate the law in America by imposing fraudulent “legal”– contracts on the American people. The banks Rule the Temple Church and their Attorneys carry out their Orders by controlling their victim’s judiciary. Since the first Chancel of the Temple Church was built by the Knights Templar, this is not a new ruling system by any means. The Chancel, or Chancery, of the Crown Inner Temple Court was where King John was, in January 1215, when the English barons demanded that he confirm the rights enshrined in the Magna Carta. This City of London Temple was the headquarters of the Templar Knights in Great Britain where Order and Rule were first made, which became known as Code. Remember all these terms, such as Crown, Temple, Templar, Knight, Chancel, Chancery, Court, Code, Order and Rule as we tie together their origins with the present American Temple Bar system by equity (chancery) contracts.
The legal system (judiciary) of the U.S.A. is controlled by the CrownTemple from the independent and sovereign City of London. The private Federal Reserve System, which issues fiat U.S. Federal Reserve Notes, is financially owned and controlled by the Crown from Switzerland, the home and legal origin for the charters of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, and most importantly, the Bank of International Settlements. Even Hitler respected his Crown bankers by not bombing Switzerland. The Bank of International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland [Vatican bank] controls all the central banks of the G7 nations Article from: The Informer
The government and legal system of the United States, Canada, Austraila, New Zealand and or course Britain, is totally controlled by the Crown. I have also stated that the British Monarch is not the Crown. The Crown is the Inner City of London, which is an independent State in London belonging to the Vatican system. It is a banking cartel which has a massive system around and beneath, which hides its true power The City is in fact the Knights Templar Church, also known as the Crown Temple or Crown Templar, and is located between Fleet Street and Victoria Embankment. The Temple grounds are also home to the Crown Offices at Crown Office Row.
The Crown Temple controls the Global ‘Legal’ system, including those in the United States, Canada, Australia, and much more; this is because all Bar Associations are franchises of the International Bar Association at the Inns of Court at Crown Temple based at Chancery Lane in London. All Bar Associations are franchises of the Crown and all Bar Attorneys/ Barristers throughout the world pledge a solemn oath to the Temple, even though many may not be aware that this is what they are doing. Bar Association ‘licensed’ Solicitors / Barristers must keep to their Oath, Pledge and terms of allegiance to the Crown Temple if they are to be “called to the Bar” and work in the legal profession. The ruling Monarch is also subordinate to the Crown Temple, this as been so since the reign of King John in the 13th century when Royal Sovereignty was transferred to the Crown Temple. The governments of the USA, Canada, Australia and more are subsidiaries of the Crown Temple and so is the US Central Bank the Federal Reserve, as are all Central Banks on the Planet and including the IMF` World Bank. Bar Associations are awarded their franchises by the Four Inns of Court at Temple Bar. These are the Inner Temple, Middle Temple, Lincolns Inn and Greys Inn and they are nothing less than elite secret societies without charters or statutes. They are the law unto themselves. The Inner Temple controls the legal system franchise for Canada and Britain while the Middle Temple does the same for the United States. Queen Elizabeth II is a member of both Temples. At least five signatories to the American Declaration of Independence were Temple Bar Attorneys who had pledged allegiance to the Crown! Another Middle Temple operative during the formation of the USA was Alexander Hamilton who structured the American Banking system to fulfil the Crown Temples agenda for total control of the United States. So in truth a State wherever it is on this planet, is a legal entity of the Temple Crown, or a Crown Colony. The Queen is the Grand Patroness of Freemasonry. She is served by the 390 members of the Privy Council which connects with its equivalent in all other Commonwealth Countries. The Privy Council is ‘LEGALLY’ above Parliament because of its prerogative powers. Its members, who are appointed for life, include Prince Philip, Prince Charles, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Prime Minister and many others. They hold nine official meetings each year and the government (Crown) minister’s stand to attention while the Queen is told of the government measures they are asking the Queen to approve, which are nothing other than what the Crown dictates via the elected leader and via the Whips of whichever political party has power… After taking their bow to the Queen and shaking her hand they are sworn to conduct their business in the utmost secrecy.
Another network of this structure is the CROWN AGENTS. Formed in 1833 as ‘Crown Agents for the Colonies,’ to run the day to day administration of the empire and to serve as private bankers to government officials, colonial authorities, and heads of state. It is also an older version of Brown & Root supplying a vast range of goods throughout the empire. Goods that included arms, drugs, viruses, especially to Africa to create the genocidal wars we are, and have witnessed. The Crown Agents comprise the network that links the Crown Temple to the organised crime operations throughout the empire, the Golden Dawn being one of the most powerful occult operations to be used in Britain amongst the crime syndicates to ensure the right crime waves are in full swing as and when required.
For many years the Crown Agents managed the personal wealth of the Sultan of Brunei who just happens to be a great friend of the Queen, and has funded many of Prince Philips, Prince Charles, and father George Bush’s private projects.
The Sultan is also the financier of both British and American unofficial intelligence operations as he has backed many of Mohammed Al Fayed’s operations, in fact the Sultan could be said to be Mohammed Al Fayed! After the murder of Princess Diana the role of Al Fayed was for him to hijack the conspiracy and thus lead investigators down the Al Fayed rap of mis-information as was done with Nick Brown over the top up fees debate, and is currently being played by David Davis. Fortunately no one needed to go to him for information because we all in our hearts already know she was murdered. In 1996 the Crown Agents was privatised with the name Crown Agents for Overseas Government and Administration LTD. Of course privatisation is nothing but transfer of Power from Crown Temple through Government agency to Crown Temple via direct ownership.
It manages the customs services of Mozambique, and through a company called Europe SA, is in charge of all economic construction procurement for Bosnia. It is also in joint venture with Monaco based company ES-KO, to provide all the food for United Nations peace keeping forces in Angola and Bosnia. With this you can see the more war the more profit for the Crown Agents. The queen of England owns the 40,000 acre Duchy of Lancaster, the 44,000 acre Duchy of Cornwall which gives Charles his income. In truth it is the Crown that owns these assets which are assigned to the ruling monarch, so long as they do as they are told. The Crown it transpires owns land in the UK to the tune of 40 million acres. The Queen owns over 300 residencies around the country, and invests heavily in corporations like Rio Tinto Zinc (RTZ), Royal Dutch Shell, ICI, and General Electric.
The Crown Cartels continue through a House of Windsor extremely secretive society called the Club of the Isles. It was named after King Edward VII, Queen Victoria’s son, who was the first to carry the title, Prince of the Isles. The title is held today by Prince Charles. Edward was heavily involved with the Black Nobility barons of the square mile London Financial District and helped them to engineer the Crimean War, the Russia – Japan War, the preparations for the First World War, and the Opium Wars against China. Through the central organisation of the Club of the Isles comes the fantastic web of interlocking directorships which hold apparently ‘independent’ companies in a network of common control and agenda.
Part of the web includes:
The Bank of England Anglo American Corporation of South Africa Rio Tinto Minorco Minerals and Resources Corp De Beers Consolidated Mines De Beers Centenary AG N.M Rothschilds Bank Barclays Bank Lloyds Bank Lloyds Insurance Market HSBC Bank National Westminster Bank Barings Bank Schroders bank Standard Chartered Bank Hambros Bank S.G Warburg Toronto Dominion Bank Johnson Matthey Kleinwort Benson Group Lazard Brothers Lohnro J.P Morgan and CO Morgan Grenfell Group British Petroleum Shell and Royal Dutch Petroleum Cadbury – Schweppes Bat Industries Assicurazioni Generali SpA (VeniceItaly) Courtaulds General Electric Cazeenove and Co Grand Metropolitan Hanson PLC HSBS (Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank) Imperial and Chemical Industries (ICI) Inchscape PLC Inco LTD ING Group Jardine Matheson Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation & Co (P & O ferries) Pilkington Glass Reuters Holdings Glaxo Wellcome Smithkline Beecham Unilever and UnileverNV Vickers PLC.
This is just a few of them. In 1999 Lonrho had 640 subsidiary companies itself; it has many more now, all these companies and more have staggering amounts of subsidiaries, in studying the subsidiaries of the multinationals you arrive at the fact that everything is controlled by the Crown, all lead back to operatives of the Roman Illuminati Church via the KnightsTemplarChurch. A fact worth noting is that just because a company like Pilkington Glass is now perceived to be owned by a none British company, it has only moved from the British economy, not from the control nor economy of the Illuminati who own everything, this type of movement is only a movement within the global conglomerate that is the New World Order and still earning for, and controlled by, the bloodline elite, albeit via a different branch of the elite tree.
Just look at some of the TV companies owned and thus controlled by General Electric:
NBC network CNBC MSNBC Bravo MUN2 TV Sci-Fi channel Trio WNBC – New York KNBC – Los Angeles WMAQ – Chicago WCAU – Philadelphia KNTV – San Jose – San Francisco KXAS – Dallas – Fort Worth WRAC Washington WTVJ – Miami KNSDF – San Diego WVIT – Hartford WNCN – Raleigh WCMH – Columbus WVTM – Birmingham (USA) WJAR – Providence KVEA / KWHY – Los Angeles WNJU – New York WSCV – Miami KTMD – Houston WSNS – Chicago KXTX – Dallas KVDA – San Antonio KSTS – San Francisco KDRX – Phoenix KNSO – Fresno KMAS – Denver WNEU – Boston / Merrimack KHRR – Tucson WKAQ – Puerto Rico Universal Studios NBC Universal Television Studio NBC Universal Television Distribution. Is it any wonder American’s are completely under the control of the Elites.
The Warberg Bank which is part of the Rothschilds empire and proven beyond doubt to have funded the rise of Hitler’s war machine on behalf of the Rothschilds.
Don’t forget the House of Rothschild operates directly under the current British chief, Prince Philip. Prince Philip’s whole family were supporters of the Nazi’s as was he. In 1935 Prince Christoph, the husband of Philip’s sister Sophie, was a colonel in the SS of Himmler’s personal staff and head of the Forschungsamt, an elite intelligence operation controlled by Hermann Goering.
It was they who carried out the famous Night of the Long Knives when Hitler removed his key opponents. Christoph and Sophie named their eldest child, Karl Adolf, after Hitler, Prince Philip was involved in his education. Christoph’s brother, Philip of Hess, was related to the King of Italy and was the official liaison between the fascists of Italy and Germany. Also at the same time the British King, Edward VIII, who was forced to abdicate in order the Queen Mother could be placed in the position of Chief Toad (remember Diana used to call the Windsor’s ‘toadies’) which meant she had to marry the lesser of the brothers, Bertie, the one she could obviously control.
Edward was well known to be a Nazi supporter; Prince Philip kept up very serious connections with Edward even after his abdication in 1936. Another of Edward’s supporters, and mentor to Prince Philip was the known paedophile and Satanist Lord Louis Mountbatten (Battenberg). Mountbatten was Philips route into the House of Windsor. Mountbatten was the grandson of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and was born at WindsorCastle in 1900. while Mountbatten was supposedly fighting on the British side during the war he maintained serious communications with his and the Windsor’s German Clan via his sister Louise, the Crown Princess of Sweden and wife of King Gustav. Louise was Prince Philips aunt. At the end of the war, in June 1945 the British King, George VI, the father of Queen Elizabeth and Puppet of the Queen Mother, sent the former MI5 officer, Anthony Blunt, to the Kronberg Castle of Prince Philips sister Sophie, and her Nazi husband Prince Christoph of Hess, to recover correspondence between the British Royal Family and their Nazi relatives, for propaganda aimed at convincing the aristocrats of Britain they had not been in contact all along. Blunt was the ‘surveyor of the Queens Pictures’ and a world expert in the paintings of Poussin, the initiate who painted pictures called ‘The Shepherds of Arcadia’ which related to the Rennes-le-Chateau mysteries. If you remember Blunt was named as a member of a KGB unit inside British intelligence along with Burgess, MacLean, and Philby, the fifth man of course was never named, but was in fact Lord Victor Rothschild. The dynasty is of German paternal descent and was originally a branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, itself derived from the House of Wettin, and it succeeded the House of Hanover as monarchs in the British Empire following the death of Queen Victoria, wife of Albert, Prince Consort. It was founded by King George V by royal proclamation on 17 July 1917, when he changed the name of the British Royal Family from the German Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the English Windsor, due to the anti-German sentiment in the British Empire during World War I.
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